Nie Er

Nie Er
Nie Er, Chinese composer (1912–1935)

Nie Er (simplified Chinese: 聂耳; traditional Chinese: 聶耳; pinyin: Niè Ěr) (born Nie Shouxin (simplified Chinese: 聂守信; traditional Chinese: 聶守信; pinyin: Niè Shǒuxīn) Courtesy name Ziyi (simplified Chinese: 子义 or 紫艺; traditional Chinese: 子義 or 子藝; pinyin: Zǐyì) 14 February 1912 17 July 1935), was a Chinese composer. He is known for composing the national anthem of the People's Republic of China, the March of the Volunteers. In numerous Shanghai magazines he went by the English name "George Njal".[1] A Chinese piano brand is also named after him, manufactured by Pearl River Piano Group.

Contents

Biography

Early life

Nie Er's ancestors were from Yuxi, Yunnan, in southwest China. He was born in Kunming, Yunnan. From an early age Nie Er displayed an interest in music. From 1918 he studied at the Kunming Normal School's Associated Primary School. In his spare time, he learnt to play traditional instruments such as the dizi, erhu, sanxian, and yueqin, and became the conductor of the school's Children's Orchestra. In 1922 he entered the Private Qiushi Primary School (Senior Section), and in 1925 entered Yunnan Provincial Number One Combined Middle School.

In 1927 Nie Er graduated from Yunnan Provincial Number One Combined Middle School, and entered Yunnan Provincial Number One Normal School. At school, he participated in the Book Club, and organised the "Nine-Nine Music Society", which performed within the school and outside. During this time, he learnt to play the violin and the piano.

In June 1931, Nie Er entered the "Mingyue Musical Drama Society" as a violinist. In July 1932 he published A Short Treatise on Chinese Song and Dance, in which he criticised the Drama Society's president, Li Jinhui, as a result of which he was forced to leave the society. Prior to joining the Lianhua Film Studio on November 1932, he took part in shaping the Bright Moonlight Song and Dance Troupe. He later joined the musical group of the "Friends of the Soviet Union Society". He also organised the "Chinese Contemporary Music Research Group", which participated in the Leftist Dramatist's Union. In 1933, Nie Er joined the Communist Party of China.

In April 1934, Nie Er joined the Baak Doi record company and managed the musical section. In the same year he founded the Pathé National Orchestra. This was a prolific year for Nie Er in terms of musical output. In January 1935 Nie Er became the director of the musical department of Lianhua Number Two Studio.

In April 1935, Nie Er went to Japan to meet his elder brother in Tokyo. There, he composed the March of the Volunteers, which would soon become the national anthem of China.

Death

Tomb of Nie Er in the Western Hills Forest Reserve, Kunming

On July 17, 1935, he possibly drowned while swimming in Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan, at the age of twenty-three. He may have been en route to the Soviet Union, passing through Japan to receive training, sent by the Chinese Communist Party. Some suspect that he was killed by Japanese right-wing radicals. Others suspect that he was killed by Chinese Nationalists, as he was in Japan to flee from them. However, as he disappeared while swimming with his friends, killing him was difficult, and swimming in mid-July is a bit early, so he most likely drowned. He was found by the local rescue team the following day. According to them and the police, the condition from his body was not different from that of ordinary drowned bodies.

Works

Nie Er wrote a total of 37 pieces in his life, all in the two years before his death. A significant proportion of these songs reflected working class life and struggles. He often collaborated with lyricist Tian Han.

Apart from March of the Volunteers, his other important works include:

  • Songs:
    • Graduation Song (毕业歌)
    • Progress Song (前进歌)
    • Song of the Big Road (大路歌)
    • Song of Selling Newspapers (卖报歌)
    • Pioneers (开路先锋)
    • Dock Workers' Song (码头工人歌)
    • New Woman (新女性)
    • Flying Flowers (飞花歌)
    • Village Girl of the Steppes (塞外村女)
    • Farewell South Seas (告别南洋)
  • Opera Storm on the Yangtze (扬子江暴风雨)
  • Instrumental pieces:
    • Spring Dawn on the Green Lake (翠湖春晓)
    • Dance of the Golden Snake (), arranged from the last fast section of the Jiangnan sizhu piece "Yang Ba Qu" 阳八曲 (Yáng Bā Qǔ, "Yang Eight Tune"), also called Fan Wang Gong 梵王宫 (Fàn Wáng Gōng, "Fa as Mi") or 梵皇宫 (Fàn Huáng Gōng)
  • Instrumental

See also

References

  1. ^ Jones. Andrew F. [2001] (2001). Yellow Music - CL: Media Culture and Colonial Modernity in the Chinese Jazz Age. Duke University Press. ISBN 0822326949

External links


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См. также в других словарях:

  • nie — nie …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • nie —  nie …   Hochdeutsch - Plautdietsch Wörterbuch

  • nie ma — nie było, nie będzie forma nieosobowa zaprzeczona czasownika być 1. «w połączeniu z rzeczownikami (lub odpowiednikami rzeczowników) zwykle w dopełniaczu tworzy zwroty oznaczające nieistnienie, brak czegoś, nieznajdowanie się w określonym miejscu …   Słownik języka polskiego

  • nie — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}mod. {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} tym wyrazem mówiący oświadcza, że nie istnieje stan rzeczy, o którym mowa:a) w połączeniu z czasownikami zaprzecza danej czynności, stanowi, procesowi :… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • nie ma — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}cz. nos, nie było, nie będzie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} nie istnieje, nie występuje : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Nie ma kwadratowych kół. W Europie nie ma już lwów. Twierdzić, że Boga nie ma.… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • nie — Adv; 1 zu keiner Zeit ↔ immer <nie lügen; nie Zeit haben; etwas nie ganz verstehen>: Ich werde nie vergessen, wie schön der Urlaub war 2 kein einziges Mal: Er war noch nie in London; Er hat mich noch nie betrogen; Sie ist verliebt wie nie… …   Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache

  • Nie — Nie, ein verneinendes Nebenwort der Zeit, zu keiner Zeit, niemahls, im Gegensatze des je; so wohl von einer vergangenen als künftigen Zeit. Ich habe noch nie gesehen, den Gerechten verlassen, Ps. 37, 25. Es ist mir nie in den Sinn kommen, Jer. 32 …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • nie ma co — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}cz. odm. jak cz. mieć, pot. {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} nie warto : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Nie ma co marzyć o podwyżce. Nie było co się tak denerwować. Nie macie co tu czekać. Nie masz co prosić, nic nie dostaniesz. Nie mamy co się… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Nie Er — Nie Er, compositeur chinois (1912 1935) Nie Er (Chinois traditionnel : 聶耳 ; Chinois simplifié : 聂耳 ; Pinyin : Niè Ĕr) (né Nie Shouxin (Chinois traditionnel : 聶守信 ; Chinois simplifié : 聂守信 ;… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nie — Caractéristiques Longueur 26 km Bassin  ? Bassin collecteur Charente Débit moyen …   Wikipédia en Français


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