- Symphony No. 5 (Bruckner)
Infobox Bruckner Symphony
title = Symphony No. 5 in B flat major
dedication = Carl von Stremayr
composed = 1875 - 1876
1877 - 1878
Franz Schalk, 8 April 1894, Graz
first_published = 1896 (ed. Schalk)
other_editions = ed. Robert Haas, 1935
ed. Leopold Nowak, 1951
Karl Böhm, Dresden Staatskapelle, 1937The Symphony No. 5 in B flat major (WAB 105) of Anton Brucknerwas written in 1875–6, with a few minor changes over the next few years. It was first performed in public on two pianos by Joseph Schalkand Franz Zottmannon 20 April 1887at the "Bösendorfersaal" in Vienna.citation
contribution=Bruckner in Vienna
title=The Cambridge Companion to Bruckner
publisher=Cambridge University Press
isbn=0521008786] The first orchestral performance was conducted by
Franz Schalkin Grazon 8 April 1894(Bruckner was sick and unable to attend: he never heard this symphony performed by an orchestra). It was dedicated to Karl von Stremayr, minister of education in the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The symphony is occasionally referred to as the "Tragic," "Church of Faith," or "Pizzicato" symphony.
The symphony was written at a time of much trouble and disillusionment during the composer's life, a court suit (from which he was exonerated), a reduction in salary. It is not outwardly a work of storm and stress, but it is a piece of "working out", one of his most contrapuntally intricate works.
It has four movements:
#"Introduction (Adagio) — Allegro."
#"Adagio. Sehr langsam."
Scherzo. Molto vivace" D minor.
#"Finale (Adagio) — Allegro
moderato." B-flat major.
The Scherzo is the only movement that does not begin with pizzicato strings, hence the nickname "Pizzicato".
The work begins with a majestic slow introduction, which progresses into a main movement in
sonata formwhose opening theme in B-flat hints also at G-flat. Like much of Bruckner's music the exposition of this movement has three main key regions instead of the usual two.
The main material of the slow movement and scherzo are very similar, heard of course at different
tempos and launching different developments.
The finale opens in the same way as the first movement, but veers off soon to gradually introduce new material which becomes the source of the themes of the "Allegro
moderato", another sonata form which contains in its course fugal and choralesections of elaborate counterpoint.
The symphony is the only one of Bruckner's nine that begins with a slow introduction. However, all the others except the C minor first begin with sections that are like introductions "in-tempo", easing into the main material like the opening of Beethoven's Ninth.
This earliest version of the score has not survived fully and no recordings have been made of it. Some passages have been reconstructed in a
MIDIfile [http://www.geocities.com/dkgriegel/versions.html] .
This is the version normally performed. It exists in editions by
Robert Haas(published 1935) and Leopold Nowak(published 1951) which are almost identical.
1896 first published version (Schalk)
The first published version (which was also the version heard at the work's premiere) was edited by
Franz Schalk. It is unclear exactly how much of the difference between the 1878 and 1896 versions was due to Bruckner and how much to Schalk, but it is generally agreed that most of the changes were unapproved by Bruckner and inauthentic. Schalk generally made Bruckner's music sound more Wagnerian, mainly by means of reorchestration. The most obvious differences occur in the coda of the Finale. In the last few pages, Schalk adds triangle and cymbals, and an offstage brass band. Schalk also made several cuts, mostly in the Finale.
The only recordings of this version are by
Hans Knappertsbusch, Leon Botsteinand Noguchi, together with the recording premiere of the scherzo by Dol Dauber(see Discography below). All other recordings are of 1878 version in either the Haas or Nowak edition.
The symphony requires an instrumentation of one pair each
flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons, with four horns, three trumpets, three trombones and one tubaalong with timpaniand strings (the "Wagner tuba", an instrument Wagner used in his operas and which no longer exists in the form originally designed, was not requested by Bruckner until his last few symphonies). Also note that, in its original form, the symphony was scored without a bass tuba. This was added in 1878, at the same time that Bruckner added a tuba to the fourth symphony.
The first commercial recording of part of the symphony was made by
Dol Dauberwith his salon orchestrain 1928for HMV. It included only the scherzo, in an arrangement of the Schalk edition.
The first commercial recording of the complete symphony was made by
Karl Böhmwith the Dresden Staatskapellein 1937. It, and nearly every subsequent recording, has used either the Haas or Nowak editions. Norman Lebrechthas singled out Georg Tintner's recording with the Royal Scottish National Orchestraon Naxos Recordsas #92 in his list of the 100 best recordings of the century, and credits it (along with Tintner's other Bruckner recordings) with changing critics' dismissive attitude towards Naxos. It was Tintner's first Bruckner recording and Lebrecht says "It actually sounds as if Tintner had been waiting all of his life to give this performance." [Norman Lebrecht, "Masterpieces: 100 Milestones of the Recorded Century" "The Life and Death of Classical Music". New York: Anchor Books (2007): 266 - 267]
Also noteworthy is
Bernard Haitinkconducting the Concertgebouw Orchestra, studio recording, 1972 (Philips) [Ottaway, Hugh, "Record Reviews: Bruckner Symphony No. 5. Concertgebouw Orchestra/Haitink" (September 1972). "The Musical Times", 113 (1555): pp. 874-875.]
