Carl Gustav Hempel


Carl Gustav Hempel

Infobox Philosopher
region = Western Philosophy
era = 20th-century philosophy
color = #B0C4DE


name = Carl Gustav Hempel
birth = birth date|1905|01|08 Oranienburg, Germany
death = death date|1997|11|09 Princeton, New Jersey
school_tradition = Analytic
main_interests = Philosophy of science, Logic
notable_ideas = Hempel's Dilemma, Deductive-nomological
influences = Vienna Circle
influenced = Jaegwon Kim
students = John Earman

Carl Gustav "Peter" Hempel (born January 8 1905 in Oranienburg, Germany died November 9 1997 in Princeton, New Jersey) was a philosopher of science and a major figure in 20th-century logical empiricism. He is especially well-known for his articulation of the Deductive-nomological model of scientific explanation, which was considered the "standard model" of scientific explanation during the 1950s and 1960's. He is also known for the Raven paradox, which highlights the problem of induction.

Biography

Hempel studied mathematics, physics, and philosophy at the University of Göttingen, Heidelberg and Berlin. In Göttingen he encountered David Hilbert and was impressed by his attempt to base all of mathematics on solid logical foundations derived from a limited number of axioms (Hilbert's Program). Having moved to Berlin he participated in a congress on scientific philosophy in 1929, where he met Rudolf Carnap and became involved in the Berlin Group of philosophers that was associated with the Vienna Circle. In 1934 he received his doctoral degree from the University of Berlin with a dissertation on probability theory.The same year he fled the increasingly repressive Germany and emigrated to Belgium with the help of Paul Oppenheim, with whom he co-authored the book "Der Typusbegriff im Lichte der neuen Logik" on typology and logics in 1936. In 1937 Hempel emigrated to the US where he accepted a position as Carnap's assistant at the University of Chicago. Subsequently he held positions at New York's City College of New York (1939-1948), Yale University (1948-1955), and Princeton University where he taught alongside Thomas Kuhn, and stayed until he was given emeritus status in 1964. As an emeritus he spent the years from 1964-1966 at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He became University Professor of Philosophy at the University of Pittsburgh in 1977 and taught there until 1985.

He never embraced the term "logical positivism" as an accurate description of the Vienna Circle and Berlin Group in which he had participated during the years between the World Wars, preferring to describe those philosophers, and himself, as "logical empiricists."

Hempel believed that the term "positivism", with its roots in Auguste Comte, invoked a materialist metaphysic that empiricists need not embrace. He regarded Wittgenstein as a philosopher with a genius for stating philosophical insights in striking and memorable language, but believed that Wittgenstein (or at least, the Wittgenstein of the Tractatus) made claims which could only be supported by recourse to metaphysics. To Hempel, metaphysics were anathema, involving claims to know things which were not knowable, that is, advancing hypotheses incapable of tending to be confirmed or disconfirmed by evidence.

In 2005 the City of Oranienburg renamed a street to "Carl-Gustav-Hempel-Straße".

Bibliography

Main Works:

*1936 Über den Gehalt von Wahrscheinlichkeitsaussagen
*1936 Der Typusbegriff im Licht der neuen Logik mit Paul Oppenheim
*1942 The Function of General Laws in History
*1943 Studies in the Logic of Confirmation
*1959 The Logic of Functional Analysis
*1965 Aspects of Scientific Explanation
*1966 Philosophy of Natural Science,
*1967 Scientific Explanation

Essays:

*Aspects of Scientific Explanation and Other Essays, 1965, ISBN 0-02-914340-3
*Selected Philosophical Essays, 2000, ISBN 0-521-62475-4
*The Philosophy of Carl G. Hempel: Studies in Science, Explanation, and Rationality, 2001, ISBN 0-19-512136-8

"This article is in large part a translation from the Article on Carl Gustav Hempel on the German wikipedia site."

ee also

*Hempel's Dilemma
*Raven paradox

External links

* [http://www.iep.utm.edu/h/hempel.htm Carl Gustav Hempel at the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
* [http://www.lawrence.edu/fast/boardmaw/Hempel_Emp_Crit.html "Problems and Changes in the Empiricist Criterion of Meaning" by Carl G. Hempel]
* [http://www.princeton.edu/pr/news/97/q4/1112-hempel.html Carl G. Hempel obituary by the Princeton University Office of Communications]


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  • Carl Gustav Hempel — (* 8. Januar 1905 in Oranienburg; † 9. November 1997 in Princeton, New Jersey) war ein deutscher Philosoph in der Tradition des logischen Positivismus. Er hat zusammen mit Paul Oppenheim das Hempel Oppenheim Schema (DN Modell) der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Gustav Hempel — (né le 8 janvier 1905 à Oranienburg, Allemagne, mort le 9 novembre 1997 à Princeton, New Jersey) était un philosophe des sciences et une figure majeure de l empirisme logique au cours du XXe siècle. Il est particulièrement bien connu pour l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carl G. Hempel — Carl Gustav Hempel (* 8. Januar 1905 in Oranienburg; † 9. November 1997 in Princeton, New Jersey) war ein deutscher Philosoph in der Tradition des logischen Positivismus. Hempel hat zusammen mit Paul Oppenheim das Hempel Oppenheim Schema (DN… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hempel, Carl Gustav — ▪ American philosopher born January 8, 1905, Oranienburg, Germany died November 9, 1997, Princeton township, New Jersey, U.S.       German born American philosopher, formerly a member of the Berlin school of Logical Positivism, a group that… …   Universalium

  • Hempel, Carl Gustav — (1905– ) Philosopher of science. Hempel was born in Orianenberg, Germany, and went to the United States in the 1930s. He taught from 1939 at New York, Yale, Princeton, and Pittsburgh. His work on the nature of explanation and the structure of… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Carl Hempel — Carl Gustav Hempel (* 8. Januar 1905 in Oranienburg; † 9. November 1997 in Princeton, New Jersey) war ein deutscher Philosoph in der Tradition des logischen Positivismus. Hempel hat zusammen mit Paul Oppenheim das Hempel Oppenheim Schema (DN… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Hempel — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Carl Gustav Hempel (Oranienburg, 1905 Princeton Township, Nueva Jersey, 1997), filósofo empirista lógico y epistemólogo. Se nacionalizó estadounidense. Fue el fundador del Modelo Nomológico Deductivo de las ciencias …   Wikipedia Español

  • Carl Hempel — Carl Gustav Hempel Carl Gustav Hempel (né le 8 janvier 1905 à Oranienburg, Allemagne, mort le 9 novembre 1997 à Princeton, New Jersey) était un philosophe des sciences et une figure majeure de l empirisme logique au cours du XXe siècle. Il est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hempel — Carl Gustav Hempel Carl Gustav Hempel (né le 8 janvier 1905 à Oranienburg, Allemagne, mort le 9 novembre 1997 à Princeton, New Jersey) était un philosophe des sciences et une figure majeure de l empirisme logique au cours du XXe siècle. Il est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hempel (Familienname) — Hempel ist ein Familienname patronymischen Ursprungs. Der Familienname Hempel beziehungsweise Hampel geht auf den süddeutschen Taufnamen Heimpel zurück, der wiederum eine Kurz oder Koseform des altdeutschen Heimprecht darstellt, der sich aus den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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