- Kirkby Stephen
infobox UK place
country = England
official_name= Kirkby Stephen
population = 1,832
region= North West England
constituency_westminster= Penrith and The Border
post_town= KIRKBY STEPHEN
postcode_district = CA17
Kirkby Stephen is a small market town in
Cumbria, in the north-west of England. It was originally in the county of Westmorland, (whose name is preserved by the neighbouring town, Appleby in Westmorland, 19 km/12 miles to the north-west). It is located on the A685, surrounded by sparsely populated hill country, and about 45 km/30 miles from the two nearest big towns, Kendal and Penrith. The River Eden rises 10 km/6 miles away in the peat bogs below Hugh Seat, and passes by, almost unobserved, on the eastern edge of the town.
Kirkby Stephen has its own Town Council, and also provides a centre for several smaller villages and parishes in the surrounding area, including Nateby,
A Community and Council Centre, on the premises of the Library, provides information and services on behalf of all the local Councils (County, District and Town), as well as general and local information and facilities.
There are two main websites: the official town website, [ [http://www.kirkby-stephen.com/ Kirkby Stephen Official website: general information] ] and one giving news and events [ [http://www.kirkbystephenonline.org.uk/ Kirkby Stephen Online: news/events] ]
The parish church of St Stephen is sometimes called the "Cathedral of the Dales" and, in Cumbria, only the church in Kendal is larger. There have been three churches on this spot. The first was built in Saxon times; it was followed in 1170 by a Norman church. This was replaced by the present building in 1240. But it has been considerably altered in the centuries since then, being partly rebuilt in 1847 and further restored in the 1870s. The church is approached from the market square, where it is almost hidden from view by the picturesque cloisters, built in 1810.
There are monuments to the Musgrave and Wharton families, but the most important of several other ancient monuments in the church is a relief of the Norse god
Loki, who is shown bound and chained. [ [http://www.mallerstang.com/visit.html "A Virtual Walk through Mallerstang"] ] Like the name of the town, this is a reminder of the Vikings, who were early settlers here around the end of the first millennium.
(Norse: "Kirk [kirkja] ", a church; " by", a settlement).
Kirkby Stephen Schools
There are primary schools in Kirkby Stephen itself and in the two neighbouring parishes of Brough and
Secondary education for the town and surrounding area is provided by Kirkby Stephen Grammar School. This was founded in 1566 by
Thomas Wharton, 1st Baron Wharton, under letters patent granted by Queen Elizabeth I. Although it has retained the old name "grammar school" its old buildings were replaced long ago, and it is now a comprehensive school(and Sports College), with approximately 410 students.
In 1530 Roger de Clifford, Baron of Westmorland, obtained a charter from King Edward III, for a market and two yearly fairs to be held in the town. This was reaffirmed by a charter granted in 1606 to George, Earl of Cumberland, by King James I, for: "one market on Monday and two fairs yearly; one on the Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday after Whitsuntide, and the other on the two days next before the feast of St. Luke".
The Monday market, with livestock sales at the Mart in Faraday Road, and stalls on the Market Square, is still an important event in the town and surrounding countryside. There were special celebrations to mark the 400th anniversary of the King James Charter; but St Luke’s Fair, or “Charter Day”, is celebrated every year at the end of October, beginning with the Charter being read at the “Charter Stone” in the High Street. The special "
Tupsales", very important in this sheep rearing area, still take place at around this time each year.
Facilities and Events
There is a good range of shops, also several
antiqueshops, restaurants, cafés, pubs, and a Tourist Information Office [ [http://www.kirkby-stephen.com/tourist-information.html Tourist Information Office website] ] ] . In recent years there has been an annual Music Festival, and the town has won several awards from Britain in Bloom.
Kirkby Stephen serves as a base for tourism in the Eden Valley area, and for walking tours of the Dales. It is on the line of the Coast to Coast Walk, devised by
Alfred Wainwright, [A Wainwright, "Wainwright's Coast to Coast Walk", Michael Joseph, 1987] Each June there is the " Mallerstang Horseshoe and Nine Standards Yomp" which takes a strenuous route along the high ground along both sides of the neighbouring dale of Mallerstang, including Wild Boar Fell, and the summit of nearby Nine Standards Rigg.
The quiet, beautiful surrounding countryside is a joy for walkers, but the Kirkby Stephen Mountain Rescue Team sometimes has to assist those who are not fully prepared for the occasionally harsh conditions on the fell tops.
The Faraday Connection
It is sometimes said that Faraday Road (parallel with the High Street and Market Street) is named in honour of the great scientist,
Michael Faraday(1791-1867). But, in fact, it is named for his uncle, Richard Faraday, who was a respected local tradesman. Richard's younger brother, James, was for some time the Blacksmith in Outhgill, nearby - but his third child, Michael, was born soon after they had moved to London. The Faraday brothers had been prompted to move from Clapham, Yorkshireto the Kirkby Stephen area because the family were all staunch members of the Sandemaniansect, and at that time there was one of the few Sandemanian communities here, with a chapel which was in the courtyard behind what is now the HSBC Bank.
