Attalus (general)


Attalus (general)

Attalus (in Greek Άτταλος, ca. 390 BC – 336 BC), important courtier of Macedonian king Philip II of Macedonia.

In 339 BC, Attalus' niece Cleopatra Eurydice married king Philip II of Macedonia. In spring of 336 BC, Philip II appointed Attalus and Parmenion as commanders of the advance force that would invade the Persian Empire in Asia Minor. After Philip II had been assassinated and Alexander the Great had become king (October 336 BC), Cleopatra Eurydice, her two children, and Attalus were all killed (Cleopatra Eurydice may have died by her own hand after the murders of her children).

According to a story of Aristotle's, lengthened by Cleitarchus and Diodorus Siculus, Attalus sexually assaulted Pausanias of Orestis in retribution for besmirching the reputation of Attalus's friend (possibly relation), also named Pausanias, an event that led to the latter Pausanias's death. Philip II of Macedon's later assassination by Pausanias of Orestis has been tied to this affair as Pausanias was upset that Phillip had not punished Attalus.

At the time of the accession of Alexander the Great to the Macedonian throne, Attalus was stationed with Parmenion and the Macedonian advance army in Asia Minor. In the wake of Phillip II's death, it is alleged by hostile sources that Demosthenes of Athens wrote a letter to Attalus promising Athens' support if the two made war on Alexander.

Attalus submitted Demosthenes' letters to Alexander and pledged his support to the king. However, Alexander had Attalus killed, remembering the past insult of Attalus. Even without the resentment between the two men, Alexander probably felt Attalus was too ambitious to remain alive, and would have good reason for revenge after the deaths of Cleopatra Eurydice and her children.

In Popular Media

*In the 2004 film "Alexander", Attalus was portrayed by actor Nick Dunning.

External links

* [http://www.livius.org/as-at/attalus/attalus.html Attalus] by Jona Lendering


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Attalus of Macedonia — may refer to:*Attalus (general) of Philip and Alexander *Attalus (son of Andromenes) of Alexander and Perdiccas …   Wikipedia

  • Attalus I — ( el. polytonic|Ἄτταλος), surnamed Soter ( el. polytonic|Σωτὴρ, Savior ; 269 BC ndash; 197 BC) [Livy, [http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/ah/Livy/Livy33.html 33.21–22] , says that Attalus died in the consulship of Cornelius and Minucius (197 BC) at… …   Wikipedia

  • Attalus — can refer to *Several members of the Attalid dynasty of Pergamon **Attalus I Soter, ruled 241 BC ndash;197 BC **Attalus II Philadelphus, ruled 160 BC ndash;138 BC **Attalus III, ruled 138 BC ndash;133 BC*Attalus, courtier and general of Philip II …   Wikipedia

  • Achaeus (general) — Achaeus (Greek: Polytonic|Aχαιός; died 213 BC) was a general and later a separatist ruler of part of the Greek Seleucid kingdom. He was the son of Andromachus; the latter was brother of Laodice, the wife of Seleucus Callinicus and the mother of… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander (general) — Alexander (in Greek Αλέξανδρος; killed 314 BC) was son of Polyperchon, the regent of Macedonia, and an important general in the Wars of the Diadochi. Alexander obtains and loses AthensAntipater, on his death (320 BC), had left the regency to… …   Wikipedia

  • Taxiles (general) — Taxiles (en griego antiguo: Tαξιλης; vivió en el siglo I a. C.) fue un general al servicio de Mitrídates VI de Ponto, y uno en los que depositó toda su confianza. Es mencionado por primera vez en las crónicas en el año 86 a. C., cuando fue… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Taxiles (general) — Taxiles (in Greek Tαξιλης; lived 1st century BC) was a general in the service of Mithridates the Great, and one of those in whom he reposed the highest confidence. He is first mentioned in 86 BC, when he was sent by Mithridates, with an army of… …   Wikipedia

  • Calas (general) — Calas or Callas (Greek Κάλας or Κάλλας ; lived 4th century BC) was an ancient Greek, son of Harpalus of Elimiotis and first cousin to Antigonus, king of Asia, who held a command in the army which Philip II sent into Anatolia under Parmenion and… …   Wikipedia

  • Menelaus (general) — Menelaus (in Greek Mενελαoς /me nelaos/; lived 4th century BC) was son of Lagus and brother of Ptolemy I Soter, king of Egypt. His name does not occur among the officers or generals of Alexander the Great (336 ndash;323 BC) during the lifetime of …   Wikipedia

  • Ptolemy (general) — Ptolemy (in Greek Πτoλεμαιoς; died 309 BC) was a nephew of Antigonus, the general of Alexander the Great (338 ndash;323 BC) who afterwards became king of Asia. His name is first mentioned as present with his uncle at the siege of Nora in 320 BC,… …   Wikipedia