- Kilwa Kisiwani
Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara
State Party =
Type = Cultural
Criteria = iii
ID = 144
Region = Africa
Year = 1981
Session = 5th
Danger = 2004
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/144
Kilwa Kisiwani is a community on an
islandoff the coast of East Africa, in present day Tanzania.
In the 9th century it was sold to a trader
Ali bin Al-Hasanand over the following centuries it grew to be a major cityand trading centre along that coast, and inland as far as Zimbabwe. Trade was mainly in goldand ironfrom Zimbabwe, ivoryand slaves from Tanzania, and textiles, jewellery, porcelain, and spices from Asia.
By the 12th century, under the rule of the
Mahdalifamily, Kilwa had become the most powerful city on the East African coast, and its influence stretched as far south as Mozambique. Abu Abdullah Ibn Battuta recorded his visit to the city around 1330, and commented favorably on the humility and religion of its ruler, Sultan al-Hasan ibn Sulaiman. From this period date the construction of the Palace of Husuni Kubwaand a significant extension to the Great Mosque of Kilwa.
In the early 16th century,
Vasco da Gamaextorted tribute from the wealthy Islamic state, but not soon after, another Portuguese force took control of the island (1505), and it remained in Portuguese hands until 1512, when an Arab mercenary captured Kilwa. The city regained some of its earlier prosperity, but in 1784 it came under the rule of the Omani rulers of Zanzibar. After the Omani conquest, the French built and manned a fort at the northern tip of the island, but the city itself was abandoned in the 1840s. It was later part of the colony of German East Africafrom 1886 to 1918.
Serious archeological investigation began in the 1950s. In 1981 it was declared a
World Heritage Site, and noted visitor sites are the Great Mosque, the Mkutini Palaceand some remarkable ruins.
Inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger: 2004. There is a serious rapid deterioration of the archaeological and monumental heritage of these two islands due to various agents like erosion and vegetation. The eastern section of the Palace of Husuni Kubwa is progressively disappearing. The damage to the soil caused by rainwater wash is accentuating the risks of collapse of the remaining structures on the edge of the cliff. The vegetation that proliferates on the cliff has limited the progression of the rain-wash effect, but also causes the break-up of the masonry structures. The
World Monuments Fundincluded Kilwa on its 2008 Watch List of 100 Most Endangered Sites because of the threat of climate change to the site.
The town is located within the
Kilwa Districtof the Lindi Region.
It is possible to visit the island of Kilwa Kisiwani and see the remains. The coastal town of Kilwa Masoko can be reached by bus from Dar Es Salaam, and is served by
Coastal Aviation. There are numerous basic guesthouses and at least two tourist hotels there. Kilwa Masoko is also served A permit is needed to visit Kisiwani itself, and can be easily obtained from the local government building on the main road in Kilwa Masoko. Once the permit has been obtained it's easy to arrange dhowtransport over the narrow channel to Kisiwani. There are information boards installed near all the remains, labeling the various features (in Kiswahili) and it should be easy to find them all alone.
* [http://www.aluka.org/action/showCompilationPage?doi=10.5555%2FAL.CH.COMPILATION.HERITAGE-SITE.KILWA+KISIWANI Kilwa Kisiwani Site Page from the Aluka Digital Library]
* [http://wmf.org/watch2008/watch.php?id=S8393 World Monuments Fund Watch Page for Kilwa]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kilwa Kisiwani — Géographie Pays Tanzanie Archipel … Wikipédia en Français
Kilwa kisiwani — Géographie Pays Tanzanie Archipel … Wikipédia en Français
Kilwa Kisiwani — Kilwa Kisiwani, Kilwa Kiswani, Koralleninsel an der Küste Südtansanias, mit den Ruinen (UNESCO Weltkulturerbe) der Stadt Kilwa, die vom 12. bis 15. Jahrhundert als schönste Stadt Ostafrikas galt. Kilwa stieg innerhalb der islamischen, arabisch… … Universal-Lexikon
Kilwa Kisiwani — Ruinas de Kilwa Kisiwani y de Songo Mnara Nombre descrito en la Lista del Pat … Wikipedia Español
Kilwa Kisiwani — Das Fort am Ufer von Kilwa Kisiwani Die Ruinen der ehemaligen Hafenstadt Kilwa Kisiwani (von swahili Kilwa auf der Insel, historische Schreibweise auch portugiesisch Quiloa) liegen ca. 280 km südlich von Dar es Salaam in der Region Lindi im… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kilwa (Kisiwani) — Historical Islamic city state, located on an island off the coast of what is now southern Tanzania. It became one of the most active commercial centres on the eastern coast of Africa by 1100, and gold coins were minted there. After being held… … Universalium
Kilwa (Kisiwani) — Antigua ciudad–estado islámica, localizada en una isla cercana a la costa de lo que hoy es el sur de Tanzania. En 1100 llegó a ser uno de los centros de comercio más activos de la costa oriental de África, donde incluso se acuñaban monedas de oro … Enciclopedia Universal
Kilwa Kisiwani und Songo Mnara — Das Fort am Ufer von Kilwa Kisiwani Die Ruinen der ehemaligen Hafenstadt Kilwa Kisiwani (von swahili Kilwa auf der Insel, historische Schreibweise auch portugiesisch Quiloa) liegen ca. 280 km südlich von Dar es Salaam in der Region Lindi im… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kilwa Kivinje — ist eine Küstenstadt am Indischen Ozean in Tansania. Sie hat 13.374 Einwohner (Zählung 2002). Geschichte Die Stadt entstand als arabische Siedlung nach der Zerstörung großer Teile des etwa 15 km südlich gelegenen Kilwa Kisiwani durch die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kilwa — most likely refers to Kilwa Kisiwani and Kilwa Masoka, a historic island settlement and a mainland town in Tanzania, facing each other across an inlet in Mso Bay, about 240 km south of Dar es Salaam. The name is also used for:* Kilwa District of… … Wikipedia