Stenkrith Park is south of the town on the B6259 road to Nateby. The river scenery here marks the change from the
limestoneof the head of the Eden valley in Mallerstang, to the red Sandstonewhich is characteristic further along the Eden valley. The main rock here (from which most of the houses in Kirkby Stephen are built), is brockram, composed of fragments of limestone in a cement of red sandstone. The river at Stenkrith has carved this rock into many fantastic shapes, collectively known as the Devil's Grinding Mill, or Devils Hole. This spectacular natural scenery has been supplemented, in recent years, by three (human) additions.
The ‘Poetry Path’ has 12 stones which were carved by the artist Pip Hall, with poems by Meg Peacock, depicting a year in the life of a hill farmer.
Eden Benchmarks: Beside the river there is a sculpture by Laura White, entitled ‘Passage’, one of the ten "Eden Benchmarks", a series of sculptures that have been placed at intervals along the River Eden from its source in Mallerstang to the
The Millennium Bridge was opened in 2002, and provides pedestrian access from the park to a walk along the old South Durham Railway track.
Among many other scenic features in the surrounding area are: Nine Standards Rigg, to the north-east,
Pendragon Castle, and Wild Boar Fell, to the south.
Brough, there is no evidence of any Roman settlement here, but there are many traces of even more ancient settlements in the area, including the remains of a large Iron Ageearthwork or hill-fort, "Croglam Castle", on the south-eastern edge of the town.
Kirkby Stephen railway station, on the Settle-Carlisle line is located over a mile to the south-west of the town. (This railway line kept to the high ground and avoided dropping down into the valleys wherever possible; so, for example, Dent station is over 6 km/4 miles from that village). Until the 1960s there was another, older, Kirkby Stephen East railway station, situated at the southern edge of the town; this was on the North Eastern Railway's Stainmore and Eden Valley lines. Work is in progress to restore parts of this defunct line by the Stainmore Railway Company, whose long term aims include connection to the preserved Eden Valley Railway.
External links & References
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Look at other dictionaries:
Kirkby Stephen — Kirkby Stephen … Wikipédia en Français
Kirkby-Stephen — (spr. körbĭ stīfen), Stadt in der engl. Grafschaft Westmoreland, am Eden, 16 km südöstlich von Appleby, in gebirgiger Gegend, hat eine altenglische Kirche mit alten Grabmälern, Lateinschule und (1901) 1656 Einw. In der Nähe Kupfer , Blei und… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Kirkby Stephen — Original name in latin Kirkby Stephen Name in other language Kirkby Stephen State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 54.47229 latitude 2.34865 altitude 176 Population 1873 Date 2011 03 03 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Kirkby Stephen East railway station — was situated on the South Durham Lancashire Union Railway between Barnard Castle and Tebay. It served the town of Kirkby Stephen. The station opened to passenger traffic on 8 August 1861, and closed on 22 January 1962. The station is currently… … Wikipedia
Kirkby Stephen railway station — Infobox UK station name = Kirkby Stephen manager = Northern Rail locale = Kirkby Stephen borough = Eden code = KSW lowusage0405 = 23,486 lowusage0506 = 21,623 lowusage0607 = 21,543 platforms = 2 start = Kirkby Stephen railway station serves the… … Wikipedia
Gare de Kirkby Stephen est — 54° 27′ 44″ N 2° 21′ 34″ W / 54.46234, 2.35941 … Wikipédia en Français
Kirkby (disambiguation) — Kirkby may refer to: Places in the United Kingdom * Kirkby, Merseyside * Kirkby, Lincolnshire * Kirkby, North Yorkshire * Kirkby in Ashfield, Nottinghamshire * Kirkby in Furness, Cumbria * Kirkby la Thorpe, Lincolnshire * Kirkby on Bain,… … Wikipedia
Kirkby Thore railway station — was situated on the Eden Valley Railway between Penrith and Kirkby Stephen East. It served the village of Kirkby Thore. The station opened to passenger traffic on 9 June 1862, and closed on 7 December 1953. The track has been dismantled.The… … Wikipedia
Kirkby-in-Furness — Coordinates: 54°13′52″N 3°11′13″W / 54.231°N 3.187°W / 54.231; 3.187 … Wikipedia
Stephen — Infobox Given name 2 origin = Greek gender = Male meaning = CrownStephen, or Steven (pronounced IPAlink en|ˈstiːvən) is an English masculine first name, derived from the Greek name Στεφανος (Stephanos) meaning crown . Saint Stephen was a deacon… … Wikipedia