European Union-Turkey Customs Union


European Union-Turkey Customs Union

On 31 December 1995 the customs union between Turkey and the European Union came into effect. Goods can travel between the two entities without any customs restrictions. The Customs Union does not cover essential economic areas, such as agriculture, to which bilateral trade concessions apply, services or public procurement. The EU-Turkey Customs Union is one of the steps towards full Turkish membership of the European Union itself.

Full European Union membership

Turkey has been an associate member of the European Community (EC) since 1964, following the signing in 1963 of the Ankara Agreement (EEC-Turkey Association Agreement (1963)) with the EEC, and it has always been Turkey's desire to become a full member of the European Community. Turkey applied for full membership in 1987.

The decision to consider Turkey's application was deferred until 1993, because the European Community was in the process of becoming the even (politically and economically) tighter European Union. The fall of the Soviet Union and German reunification delayed the decision on Turkish membership even more. During those years the European Community had also become reluctant to consider Turkey's application, because a majority of the member States of the European Community objected to full Turkish membership for economic, social, and political reasons.

At the Helsinki summit in December 1999 Turkey was finally given the status of a candidate country. At the end of 2004, the European Commission has issued a report with positive recommendations to the European Council, indicating the degree of compliance by Turkey of the Copenhagen political criteria. On this basis, the European Council has decided to start accession negotiations with Turkey on 3 October 2005.

Euro-Mediterranean free trade area

Finally, Turkey is also member of the Euro-Mediterranean partnership and as such should conclude free trade agreements with all other Mediterranean partners, with a view to the creation of a Euro-Mediterranean free trade area in 2010

See also

* EU Customs Unions with Andorra and San Marino

Turkey topics


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • European Union — 1. an association of European nations formed in 1993 for the purpose of achieving political and economic integration. Formerly known as the European Economic Community, the European Union s member states are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland,… …   Universalium

  • European Union Customs Union — The European Union Customs Union is a Customs union which consists of all European Union member states. No customs are levied on goods travelling within the Customs Union. Unlike a Free trade area, members of the Customs Union impose a common… …   Wikipedia

  • European Union Association Agreement — A European Union Association Agreement (for short, Association Agreement or AA) is a treaty between the European Union (EU) and a non EU country that creates a framework for co operation between them. Areas frequently covered by such agreements… …   Wikipedia

  • Internal Market (European Union) — European Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the European Union …   Wikipedia

  • List of diplomatic missions of the European Union —   European Union …   Wikipedia

  • Accession of Turkey to the European Union — Infobox EU accession bid status = Candidate nation = Turkey national denonym = Turkish chapters opened = 10 chapters closed = 1 national GDP PPP = 941.584 national area total = 783,562 national population = 70,586,256 website =… …   Wikipedia

  • Accession of Croatia to the European Union — Croatian EU accession bid …   Wikipedia

  • History of the European Union — This article is part of a series …   Wikipedia

  • Special member state territories and the European Union — Map of European Union in the world (with overseas countries and territories (OCT) and outermost regions (OMR)) Several European Union member states have special territories which, for historical, geographical, or political reasons, enjoy special… …   Wikipedia

  • Special Member State territories and the European Union — Map of European Union in the worldlegend|#078002|Overseas countries and territoriesAs of 2007 the European Union has 27 member states, most of which participate in all EU policy areas and programs or have signed up to do so. However EU law does… …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.