- Seaford, Delaware
name = City of Seaford
category = City
nickname = Youth Sports Capital (official)
nickname1 = Nylon Capital of the World (historical)
country = United States
state = Delaware
region_type = County
region = Sussex
area_imperial = 3.5
area_land_imperial = 3.46
area_water_imperial = 0.04
area_round = 1
lat_d = 38
lat_m = 38
lat_s = 41
lat_NS = N
long_d = 75
long_m = 36
long_s = 58
long_EW = W
elevation_round = 1
population_as_of = 2000
population = 6699
population_density_imperial = 1925.9
established_type = Incorporated
April 6, 1865
mayor = Edward H. Butler, Jr.
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
postal_code = 19973
area_code = 302
map_caption = Location of Seaford in Delaware
map_locator = Delaware
map1 = Map of USA DE.svg
map1_caption = Location of Delaware in the United States
website = [http://www.seafordde.com/ www.seafordde.com]
Seaford is a city located along the
Nanticoke Riverin Sussex County, Delaware. According to the 2000 Census Bureau figures, the population of the city is 6,997 [ [http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/10000.html] , Delaware QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau November 5, 2007.] . It the principal city of the Seaford Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Sussex County.
It is the largest city in Sussex county and was voted the 28th Best Small Town in America. [Crampton, N. (1996). The 100 Best Small Towns in America. New York, New York: Prentice Hall.] Fact|date=May 2007. It hosted the Seaford Eagles of the
Eastern Shore Baseball League.
From [http://www.seafordde.com/history.cfm Seaford's Rich History]
Exploration by Europeans
The land at the head of the Nanticoke River has long been inhabited by mankind. The Nanticoke Indians and their ancestors have lived along the river for over 6,000 years. The first record of a European to explore the head of the Nanticoke, however, was in 1608 when
Captain John Smithset out exploring the Chesapeake Bayand its tributaries. There is no evidence that Smith made it all the way to present day Seaford on that first voyage, however he certainly explored much of the surrounding area. Development along the Nanticoke River was slow partly due to friction that developed between the Nanticoke Indians and the English settlers. Once the conflicts were resolved, development in the area flourished.
All land in current western and southern Sussex County was first settled as part of Maryland. Seaford, along with Bridgeville, Greenwood, Middleford, and others, were all part of Dorchester County in the
Province of Maryland. Blades, Laurel, and Concord areas, on the other hand, were part of Somerset County. The area shows a definite link with the British Isles. The majority of the settlers into the Seaford area came from England; but Ireland, Wales, and Scotland are well represented. It is reported that an error in a map coordinate resulted in the east-west line of Delaware being from current Delmar to Fenwick. The original agreement had the east-west line at Cape Henlopen, not at the false cape. If the line had survived, Seaford would now be in Maryland. After many years in the courts of London, the boundary lines are as the surveyors Mason and Dixon defined in 1763.
The first record of any settlement in the area around Seaford was a very large tract of land identified as "Martin's Hundred". This convert|1750|acre|km2|sing=on plot of land, bordered by the Nanticoke river and Herring Creek, was granted to
Jeremiah Jadwinof Virginia on January 22, 1672. Despite development in the area, the river was the main highway for many years. It wasn't until 1720 that roads began appearing in court records. The primary industry of the area was agriculture, particularly the cultivation of tobacco, and the style of living was plantation. In addition to agriculture, however, evidence suggests that the area east of where Seaford now resides was a very busy bog ironarea.
Governor Ross and the Civil War
Innovation in agriculture developed through the efforts of William Henry Harrison Ross. Ross became Governor of Delaware in 1850 and had extensive holdings north of Seaford. Ross was in politics throughout his adult life, holding office from January 1851 to January 1885. His principal place of residence was an Italian Renaissance style mansion (which still exists today) in present-day Seaford that he built in 1850. Only 20 acres of land remain from the plantations original size of convert|1400|acre|km2. There are many notable buildings on this property, you can find a granary, stable, smokehouse, corn cribs, and Delaware's only documented surviving slave quarters.
The Civil War brought division into the community of Seaford, but immediately after the war ended, the town received its
charterand was incorporated on April 6, 1865with a Councilman-Alderman form of government which is still in existence today.
The arrival of DuPont
materials sciencegiant DuPontacquired convert|609|acre|km2 near Seaford for a nylonproduction plant. The $8.5 million investment (and consequently the 1,400 construction-related jobs it brought) was welcomed by locals with an impromptu parade. The Seaford plant went into production on December 12, 1939and the first yarnproduced by the plant can be viewed at the Smithsonian Institutionin Washington, D.C.Bulked Continuous Filament nylon, a standard in the carpet industry, was developed at the Seaford plant in 1958. The Seaford plant employed over 4,600 employees at its peak in the late 1960s and early 1970s. By 2004, this number had dropped to about 650. Dupont later spun off the nylon fibers business (along with Lycraand other products such as Teflon) into a wholly owned subsidiary called Invista. Invista was later sold to Koch Industries, Inc.for $4.2 billion on April 30, 2004.
