Troyan


Troyan

Troyan (also spelled Troian, Bulgarian: Троян) is a town in central Bulgaria with population of about 30,000 and territory of 888,850 m². It is located 160km from Sofia. The nearest civilian airport is Gorna Oryahovitsa, 105 km away. The river of Beli Osam passes through the heart of the town.

Dilian Enkin of the Bulgarian Socialist Party has been the town's mayor since 1995. He has been reelected twice.

History

Troyan was named a town in 1868, when it developed as a craft center for the region. After the liberation it grows slowly. A spark in the town growth was the creation of a small water electrical plant and textile factories. In 1948, the town was connected to the railway LovechLevskiSvishtov. Later in time factories producing electrical motors, electrotechnical products, building machines, wool and furniture developed in the town.

Culture

The Troyan region is home to the cultural and historical site of the Troyan Monastery. August 15 is the day of the Monastery's Patron Saint, when thousands of people from the country gather to celebrate and see a unique icon of Mary. The icon is unique in that Mary has three hands made of silver. The origins of the icon are unknown but there are many stories, some of which involve miracles.

The town is famous for its traditional pottery, probably developed partly as a result of the qualities of the local clay soil. Pottery was a main source of income for the local craftsmen during the Bulgarian Renaissance age. Now handmade pottery items are sold as souvenirs to tourists. Fine examples of traditional pottery can be seen in the town's museum, across from the municipal building.

Also notable are the Nunki Complex and the St Paraskeva Church, both built in the first half of the 19th century.

The production of premium quality plum brandy (rakia) has become a part of the local culture. In connection with this, the town holds the annual Festival of the Plum in the autumn. Plum brandy from Troyan has gained national and international acclaim at major showcases.

The official day of Troyan is October 14, the day of the town's patron saint, St Petka Paraskeva.

Nature

The Troyan region is home to three National Reserves: Kozia Stena, Steneto and Severen Jendem, part of the larger Central Balkan National Park. The reserves are rich in interesting rock formations, waterfalls and wild life. Most of the interesting spots are tourist-accessible.

Industry

Troyan is the home of the large Actavis [http://www.actavis.bg/] generic pharmaceuticals plant as well as the light machinery factories Elma and Mashstroi [http://www.mashstroy.bg] . Another major industry is the famous plum brandy (slivova rakia) production brewery Vinprom-Troyan.

Famous people

* Ivan Hadzhiyski, psychologist
* Dr Nikola Shipkovenski, psychiatrist
* Dr Angel Balevski
* Minko Nikolov, literature critic)
* Hristo Radevski, poet
* Dr Marko Semov
* Todor Shishmanov, musician
* Sasho Dikov, journalist
* Ania Pencheva, actress
* Docho Bodzhakov, film director
* Andrey Andreev, industrialist, philanthropist
* Ilian Peevski, building engineer
* [http://mtod.troian.com/ Milko Todorov ] , artist
* Utkan Toker, trader
* Hristo Penchev, architect
* Dr.Ivelina Boseva, Dentist

Schools

* [http://www.skobg.org/ Kliment Ohridski Secondary School]
* [http://vasillevski.hit.bg/ Vasil Levski Secondary School]
* Technical High School of Troyan
* Art and Crafts High School
* Ivan Hadgiiski Primary School
* Otets Paisii Primary School
* St. St. Cyril and Methodius Elementary School
* Christo Botev Elementary School

Institute for Mountain Agriculture, part of the National Centre for Agricultural Sciences.

Honour

Troyan Peak on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Troyan.

Gallery

External links

* [http://www.troyan-bg.com/engindex.php Tourism in Troyan, Bulgaria website]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Troyan — Trojan (Троян) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Troyan — Original name in latin Troyan Name in other language Troian, Trojan, Troan, Троян State code BG Continent/City Europe/Sofia longitude 42.89427 latitude 24.71589 altitude 389 Population 21162 Date 2007 07 10 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Troyan — Sp Trojãnas Ap Троян/Troyan L C Bulgarija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

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  • Troyan Peak — (Vrah Troyan vr h tro yan) is a peak rising to 810m in the Friesland Ridge of the Tangra Mountains in Livingston Island, Antarctica. It has a steep snow free west slope and surmounts the Ruen Icefall to the north, west and south. The peak is… …   Wikipedia

  • Troyan Monastery — The Monastery of the Dormition of the Most Holy Mother of God ( bg. Троянски манастир „Успение Богородично“) or, as it is more commonly called, the Troyan Monastery is the third largest monastery in Bulgaria. It is located in the northern part of …   Wikipedia

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  • Monasterio de Troyan — Coordenadas: 42°51′45″N 24°46′50″E / 42.8625, 24.78056 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Monastere de Troyan — Monastère de Troyan Cour du monastère de Troyan sous la neige Le monastère de Troyan (dit Troyanski) est le plus grand monastère dans la chaîne du Balkan. Il se situe à 10 km au sud est de la ville de Troyan, dans la province de Lovetch, au pied… …   Wikipédia en Français


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