Brooks's


Brooks's

Brooks's is a London gentlemen's club, founded in 1764 by 27 men including four dukes, At an early date, it was the meeting place for Whigs of the highest social order, and it remains one of the most exclusive London Clubs.

Their original premises in Pall Mall were "farmed" or managed by the famous Almack (William Macall, who reversed the syllables of his unfashionably Scottish name) who also set up the iconic Almack's Assembly Rooms in nearby Duke Street. The club is named after Almack's successor Brooks, who only survived its rebuilding by three years. The current building on the west side of St. James's Street was designed by Henry Holland and opened in 1778. It faces Boodle's across the street, and the Tory club of White's is just up the road.

Its primary purpose was originally to provide a home away from home for the gentleman of the time, who was normally not at all domestic. At Brooks's, he could meet his friends (and avoid his and others' ladies) at any time of the day or night. The club provided substantial but ordinary meals, to the point that complaints about the everlasting sameness led to the founding of Watier's in 1806.

The gaming rooms used to be one of the main attractions. At several tables in one, gentlemen would stake fortunes on whist and hazard. Gambling all night was common; all day and all night, not unheard of. When the stakes far exceeded any ordinary expenses, all the club accounts were commonly deducted from winnings, so that no bills were rendered to members. Numerous eccentric bets were and are made in the Brooks's betting book. One extraordinary entry is "Ld. Cholmondeley has given two guineas to Ld. Derby, to receive 500gs whenever his lordship f**** a woman in a balloon one thousand yards from the earth". Members' gaming, such as at backgammon, continues today, but somewhat less extravagantly.

In the middle 1970s the penurious St James's Club amalgamated with Brooks's to add a less traditionally Whig (not to say actively rakish) aspect to its membership.

