Sovietization is term that may be used with two distinct (but related) meanings:
*the adoption of a political system based on the model of soviets (workers' councils).
*the adoption of a way of life and mentality modelled after the
The term was one of numerous "-ation" buzzwords in Soviet phraseology, along with electrification, collectivization,
A notable wave of Sovietization (in the second meaning) occurred during and after
World War IIin Eastern Europe. In a broad sense, this included (mostly not voluntary) adoption of Soviet-like institutions, laws, customs, traditions and the Soviet way of life, both on a national level and in smaller communities. This was usually promoted and speeded up by propagandaaimed at creating a common way of life in all states within the Soviet sphere of influence. In many cases, Sovietization was also accompanied by forced resettlement of large categories of " class enemies" ( kulaks, or " osadniks", for instance) to the Gulag labor camps and exile settlements. [cite book | author =various authors | coauthors = | title =Demography and National Security | year =2001 | editor =Myron Weiner, Sharon Stanton Russell | pages =308-315 | chapter =Stalinist Forced Relocation Policies | chapterurl =http://books.google.com/books?ie=UTF-8&vid=ISBN157181339X&id=J9nuv7MGQ5MC&pg=PA309&lpg=PA309&dq=Sovietization&sig=QTVI52AN1LIHVn13mJYNqUyNCNw | publisher =Berghahn Books | location = | id =ISBN 1-57181-339-X| url = | format = | accessdate = ]
In a narrow sense, the term "Sovietization" is often applied to mental and social changes within the population of the Soviet Union and its satellites [pl icon cite book | author =
Józef Tischner| coauthors = | title =Etyka solidarności oraz Homo sovieticus | year =2005 | editor = | pages =295 | chapter = | chapterurl = | publisher =Znak | location =Kraków | id =ISBN 83-240-0588-9 | url = | format = | accessdate = ] which led to creation of the " new Soviet man" (according to its supporters) or " Homo Sovieticus" (according to its critics). [ cite book | author = Aleksandr Zinovyev| coauthors = | title =Homo sovieticus | year =1986 | editor = | pages = | chapter = | chapterurl = | publisher =Grove/Atlantic | location = | id =ISBN 0-87113-080-7 | url = | format = | accessdate = ]
Most recently the term "Sovietization" is applied in a derogatory sense to processes in
Russiaunder Putin, with various authors putting various, often mutually contradictory, meanings in the word referring to various attributes of the former Soviet Union.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
sovietization — ˌsōvēə̇d.]ə̇ˈzāshən, ə̇t], ]ˌīˈz noun ( s) Usage: often capitalized : conversion to the Soviet system Russian leadership still seeks security for the Soviet fatherland … through undermining of the capitalistic and socialistic democracies and… … Useful english dictionary
sovietization — noun see sovietize … New Collegiate Dictionary
sovietization — See sovietize. * * * … Universalium
Sovietization — noun The act or process of Sovietizing … Wiktionary
sovietization — so·vi·et·iza·tion … English syllables
Sovietize — Sovietization, n. /soh vee i tuyz /, v.t., Sovietized, Sovietizing. 1. (sometimes l.c.) to bring under the influence or domination of the Soviet Union. 2. (often l.c.) to impose or institute a system of government similar to that of the Soviet… … Universalium
Eastern Bloc — Map of the Eastern Bloc … Wikipedia
Occupation of Poland (1939–1945) — Occupation of Poland redirects here. For other uses, see Occupation of Poland (disambiguation). For general history of Poland during that period, see History of Poland (1939–1945). Fourth Partition of Poland aftermath of the The Nazi Soviet Pact; … Wikipedia
History of Poland (1939–1945) — History of Poland This article is part of a series Chronology List of Polish monarchs … Wikipedia
Nakhchivan — This article is about the autonomous region. For its capital city, see Nakhchivan City. For the Armenian settlement of Nor Nakchivan, see New Nakhichevan. Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası … Wikipedia