Of the recordings of the Schalk version,
Leon Botstein's studio recording conducting the London Philharmonic Orchestra, released by Telarc in 1998, is the most recent.
*IMSLP2|id=Symphony_No.5_in_B_flat_major_%28Bruckner%2C_Anton%29|cname=Symphony No. 5
* [http://www.dlib.indiana.edu/variations/scores/aer3908/index.html Full score (Haas edition)] from the Indiana University School of Music
* [http://www.netaxs.com/~jgreshes/mahler/brucknerbio.html Bruckner biography] Refers to the fifth symphony's composition
* [http://www.geocities.com/immortalbruckner/sym5.html Page on the Symphony from a Bruckner site]
* [http://abruckner.com/discography/symphonyno5/ Complete discography]
* [http://www.geocities.com/dkgriegel/versions.html Bruckner symphony versions]
* [http://www.abruckner.com/downloads/dauberscherzo/ MP3 of the first recording of this symphony, by Dol Dauber]
* [http://www.americansymphony.org/dialogues_extensions/94_95season/4th_concert/leon.cfm A pro-Schalk article about the symphony]
* [http://www.cso.org/main.taf?p=5,5,4,5 A strongly anti-Schalk article (scroll down)]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Symphony No. 0 (Bruckner) — “Symphony No. 0 in D minor” Dedication none Composed 1869 Premiere F. Moissl, 12 October 1924, Klosterneuenburg First published 1924 (ed. Wöss) Other editions ed. Leopold Nowak, 1968 First recording … Wikipedia
Symphony No. 8 (Bruckner) — Infobox Bruckner Symphony title = Symphony No. 8 in C minor dedication = Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria composed = 1884 1887 1889 1890 1892 composition ended = March 1890 first performance = Hans Richter, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, 18… … Wikipedia
Symphony No. 4 (Bruckner) — Infobox Bruckner Symphony title = Symphony No. 4 in E flat major ( Romantic ) dedication = Prince Konstantin of Hohenlohe Schillingsfürst composed = 1873 1874 1878 1880 1887 1888 first performance = Hans Richter, 20 February 1881, Vienna… … Wikipedia
Symphony No. 1 (Bruckner) — Infobox Bruckner Symphony title = Symphony No. 1 in C minor dedication = University of Vienna composed = 1865 1866 (Linz version) 1890 1891 (Vienna version) 1893 (first edition) first performance = Bruckner conducting, 9 May 1868, Linz first… … Wikipedia
Symphony No. 9 (Bruckner) — Infobox Bruckner Symphony title = Symphony No. 9 in D minor dedication = God composed = 1887 1896 (unfinished) first performance = Ferdinand Löwe, 11 February 1903, Vienna first published = 1903 (ed. Löwe) other editions = ed. Alfred Orel, 1932… … Wikipedia
Symphony No. 3 (Bruckner) — Infobox Bruckner Symphony title = Symphony No. 3 in D minor dedication = Richard Wagner composed = 1872 1873 1876 1877 1888 1889 composition ended = 1889 first performance = Bruckner conducting, 16 December 1877, Vienna first published = 1890… … Wikipedia
Symphony No. 7 (Bruckner) — Infobox Bruckner Symphony title = Symphony No. 7 in E major dedication = Ludwig II of Bavaria composed = 1881 1883 1885 first performance = Arthur Nikisch, 30 December 1884, Stadttheater, Leipzig first published = 1885 other editions = ed. Robert … Wikipedia
Symphony No. 2 (Bruckner) — Infobox Bruckner Symphony title = Symphony No. 2 in C minor dedication = none composed = 1871 1872 1875 1876 1890 composition ended = 1876 first performance = Bruckner conducting, 20 February 1876, Vienna Philharmonic, Vienna first published =… … Wikipedia
Symphony No. 6 (Bruckner) — Infobox Bruckner Symphony title = Symphony No. 6 in A major dedication = Anton von Oelzelt Newein and his wife Amy composed = 1879 1881 first performance = Gustav Mahler, 26 February 1899, Vienna Philhamonic, Vienna first published = 1899 (ed.… … Wikipedia
Symphony No. 0 — Among the pieces of music with the title Symphony No. 0 are:* Symphony No. 0 (Bruckner) ( Nullte ), WAB 100, by Anton Bruckner. * Symphony No. 0 (Schnittke), van Rijen opus 17, by Alfred Schnittke in 1957.;Or * Study Symphony, WAB 99, also by… … Wikipedia