- Nuclear Decommissioning Authority
The Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) is a non-departmental public body of the United Kingdom formed by the Energy Act 2004. It came into existence in late 2004, and took on its main functions on 1 April 2005. Its purpose is to deliver the decommissioning and clean-up of the UK’s civil nuclear legacy in a safe and cost-effective manner, and where possible to accelerate programmes of work that reduce hazard. NDA does not directly manage the UK's nuclear sites. it oversees the work through contracts with specially designed companies known as site licence companies. NDA determines the overall strategy and priorities for managing decommissioning.
Although the NDA itself only employs 300 staff, its annual budget is £2.2 billion. The vast majority of the NDA budget is spent through contracts with site licence companies, who also sub contract to other companies which provide special services. The NDA aims to do this by introducing innovation and contractor expertise through a series of competitions similar to the model that has been used in the US.
The main objectives of NDA are to:
- eliminate site hazards and develop waste solutions;
- ensure the highest standards in safety, security and environmental management;
- build an effective world class industry;
- gain full approval and support from stakeholders (employees, contractors, government, local communities and general public); and
- make best use of assets and maximise value-for-money.
Responsibility for operating the sites has been restructured into six Site Licence Companies. The management of the Site Licence Companies is contracted out to different Parent Body Organisations, which are owned by private companies.
- Sellafield Ltd was previously BNFL's British Nuclear Group subsidiary. It comprises Sellafield nuclear chemical facility, Calder Hall, Windscale and the Capenhurst uranium enrichment plant. Its Parent Body Organisation is Nuclear Management Partners Ltd, a consortium of URS, AMEC and Areva.
- Magnox Ltd manages ten Magnox nuclear power stations and was previously two separate Site Licence Companies. It comprises Chapelcross, Hunterston A, Trawsfynydd, Wylfa and Oldbury (previously Magnox North Ltd) and Berkeley, Bradwell, Dungeness A, Hinkley Point A and Sizewell A (previously Magnox South Ltd). Its Parent Body Organisation is Reactor Sites Management Company Ltd, owned by EnergySolutions.
- Dounreay Site Restoration Ltd comprises the Dounreay site. Its Parent Body Organisation is UKAEA Ltd, owned by Babcock International Group.
- Research Sites Restoration Ltd comprises the Harwell and Winfrith facilities. Its Parent Body Organisation is also UKAEA Ltd.
- LLW Repository Ltd comprises the Low Level Waste Repository near Drigg in Cumbria. Its Parent Body Organisation is UK Nuclear Waste Management Ltd, a consortium of URS, Studsvik, Areva and Serco.
- Springfields Fuels Ltd comprises the Springfields nuclear fuel production facility near Preston, Lancashire. Its Parent Body Organisation is Westinghouse Electric Company, a subsidiary of Toshiba.
The NDA is also the owner of International Nuclear Services, which manages contracts on behalf of the NDA for operations such as the storage and transport of nuclear fuels.
In 2005 the cost of decommissioning these sites was planned at £55.8 billion, with Sellafield requiring £31.5 billion. However in 2006 the NDA reported that the cost of cleaning up existing waste was higher than previously thought, and gave a new estimated decommissioning cost of about £72 billion over a 100 year period. In 2008 estimated decommissioning costs increased to £73.6 billion, or after taking account of discount rates £44.1 billion. A 2006 estimate foresaw £14bn of offsetting income from reprocessing fuel at Sellafield. In 2009 the NDA sold land near three existing reactor sites for expected new nuclear power stations, for over £200m.
National Nuclear Laboratory
In 2006, the then Secretary of State for Trade and Industry announced his support for a National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL) to be based on the British Technology Centre at Sellafield and Nexia Solutions. The NDA, as the owner of Sellafield site and the funder of majority of research required across the nuclear estate, was involved establishing the NNL in 2009. The NNL complements other initiatives to develop a sustainable workforce such as the National Skills Academy for Nuclear (NSAN) network, including the development of Energus in West Cumbria, alongside complementary research and development facilities such as the Dalton Cumbria Institute.
