- Unsolved problems in neuroscience
Some of the yet unsolved problems of
Consciousness: What is the neuronalbasis of subjective experience, wakefulness, alertness, arousaland attention? What is its function?
Perception: How does the braintransfer sensory information into coherent, private percepts? What are the by which perception is organized? What are the features/objects that constitute our perceptual experience of internaland externalevents? How are the sensesintegrated? Is faceperception special (e.g. innate)? What is the relationship between subjective experience and the physical world?
Learningand Memory: Where do our memories get stored and how are they retrieved again? How can learning be improved? What is the difference between explicit and implicit memories?
Neuroplasticity: How plastic is the mature brain?
* Development and
evolution: How and why did the brain evolve (the way it did)? What are the moleculardeterminants of individual brain development?
Sleep: Why do we dream? What are the underlying brain mechanisms? What is its relation to anesthesia?
Cognitionand Decisions: How and where does the brain evaluate rewardvalue and effort( cost) to modulate behavior? How does previous experience alter perception and behavior? What are the genetic and environmental contributions to brain function?
Language: How is it implemented neurally? What is the basis of semantic meaning?
Diseases: What are the neural bases (causes) of mental diseases like psychotic disorders (e.g. mania, schizophrenia), Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's diseaseor addiction? Is it possible to recover loss of sensory or motor function?
* [http://www.thehumanbrainproject.org The Human Brain Project Homepage]
* [http://nba.uth.tmc.edu/homepage/eagleman/10Q/ 10 Unsolved Questions of Neuroscience] course at the University of Texas at Houston Medical School and UT Austin. There are book chapters online there.
* [http://www.werner-seyfried.com Solved Questions by a simple model for brain function]
* Dennet D., [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=11164029&dopt=Citation Are we explaining consciousness yet?] Cognition, 2001 Apr;79(1-2):221-37.
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