- Polonnaruwa Kingdom
The Polonnaruwa Kingdom was the kingdom from which
Sri Lankan kings ruled the island from the 8th Century until 1310 CE.
After ruling the country for over 1200 years from the
Anuradhapura Kingdom, Sri Lankan kings decide to move their capital to Polonnaruwaas it was further inland from Anuradhapuraand therefore gave them more time to organize defenses in times of foreign invasion. Polonnaruwa had previously been an important settlement in the country as it commanded the crossings of the Mahaweli Gangatowards Anuradhapura.
Some of the rulers of Polonnaruwa include
Vijayabahu Iand Parakramabahu I(Parakramabahu the Great). Most of Polonnaruwa that remains today dates from after the 1150s, as the extensive civil wars that preceded Parakramabahu's accession to the throne devastated the city.
The Polonnaruwa Kingdom was abandoned in the 14th century, and the seat of government for the Sinhalese kings was moved to Yapahuwa. Although many factors contributed to this, the leading cause of the abandonment of Polonnaruwa as the kingdom of Sri lanka was it's susceptibility to invasions from south
History of Sri Lanka
List of rulers of Sri Lanka
*cite book | last =Paranavitana | first =Senarat | coauthors =Nicholas, Cyril Wace | title =A Concise History of Ceylon | publisher =Ceylon University Press | year =1961 | location =Colombo | id = OCLC|465385
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