- ^ NDA Confirms Names of New Site Licence Companies, Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (14 February 2007)
- ^ Magnox Limited, Magnox Sites (11 January 2011)
- ^ a b "Nuclear clean-up 'to cost £70bn'". BBC News. 30 March 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/4859980.stm. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- ^ "Annual Report & Accounts 2007/08". Nuclear Decommissioning Authority. http://www.nda.gov.uk/news/arac-0708.cfm. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- ^ Danny Fortson and Dominic O’Connell (29 March 2009). "Prices soar as bidders fight for nuclear sites". The Sunday Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/environment/article5992467.ece. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- ^ Alistair Darling announces the formation of the National Nuclear Laboratory, Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (30/06/06).
- NDA website
- National Nuclear Laboratory
- National Skills Academy for Nuclear
- Nuclear clean-up cost up to £56bn, BBC, 11 August 2005
- Nuclear clean-up 'to cost £70bn', BBC, 30 March 2006
- Mapping out the UK's nuclear future, by Jorn Madslien, BBC News
- Sellafield awaits nuclear power's rebirth, by Jorn Madslien, BBC News
- http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/4818370.stm, by Jorn Madslien, BBC News
- The sale of Britain's nuclear giant, by Jorn Madslien, BBC News
- "The UK Nuclear Decommissioning Authority", Steve Thomas (2004), Public Services International Research Unit, University of Greenwich
- UK nuclear decommissioning efforts now answerable to Nuclear Decommissioning Authority, Bellona Foundation, 4 April 2005
- UK nuclear industry is allegedly "cheating the market", Bellona Foundation, 18 January 2005
Nuclear power in the United KingdomEnergy in the United Kingdom · Nuclear power Companies and
organisationsBNFL (British Nuclear Fuels plc) · Civil Nuclear Constabulary · British Nuclear Group (BNG) · EDF Energy · Horizon Nuclear Power · Magnox Ltd · Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) · National Nuclear Laboratory · Nuclear Liabilities Fund · NuGeneration · Office for Nuclear Regulation · United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA)
ReactorsActiveClosedSizewell B | Dounreay Non-reactor sites Other
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Nuclear Decommissioning Authority — Die Nuclear Decommissioning Authority, abgekürzt NDA (dt. Behörde für die Stilllegung kerntechnischer Anlagen), hat im Vereinigten Königreich die Aufsicht über die Stilllegung, Reinigung und Demontage bestimmter Nuklearanlagen. Gemäß einem im… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nuclear Decommissioning Authority — Autorité britannique de démantèlement nucléaire L Autorité britannique de démantèlement nucléaire (en anglais Nuclear Decommissioning Authority ou NDA) est un organisme publique du Royaume Uni crée le 1er avril 2005 suite à la loi Energy Act en… … Wikipédia en Français
Nuclear decommissioning — Example of decommissioning work underway. The reactor pressure ves … Wikipedia
Nuclear Institute — Abbreviation NI Formation 2009 Legal status Registered charity Purpose/focus Nuclear energy in the UK Location Allan House, 1 Penerley Road … Wikipedia
Nuclear power in the United Kingdom — United Kingdom energy related articles Government energy policy Energy use and conservation Nuclear power Solar power Wind power Energy efficiency in … Wikipedia
Nuclear Liabilities Fund — The Nuclear Liabilities Fund (formerly the Nuclear Generation Decommissioning Fund) is a fund of the UK Government to provide arrangements for funding certain long term costs for the decommissioning of eight nuclear power stations formerly owned… … Wikipedia
Nuclear power debate — For nuclear energy policies by nation, see Nuclear energy policy. For public protests about nuclear power, see Anti nuclear movement. Three of the reactors at Fukushima I overheated, causing meltdowns that eventually led to hydrogen explosions,… … Wikipedia
Nuclear entombment — Entombment (also referred to as safe enclosure) of a nuclear reactor is a method of nuclear decommissioning in which radioactive contaminants are encased in a structurally long lived material, such as concrete, that will last for a period of time … Wikipedia
Nuclear power phase-out — A nuclear power plant at Grafenrheinfeld, Germany. Chancellor Angela Merkel s coalition announced on May 30, 2011, that Germany’s 17 nuclear power stations will be shut down by 2022, in a policy reversal following Japan s Fukushima Daiichi… … Wikipedia
Nuclear flask — This article is about the United Kingdom nuclear waste trasportation flask. For other countries, see Spent nuclear fuel shipping cask. Wagon with transport cabin containing a nuclear waste flask, at Bristol A nuclear flask is a shipping container … Wikipedia