Seaford and drugs
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Seaford was a key hub in East coast
crack cocainedistribution; federal agents were occasionally called in to help control gang skirmishes, the gang members themselves often having come from Philadelphia, Baltimore, or Washington, D.C. The city was featured in the September 2, 1986, CBS Newsdocumentary "48 Hours on Crack Street".
Seaford is one of seven Main Street communities that participated in the Delaware Main Street Program, part of the national Main Street plan to revitalize commercial districts. The program was developed in the 1970s by the National Trust Main Street Center, [ [http://www.mainstreet.org National Trust Main Street Center] ] which was in turn a program of the
National Trust for Historic Preservation. In 1999-2000 Seaford's historic downtown area along High Street underwent major renovations, preserving the city's old fashioned charm with $1.5 million of landscaping, street paving, sidewalks, lamp posts, street lights, and utility upgrades.
Growth and flourishment still continue today as Seaford adds more quality businesses and people to its vibrant residence. The Downtown Seaford Association is an organization formed by the Downtown Businesses. This group works together to help the community. The Downtown Seaford Association sponsors such activities as the Halloween Parade and the Christmas Parade. With more than 500 retail stores and service-related businesses, a stable and respected local government, a diversity of residential developments, a modern hospital and numerous support clinics, elderly care, fine schools and churches, many youth and adult extracurricular educational and recreational programs, numerous volunteer service organizations, and Seaford's location near the most pristine river and recreational beaches on the East Coast, it is little wonder Seaford is considered such a desirable place to live, work and play. In 2005 Seaford was featured in Relocate-America's Top 100 Places to Live. [http://www.homes101.net/news/n419]
Crime in Seaford is well above the national average in most categories. In fact, Seaford's crime rate in murder, forcible rape, and aggravated assault is twice the rate of New York City while its burglary and theft rates are nearly four times higher.
Formula used for chart: ((Crimes Reported) / (Population)) X 100,000) [http://www.areaconnect.com/crime/compare.htm]
Seaford is located at coor dms|38|38|41|N|75|36|58|W|city (38.644654, -75.616107)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.5 square miles (9.1 km²), of which, 3.5 square miles (9.0 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (1.14%) is water.
Situated on the
Atlantic Coastal Plain, Seaford's weather is moderated by the Atlantic Ocean. Seaford has a mild subtropical climate consisting of hot, humid summers and mild winters. The average daytime high in July is 87°F (30.6°C) and a low of 65°F (18.3°C); in January, the average high is 44°F (6.7°C) with an average low of 25°F (-3.9°C) [ [http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/19973 Average Weather for Seaford, DE - Temperature and Precipitation ] ] The month of highest average rainfall is August with 5.59 inches (142.0 mm) of rain, while February is historically the driest month, receiving an average of only 3.17 inches (80.5 mm) of rain. [ [http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/19973 Average Weather for Seaford, DE - Temperature and Precipitation ] ]
The highest official temperature ever recorded in Seaford was 102°F (38.9°C) on July 31, 1954 [ [http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/daily/19973?climoMonth=7 Daily Averages for Seaford, DE (19973) - weather.com ] ] , while the all-time low was -13°F (-25.0°C) on January 28, 1987 [ [http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/daily/19973?climoMonth=1 Daily Averages for Seaford, DE (19973) - weather.com ] ] .
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 6,699 people, 2,629 households, and 1,664 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 1,925.9 people per square mile (743.2/km²). There were 2,809 housing units at an average density of 807.5/sq mi (311.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.04% White, 30.02% African American, 0.37% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 1.72% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.25% of the population.
There were 2,629 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.8% were married couples living together, 22.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 77.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,402, and the median income for a family was $39,688. Males had a median income of $30,467 versus $23,490 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $15,022. About 22.0% of families and 27.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.4% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.
US Route 13 is the main north-south thoroughfare within city limits, with
Delaware Route 20being the main east-west highway. US Route 13 connects Seaford with Bridgeville to the north and Laurel to the south as part of the Sussex Highway. State Route 20 connects Seaford with Millsboro to the east and tiny Reliance, Marylandto the west.
The closest airport with commercial air service to Seaford is the
Wicomico Regional Airportin Salisbury, Maryland.
Freight rail service in Seaford is provided by two carriers:
Norfolk Southernand the Maryland and Delaware Railroad. Norfolk Southern runs north-south through the city, parallel to US 13. It interchanges with the Maryland and Delaware Railroad in Seaford, which heads west to Federalsburg and Cambridge in Maryland.
Students in Seaford are offered a number of public and private school choices.
Seaford is home to the
Seaford School Districtand services children in the Seaford and Blades. The District contains four elementary schools, one middle school and one high school.
The most notable private school is [http://www.seafordchristian.org Seaford Christian Academy] .
