- Bendix Corporation
The Bendix Corporation was an American manufacturing and engineering company which during various times in its 60 year existence made brake systems, aeronautical hydraulics, avionics, radios, televisions and computers, and which licensed its name for use on home washing machines.
Bendix was founded in 1924 in
South Bend, Indiana, United States, by the inventor Vincent Bendix. At first it manufactured brake systems for cars and trucks, supplying General Motors with braking systems for its production lines for several decades. In 1929 Vincent Bendix branched out into aeronauticsand renamed the company "Bendix Aviation" to reflect the new product lines. Bendix supplied aircraft manufacturers with all types of hydraulicsystems, for braking and flap activation, and introduced new devices such as a pressure carburetorwhich dominated the market during World War II. It also made a wide variety of electrical and electronic instruments for aircraft.
Although popularly connected to
washing machines, the Bendix Corporation itself never actually manufactured that home appliance. In 1936 the company licensed its name to Bendix Home Appliances, another South Bend company, for a 25% stake in the company. [ [http://www.aiaa.org/Participate/Uploads/04-0316%20Bendix.pdf untitled ] ] Bendix Home Appliances, founded by Judson Sayre, was later sold to Avco Manufacturing Corporation. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A0DEEDB1038F931A25756C0A960948260 JUDSON S. SAYRE - New York Times ] ]
The Bendix Corporation sponsored the famous Bendix continental air race which started in 1931, and is known for the Bendix Trophy. The competition was a transcontinental U.S. point-to-point race meant to encourage the development of durable, efficient aircraft for commercial aviation, but civilians were barred from the race in 1950. The last race took place in 1962.
World War IIBendix made just about every ancillary instrument or equipment for military aircraft. The Bendix radio division was born in 1937, to make radiotransmitter/receivers for aircraft and other types of avionics(aviation electronics). During the war Bendix manufactured about three quarters of all avionicsin American aircraft. During and after the war Bendix made radarequipment of all kinds.
Bendix started making domestic
radios and phonographs for the retail market after the war as an outgrowth of its production of aircraft radios. Bendix also built televisionsets from 1950 to 1959. Production of radios for the retail trade stopped in the mid fifties, but in 1948 Bendix started to sell car radios directly to Ford and other auto manufacturers. This market rapidly grew during the 1950s, but shrank just as fast in the 1960s when Ford, GM and Chryslerstarted producing their own radios.
Since the 1950s Bendix and its successors have managed Department of Energy (DOE) facilities in
Kansas City, Missouriand Albuquerque, New Mexicowhich procured non-nuclear components for nuclear weapons, and during the 1960s the company made ground and airborne telecommunications systems for NASA, including the ST-124-M3 inertial platformused in the Saturn V Instrument Unit. It also developed the first automobile fuel injectionsystems in the United States.
In 1956 the computer division of Bendix Aviation introduced the
Bendix G-15, a mini computer which was the size of two tall filing cabinets. The company sold about 400 of these at prices starting at below US$50,000. The Bendix computer division was taken over in 1963 by Control Data Corporation, which continued to manufacture the G-15 for a few years. The chief designer of the G-15 was Harry Huskey, who had worked with Alan Turingon the ACE in the United Kingdomand on the SWAC in the 1950s. Huskey created most of the design while working as a professor at Berkeley, and other universities, and also as a consultant.
In the decades between 1970 and 1990, Bendix went through a series of mergers, sales and changes with partners or buyers including
Raytheon, Allied Signaland others. This diluted its corporate identity, though for some years these companies used the Bendix brand for some of their products, such as aircraft flight control systems.
In 1982 Bendix launched a hostile takeover bid of
Martin Marietta. Bendix bought the majority of Martin Marietta shares and in effect owned the company. However, Martin Marietta's management used the short time between ownership and control to sell non-core businesses and launch its own hostile takeover of Bendix – the Pac-Man Defense. Industrial conglomerate United Technologiesjoined the fray, supporting Martin Marietta in their counter-takeover bid. In the end, Bendix was rescued by the Allied Corporation, acting as a white knight. Bendix was acquired by Allied in 1983 for US$85 per share. The Allied Corporation, later named AlliedSignal, bought Honeywelland adopted the Honeywell name, and Bendix became a Honeywell brand, including the Bendix/King brand of avionics which includes completely digital integrated glass cockpits. Honeywell's commercial vehicles division also has a Bendix line of electronics and other vacuum or hydraulic subsystems.
In popular culture
Bendix was mentioned in a corporate advertisement created by electronic music pioneer
Raymond Scottentitled "The Tomorrow People." The track can be found on the Raymond Scott compilation album "Manhattan Research, Inc." (2000), and is also sampled by J Dillaon the "Donuts" album.
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Bendix Corporation — ▪ American company former American corporation founded in 1924 to manufacture automobile brake systems. In 1983 it became a subsidiary of Allied Corporation (AlliedSignal) (see AlliedSignal), which merged with Honeywell (Honeywell… … Universalium
Bendix Aviation — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bendix Aviation Corporation, un fabricante de piezas de aviones, se inició por el inventor Vincent Bendix en 1929 como una continuación de su compañía de piezas de automóviles. Su nombre se cambió a Bendix… … Wikipedia Español
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Bendix, Vincent — ▪ American inventor and industrialist born Aug. 12, 1882, Moline, Ill., U.S. died March 27, 1945, New York, N.Y. American inventor and industrialist who contributed to the development of automobiles and aircraft. At the age of 16,… … Universalium
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