William Ball (astronomer)


William Ball (astronomer)

William Ball (or Balle, "c." 1627–1690) was an English astronomer. He was one of the founding Fellows of the Royal Society. He was appointed the Society's first treasurer on 28 November 1660, and served until 1663. [cite journal
last = Maddison | first = R. E. W.
title=The Accompt of William Balle from 28 November 1660 to 11 September 1663
journal=Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London
year=1960 | volume=14 | issue=2 | pages=174–183
doi=10.1098/rsnr.1960.0030
]

He was born to Sir Peter Ball, most likely in 1627. At some point he became an ardent astronomer, and he gained ownership of a twelve-foot telescope. In 1655, when the Rings of Saturn had apparently disappeared due to being seen edge-on from Earth, Ball observed them as a band (or "fascia") upon the planet. The same year he established the rotation rate of the planet Saturn.cite journal
last = Armitage | first = Angus
title=William Ball. F.R.S. (1627-1690)
journal=Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London
year=1960 | volume=15 | pages=167–172
doi=10.1098/rsnr.1960.0016
]

In a summary of Ball's observations of Saturn in 1665, his colleague Robert Moray remarked that there appeared "not "one" body of a Circular Figure, that embraces his Disk, but "two".". This cryptic remark resulted in the mid-1800s in a claim that Ball had observed what is now known as the Cassini Division in Saturn's rings, ten years before Cassini did himself, and that the feature should more correctly be known as "Ball's Division". [e.g., Kirkwood (1871), "On the Formation and Primitive Structure of the Solar System," "Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society", pp.163-167.] However, actual examination of Ball's drawings of his observations does not support this claim. [C. Leeson Prince (1882), "Saturn's Ring" (letter to the editor), "The Astronomical Register", v.XX, pp.257-261.]

Ball crater on the Moon was named after his work.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William Ball — may refer to:* William Ball (astronomer) aka Balle (1627–1690), English astronomer * William Lee Ball (1781 1824), Virginia congressman * William Ball (footballer) (1886–1942), English footballer * William Macmahon Ball (1901–1986), Australian… …   Wikipedia

  • Ball (name) — This is a list of notable people with the given name Ball. *Alan Ball, Sr. (footballer) (1924 1982) *Alan Ball, Jr. (footballer) (1945 2007) *Alan Ball (screenwriter) (born 1957) *Alan Ball (American football) (born 1985) *Angeline Ball, actress… …   Wikipedia

  • William Wilson Morgan — Born January 3, 1906(1906 01 03) Died June 21, 1994(1994 06 21) (aged 88) …   Wikipedia

  • William Parsons — Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Royal Astronomer of Ireland — The Royal Astronomer of Ireland was a title attached to the Andrews Professorship of astronomy in Trinity College Dublin and the directorship of its astronomical observatory at Dunsink, near Dublin. The eight title holders included Charles Jasper …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Stawell Ball — Sir Robert Ball (1905) von Leslie Ward Sir Robert Stawell Ball (* 1. Juli 1840 in Dublin; † 25. November 1913 in Cambridge) war ein irischer Astronom, Mathematiker und Verfasser populärwissenschaftlicher Bücher …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Crystal ball — This article is about the fortune telling object. For other uses, see Crystal ball (disambiguation). The largest flawless quartz sphere is located in the National Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C., USA …   Wikipedia

  • John Birmingham (astronomer) — John Birmingham, amateur geologist and astronomer was born, lived and died in the Millbrook Estate, outside Milltown, County Galway. He was educated at St. Jarlath s College in Tuam. He is reputed to have spent 6 or 7 years studying in Berlin,… …   Wikipedia

  • Hobart and William Smith Colleges — Seals of the two colleges Established 1822/1908 …   Wikipedia

  • Список лунных кратеров, Б — Список лунных кратеров А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И Й К Л М Н О П Р С  …   Википедия


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.