The only radio station calling Seaford its home is WGBG 98.5 FM, which broadcasts from just outside the city limits. Calling itself [http://www.bigclassicrock.com/ BIG Rock (Delmarva's Only Classic Rock Station)] , WGBC plays primarily classic rock.
WDPB-TV 64 is the only television station originating from Seaford. It is a subsidiary of
WHYY-TV[http://www.whyy.org/] in Philadelphia and an affiliate of PBS.
Seaford is home to two weekly newspapers, "Seaford Star" and "The Leader & State Register". "Seaford Star" is a publication of Morning Star Publications, Inc., while "The Leader" is a publication of Independent Newspapers, Inc. Morning Star Publications, Inc. is owned by Seaford residents Bryant and Carol Richardson. Both newspapers retail for 50 cents per issue. The Leader is distributed free to residents each week through curbside delivery. However, The Seaford Star is a subscription based, paid publication.
Points of Interest
Seaford boasts tourism opportunities for all ages and interests.
Within the city
* Seaford Christmas Parade - The biggest Christmas Parade on the Delmarva Peninsula. It is a night time parade, on the first Saturday of December. http://www.mychristmasparade.comhas more information, including the entry form for participants.
* Kiwanis Park - a beautiful Memorial Park located on Stein Highway.
* Gateway Park - a park complete with brick sidewalks and a fountain, forming the gateway into beautiful downtown Seaford.
* Soroptimist Park - a park located on Williams Pond complete with a playground and a pavilion for parties.
* Nutter Park - named in honor of past Councilman
Henry E. Nutter, Jr.; located in east Seaford with playground equipment and basketball courts.
* Williams Pond Park - a ballpark run by the Nanticoke Little League.
* Sports Complex - the newest park; includes the newly constructed Jay's Nest, the community-built playground. One softball field has been completed to date but three more softball fields, a youth football field, youth hockey field and volleyball court are planned.
* The Jays Nest - Seaford's community built playground.
* Seaford Golf & Country Club - home to a members-only 18-hole course, pool, tennis courts and recently renovated driving range.
Nanticoke River- in downtown Seaford, the river is paralleled by the recently constructed Nanticoke River Walk.
* Seaford Museum - the Seaford Museum is located at 203 High Street in the historic former post office and serves as a repository for items of significance in the history of Seaford; collections and exhibits highlight Seaford area history from Native Americans to present day; the original map of Seaford is on display; the museum is handicapped accessible. Seaford Museum Web Site: http://www.seafordhistoricalsociety.com/index.cfm?ref=89265
* Ross Mansion and Plantation - located at 1101 North Pine Street Extended in Seaford; former residence of former Delaware Governor
William H. H. Ross; it is a 20 acre property that includes in addition to the Mansion, a granary with farm equipment exhibits, carriage house, a Victorian cottage and Delaware's only documented log slave quarters; the Mansion is a brick Italian Villa style structure completed in 1859; it is furnished in authentic Victorian style with many pieces having belonged to the Ross family. Ross Mansion Web Site: http://www.seafordhistoricalsociety.com/index.cfm?ref=42198
*Nanticoke Riverfest takes place the second weekend in July and the Nanticoke River is open for citizens to float down the river on
inner tubes. There is also a three-day festival. The Carnival opens Thursday. Friday evening and all day Saturday merchants and vendors sell their products on High Street. Performers and comedians shows. Free concerts with live bands perform Friday night and Saturday night. There is also a Miss Riverfest Pageant for teenagers to enter, and a Little Miss Riverfest pageant for younger children to enter.
Near the city
Woodland Ferry- located west of Seaford, the ferry operates sunup to sundown, seven days a week with no fare charged; the 200-year-old cable-run ferry boat crossing the Nanticoke River, one of the last remaining ferries on the East Coast, was established circa 1793 by the Cannon family, and served as a major river crossing and trading center for travelers.
U.N.O.I. Mill- over 100 years old, still has the original corn stone in use to create products sold commercially today.
Patty Cannon House- located at Johnson's Cross Roads, this house is where the noted kidnapping group including Patty Cannon had its headquarters; the group was involved in robbery and entrapment of free blacks in the area; this house was ideal because of its location: one side sits in Maryland while the other side sits in Delaware; today, the house still stands and is a historical landmark.
Notable people from Seaford
Seaford is the hometown of...
baseballplayer Delino DeShields
American footballplayer Lovett Purnell
* Former Olympic
baseballplayer Mike Neill
* San Francisco writer and performance artist
* aerospace tycoon
Lee F. Booth
* Philadelphia poet
* DE Gatorade HS baseball player of the year and
Major League Baseballdraft pick Derrik Gibson(selected 77th in the 2008 MLB draft by the Boston Red Sox)
* Current Sr Consultant for Cerner Corporation's Consulting Operations
Notes and references
* [http://www.seafordde.com/ City of Seaford]
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