Notable members

*David Garrick (1717-1779)
*Horace Walpole, 4th Earl of Orford (1717-1797)
*George Selwyn (1719-1791)
*Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792)
*Edmund Burke (1729-1797)
*John Bowes, 9th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (1737-1776)
*Edward Gibbon (1737-1794)
*William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland (1738-1809)
*Philip Francis (1740-1818)
*John Ker, 3rd Duke of Roxburghe (1740-1804)
*John FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Upper Ossory (1745-1818)
*William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire (1748-1811)
*Charles James Fox (1749-1806)
*William Windham (1750-1810)
*Richard Brinsley Sheridan (1751-1816)
*Hugh Fortescue, 1st Earl Fortescue (1753-1841)
*Thomas Grenville (1755-1846)
*Lord John Townshend (1757-1833)
*Sir Scrope Bernard-Morland, 4th baronet (1758-1830)
*William Pitt the Younger (1759-1806)
*William Wilberforce (1759-1833)
*Sir John Lade (1759-1838)
*George FitzRoy, 4th Duke of Grafton (1760-1844)
*Pascoe Grenfell (1761-1838)
*The Prince of Wales, later George IV (1762-1830)
*Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (1763-1827)
*Prince William, Duke of Clarence, later William IV (1765-1837)
*William Henry Fremantle (1766-1850)
*Lord William Russell (1767-1840)
*Jean-Lambert Tallien (1767-1820)
*John Campbell, 1st Baron Cawdor (1768-1821)
*Francis Burdett (1770-1844)
*Charles Watkin Williams-Wynn (1775-1850)
*Alexander Raphael (1775/6-1850)
*Richard Temple-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos (1776-1839)
*Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux (1778-1868)
*Beau Brummell (1778-1840)
*John Campbell, 1st Baron Campbell (1779-1861)
*Thomas Moore (1779-1852)
*John Ward, 1st Earl of Dudley (1781-1833)
*Granville Proby, 3rd Earl of Carysfort (1782-1868)
*Hugh Fortescue, 2nd Earl Fortescue (1783-1861)
*Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston (1784-1865)
*Daniel O'Connell (1785-1847)
*Thomas Francis Kennedy (1788-1879)
*George Nugent-Grenville, 2nd Baron Nugent (1789-1850)
*George Glyn, 1st Baron Wolverton (1797-1873)
*David Salomons (1797-1873)
*John Townshend, 4th Marquess Townshend (1798-1863)
*Matthew Talbot Baines (1799-1860)
*Michael Thomas Bass, Jr. (1799-1884)
*George Keppel, 6th Earl of Albemarle (1799-1891)
*Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby (1799-1869)
*Richard Bethell, 1st Baron Westbury (1800-1873)
*Robert Vernon, 1st Baron Lyveden (1800-1873)
*Charles Pelham Villiers (1802-1898)
*Edward Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton (1803-1873)
*Edward Horsman (1807-1876)
*Lionel de Rothschild (1808-1879)
*William Cowper-Temple, 1st Baron Mount Temple (1811-1898)
*Sir Edward Buxton, 2nd Baronet (1812-1858)
*Adam Haldane-Duncan, 2nd Earl of Camperdown (1812-1867)
*William Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 3rd Earl of Minto (1814-1891)
*Charles Ponsonby, 2nd Baron de Mauley (1815-1896)
*Sir John Pender (1816-1896)
*Edward Pleydell-Bouverie (1818-1889)
*John Dalrymple, 10th Earl of Stair (1819-1903)
*Henry Vivian, 1st Baron Swansea (1821-1894)
*George Hay, Earl of Gifford (1822-1862)
*Sir Robert Peel, 3rd Baronet (1822-1895)
*Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue, 1st Baron Carlingford (1823-1898)
*George Glyn, 2nd Baron Wolverton (1824-1887)
*Valentine Browne, 4th Earl of Kenmare (1825-1905)
*Thomas Brooks, 1st Baron Crawshaw (1825-1908)
*Hugh Grosvenor, 1st Duke of Westminster (1825-1899)
*Anthony Henley, 3rd Baron Henley (1825-1898)
*Thomas Baring, 1st Earl of Northbrook (1826-1904)
*James Carnegie, 9th Earl of Southesk (1827-1905)
*George Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon (1827-1909)
*Henry James, 1st Baron James of Hereford (1828-1911)
*Wentworth Beaumont, 1st Baron Allendale (1829-1907)
*Richard Boyle, 9th Earl of Cork (1829-1904)
*Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen, 1st Baron Brabourne (1829-1893)
*Henry Portman, 2nd Viscount Portman (1829-1919)
*John St Aubyn, 1st Baron St Levan (1829-1908)
*George Byng, 3rd Earl of Strafford (1830-1898)
*George Goschen, 1st Viscount Goschen (1831-1907)
*Algernon West (1832-1921)
*Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire (1833-1908)
*John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton (1834-1902)
*Michael Biddulph, 1st Baron Biddulph (1834-1923)
*Charles Anderson-Pelham, 3rd Earl of Yarborough (1835-1875)
*William Edwardes, 4th Baron Kensington (1835-1906)
*John William Mellor (1835-1911)
*John Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer (1835-1910)
*Edmond Wodehouse (1835-1914)
*The Hon. Evelyn Ashley (1836-1907)
*Thomas Brassey, 1st Earl Brassey (1836-1918)
*Michael Bass, 1st Baron Burton (1837-1909)
*Richard Grosvenor, 1st Baron Stalbridge (1837-1912)
*Farrer Herschell, 1st Baron Herschell (1837-1899)
*Sir George Trevelyan, 2nd Baronet (1838-1928)
*Arthur Gore, 5th Earl of Arran (1839-1901)
*Montague Guest (1839-1909)
*Charles Hanbury-Tracy, 4th Baron Sudeley (1840-1922)
*Edward Heneage, 1st Baron Heneage (1840-1922)
*Henry Strutt, 2nd Baron Belper (1840-1914)
*Archibald Acheson, 4th Earl of Gosford (1841-1922)
*Robert Haldane-Duncan, 3rd Earl of Camperdown (1841-1918)
*Hamar Alfred Bass (1842-1898)
*Robert Finlay, 1st Viscount Finlay (1842-1929)
*Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne (1845-1927)
*Charles Cecil Cotes (1846-1898)
*Herbert Gardner, 1st Baron Burghclere (1846-1921)
*John Lawrence, 2nd Baron Lawrence (1846-1913)
*Edward Walter Hamilton (1847-1908)
*Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery (1847-1929)
*Victor Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin (1849-1917)
*Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth (1849-1909)
*Sir John Simeon, 4th Baronet (1850-1909)
*Albert Grey, 4th Earl Grey (1851-1917)
*Edward Ponsonby, 8th Earl of Bessborough (1851-1920)
*Cromartie Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 4th Duke of Sutherland (1851-1913)
*Thomas Lister, 4th Baron Ribblesdale (1854-1925)
*George Venables-Vernon, 7th Baron Vernon (1854-1928)
*William Mansfield, 1st Viscount Sandhurst (1855-1921)
*Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane (1856-1928)
*Francis Stonor, 4th Baron Camoys (1856-1897)
*Robert Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe (1858-1945)
*Herbrand Russell, 11th Duke of Bedford (1858-1940)
*Sir Charles Seely, 2nd Baronet (1859-1926)
*Wentworth Beaumont, 1st Viscount Allendale (1860-1923)
*The Hon. Hubert Beaumont (1864-1922)
*Sir John Fuller, 1st Baronet (1864-1913)
*Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon (1866-1941)
*Wilfrid Ashley, 1st Baron Mount Temple (1867-1939)
*Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire (1868-1938)
*Oliver Russell, 2nd Baron Ampthill (1869-1935)
*John Desmond Cronin (1916-1986)
*Nigel Strutt (1916-2004)
*Sir Alan Campbell (1919-2007)
*Andrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire (1920-2004)
*Roy Jenkins (1920-2003)
*John Colvin (1922-2003)
*Alan Clark (1928-1999) [Mrs. Thatcher's Minister The Private Diaries of Alan Clark, p.9.]

References

*Christopher Hibbert; "London, the Biography of a City"; 1969; William Morrow, NY
*Stella Margetson; "Regency London"; 1971; Prawger Publishers, Inc. NY
*Ellen Moers; "The Dandy: Brummell to Beerbohm"; 1960; The Viking Press, Inc., NY
*Philip Ziegler & Desmond Seward; "Brooks's: A Social History", 1991.
*Vic Gatrell, City of Laughter, Atlantic Books, 2006.
*Robert Phipps Dod; "Parliamentary Companion" (various editions)


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  • Brooks, KY — U.S. Census Designated Place in Kentucky Population (2000): 2678 Housing Units (2000): 1083 Land area (2000): 4.684347 sq. miles (12.132402 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.684347 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Brooks, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 141 Housing Units (2000): 64 Land area (2000): 1.162752 sq. miles (3.011514 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.162752 sq. miles (3.011514 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Brooks, OR — U.S. Census Designated Place in Oregon Population (2000): 410 Housing Units (2000): 158 Land area (2000): 0.508084 sq. miles (1.315931 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.508084 sq. miles (1.315931 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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