- Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service
Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service (QARNNS) is the
nursingbranch of the British Royal Navy. Its personnel work alongside the Royal Navy Medical Branch.
1 January 2006, according to former Ministry of Defence junior minister Don Touhig, QARNNS had a total strength of 240 Naval Nurses and 90 Nursing Officers. [ [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200506/cmhansrd/vo060316/text/60316w15.htm Hansard, 16 March 2006] ]
In 1883, a committee determined that improvements were needed in medical and nursing care in the Royal Navy. As such, in 1884, a uniformed Naval Nursing Service was introduced, staffed by trained nurses. These nurses served on shore, initially at
Haslarand Plymouth. [http://www.royal-navy.mod.uk/server/show/nav.3790 Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service at the Royal Navy website] ]
Alexandra of Denmark, the queen consortof Edward VII of the United Kingdom, became President of the Nursing Staff; in her honour, the Naval Nursing service was renamed Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service.
Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service Reserve was established on
13 October 1910. ["Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service Reserve", " The Times", 4 January 1911]
In 1914, with the outbreak of the
First World War, QARNNS was significantly expanded, with many volunteers from the British Red Crossand civilian hospitals; similarly, during the Second World War, many volunteer QARNNS nurses were deployed overseas.
In 1949 a nursing branch of the
Women's Royal Naval Servicewas formed; however, in 1960 these nurses were integrated into QARNNS, creating a single nursing service. In 1982 an integrated service was formed, allowing men to serve as nurses in QARNNS. The first man to join was Senior Nursing Officer Rajendrasen Purusrum, who was commissioned on 1 March 1983.
Although fully affiliated to the Royal Navy from 1977, QARNNS was technically a separate service until
31 March 2000, when it officially became part of the Royal Navy.
Queen Alexandra was President until her death in 1925. The following year she was succeeded by Queen Mary.
Princess Alexandrabecame Patron in 1955.
Initially there were only two ranks: Nursing Sister and Head Sister. In 1911 the intermediate rank of Superintending Sister was introduced. ["The Medical Service of the Navy", "The Times",
28 June 1911] There was no overall head of the service until the introduction of the rank of Head Sister-in-Chief on 1 August 1927. By 1937 Head Sister and Head Sister-in-Chief had been renamed Matron and Matron-in-Chief.
The ranking system changed during the Second World War.
Ratings, known as Naval Nurses, were introduced in 1960, with the integration of the WRNS nurses. Their ranking system was similar to that of Royal Navy ratings.
In 1982, in preparation for the introduction of male officers, the Nursing Officers' ranking system was changed.
In 1995, QARNNS switched to RN ranks.
List of Head Sisters-in-Chief/Matrons-in-Chief QARNNS
Margaret Keenan, 1927–?
Mildred Hughes, ?–1934
Catherine Renwick, 1934–1937
*B. M. Martin, 1937–1940
*A. Ralph, 1940–1941
*Dame Doris Beale, 1941–1944
Matilda Goodrich, 1944–1947
Olga Franklin, 1947–1950
Jeannie Gillanders, 1950–1953
Kathleen Chapman, 1953–1956
Barbara Nockolds, 1956–1959
*H. Moore, 1959–1962
Joan Woodgate, 1962–1966
Mary Fetherston-Dilke, 1966–1970
Christina Thompson, 1970–1973
Cynthia Cooke, 1973–1976
Patricia Gould, 1976–1980
Margaret Collins, 1980–1983
Jean Robertson, 1983–1986
*E. M. Northway, 1986–?
*Captain Patricia Hambling, 1996–?
*Captain Lynne Gibbon
Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps
Princess Mary's Royal Air Force Nursing Service
* [http://www.qarnnsratings.cwc.net/ Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service Ratings Association]
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