Eleonor Gonzaga (1598–1655)


Eleonor Gonzaga (1598–1655)

"For other women of the same name, see Eleanor Gonzaga"Eleonore Gonzaga, Italian: Eleonora Gonzaga (23 September 1598 - 27 June 1655), was the wife of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.

Born in Mantua in 1598, Eleonora was the youngest daughter of duke Vincenzo I of Gonzaga of Mantua and Eleonora de' Medici.

Eleonora spent her childhood at the court of Mantua. Famous for her singular beauty, she married Ferdinand in Innsbruck on February 2, 1622, whose previous wife Maria Anna of Bavaria had died in 1616. But the family Gonzaga did not — as expected — profit from this connection, because some counsellors of Ferdinand declined this marriage. The troops of the Emperor even captured and destroyed the capital Mantua in the War of the Mantuan Succession (in 1630).

The papal Nuncio Caraffa described Eleonora not only as beautiful but also as pious. For example she established Carmelite convents in both Graz and Vienna.

The royal couple had no children, but Eleonora became stepmother to Ferdinand's four surviving children from his previous marriage.

Eleonora died in Vienna in 1655 and was first buried in the Carmelite convent of the Austrian capital until her body was transported in 1782 into the St. Stephen's Cathedral of the same city.

References

* Brigitte Hamann: "Die Habsburger". 1988, p. 78f.

Portraits of Eleonore Gonzaga

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  • Eleonor Gonzaga — Eleonora Gonzaga may refer to:* Eleonore Gonzaga (1598–1655), daughter of Vincenzo I Gonzaga and Eleonora de Medici; second wife of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor * Eleanor Gonzaga (1630–1686), great niece of the previous, the daughter of Maria …   Wikipedia

  • Элеонора Гонзага (1598—1655) — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Элеонора Гонзага (значения). Элеонора Гонзага …   Википедия

  • Eleonora Gonzaga — Prinzessin Eleonora Gonzaga (* 23. September 1598 in Mantua; † 27. Juni 1655 in Wien) war die jüngste Tochter von Vincenzo I. Gonzaga, Herzog von Mantua und Montferrat und Eleonore de’ Medici, Prinzessin der Toskana. Ihre Kind …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551–1608) — For other people named Maria Anna of Bavaria, see Maria Anna of Bavaria (disambiguation). Maria Anna of Bavaria Archduchess consort of Austria Tenure 26 August 1571 – 10 July 1590 …   Wikipedia


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