List of snakes of South Asia


List of snakes of South Asia

The following is a list of snakes of South Asia, primarily covering the region covered by mainland India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, parts of Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Island chains. All families are covered except for the Colubridae which is found here.This forms part of the complete list of reptiles of South Asia.

Order Squamata - suborder Serpentes

Family Typhlopidae

* Brahminy Blind Snake ("Ramphotyphlops braminus") Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
* Giant blind snake ("Typhlops diardii") Northeast India, Bangladesh, China, Indo-China, Myanmar, Thailand, Malay region
* Pied blind snake ("Typhlops leucomelas") Sri Lanka
* Jan's blind snake ("Typhlops mirus") Sri Lanka
* Slender blind snake ("Typhlops porrectus") Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka
* "Typhlops exiguus"
* "Typhlops beddomii"
* "Typhlops andamanesis"
* "Rhinotyphlops acutus"
* "Ramphotyphlops exocoeti"
* ("Typhlops tindalli")
* ("Typhlops thurstoni")
* ("Typhlops tenuicollis")
* ("Typhlops pammeces")
* ("Typhlops oligolepis")
* ("Typhlops oatesii")
* ("Typhlops meszoelyi")
* ("Typhlops loveridgei")
* ("Typhlops jerdoni")
* ("Typhlops fletcheri")

Family Cylindrophiidae

* Sri Lankan pipe snake Cylindrophis maculata Sri Lanka

Family Uropeltidae

* Palni Shieldtail Snake "Brachyophidium rhodogaster"
* Two-lined Black Shieldtail "Melanophidium bilineatum"
* Beddome's Black Shieldtail "Melanophidium punctatum"
* Indian Black Earth Snake "Melanophidium wynaudense"
* Travancore Hills Thorntail Snake "Platyplectrurus madurensis"
* Lined Thorntail Snake "Platyplectrurus trilineatus"
* Kerala Shieldtail "Plectrurus aureus"
* Kanara Shieldtail "Plectrurus canaricus"
* Günther's Burrowing Snake "Plectrurus guentheri"
* Nilgiri Burrowing Snake "Plectrurus perroteti"
* Cardamom Hills Earth Snake "Rhinophis fergusonianus"
* Schneider's Earth Snake "Rhinophis oxyrhynchus"
* Salty Earth Snake "Rhinophis sanguineus"
* Travancore Shieldtail "Rhinophis travancoricus"
* Purple-red Earth Snake "Teretrurus sanguineus"
* Madurai Earth Snake "Uropeltis arcticeps"
* Beddome's Earth Snake "Uropeltis beddomii"
* Brougham's Earth Snake "Uropeltis broughami"
* Ceylon Earth Snake "Uropeltis ceylanicus"
* Sirumalai Hills Earth Snake "Uropeltis dindigalensis"
* Elliot's Earth Snake "Uropeltis ellioti"
* Günther's Earth Snake "Uropeltis liura"
* Bombay Earth Snake "Uropeltis macrolepis"
* Anaimalai Earth Snake "Uropeltis macrorhynchus"
* Spotted Earth Snake "Uropeltis maculatus"
* Boulenger's Earth Snake "Uropeltis myhendrae"
* Southern Earth Snake "Uropeltis nitidus"
* Ocellated Shieldtail "Uropeltis ocellatus"
* Shieldtail Earth Snake "Uropeltis petersi"
* Phipson's Shieldtail "Uropeltis phipsonii"
* Indian Earth Snake "Uropeltis pulneyensis"
* Red-lined Earth Snake "Uropeltis rubrolineatus"
* Red-spotted Earth Snake "Uropeltis rubromaculatus"
* Smith's Earth Snake "Uropeltis smithi"
* Woodmason's Earth Snake "Uropeltis woodmasoni"

Family Acrochordidae

* Wart snake "Acrochordus granulatus" India, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Timor

Family Boidae

* Common sand boa "Gongylophis conicus" Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka
* Red sand boa "Eryx johnii" India, Pakistan
* Whitaker's sand boa "Eryx whitakeri" Southwest India
* Indian rock python "Python molurus" Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Java
* Reticulated python "Python reticulatus" India (Arunachal Pradesh, Nicobars), Myanmar, China, Indo-China, Malay region

Family Xenopeltidae

* Sunbeam snake "Xenopeltis unicolor" India (Nicobars), Myanmar, Thailand, China, Indo-China, Malay region

Family Elapidae

* Andamans krait "Bungarus andamanensis" India (Andamans)
* Common Indian krait "Bungarus caeruleus" Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka
* Sri Lankan krait "Bungarus ceylonicus" Sri Lanka
* Banded krait "Bungarus fasciatus" Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China, China, Malay region
* Sindh krait "Bungarus sindanus" Pakistan, India
* Northeastern Hill Krait "Bungarus bungaroides"
* Lesser Black Krait "Bungarus lividus"
* Greater Black Krait "Bungarus niger"
* Beddome's Coral Snake "Calliophis beddomei"
* MacClelland's coral snake "Calliophis macclellandi" Nepal, India, Myanmar, Indo-China, Taiwan
* Slender coral snake "Calliophis melanurus" Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka
* Black Coral Snake "Calliophis nigrescens"
* Bibron's Coral Snake "Calliophis bibroni"

* Monocled cobra "Naja kaouthia" Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China, China
* Spectacled cobra "Naja naja" Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka
* Black cobra "Naja oxiana" Central Asia, Pakistan, India
* Andaman cobra "Naja sagittifera" India (Andamans)
* King cobra "Ophiophagus hannah" India, Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, China, Indo-China, Malay region, Philippines

Family Hydrophiidae

* Spine-tailed seasnake "Aipysurus eydouxii" (Gray, 1849)
* Large-headed sea snake "Astrotia stokesii" (Gray, 1846) Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Malay region
* Yellow-and-black sea snake "Atretium schistosum" India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka
* Olive-Headed Seasnake "Disteira major" (Shaw, 1802)
* "Disteira nigrocincta" (Daudin, 1803)
* Wall's Sea Snake "Disteira walli" Kharin, 1989
* Beaked Seasnake or Hook-nosed sea snake "Enhydrina schistosa" (Daudin, 1803) Persian Gulf, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Indo-China, Malay peninsula
* Faint-Banded Seasnake "Hydrophis belcheri" (Gray, 1849)
* Peters' Sea Snake "Hydrophis bituberculatus" Peters, 1872
* "Hydrophis brooki" Günther, 1872
* Blue sea snake "Hydrophis caerulescens" Shaw, 1802 Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, China, Malay region
* Annulated Sea Snake "Hydrophis cyanocinctus" Daudin, 1803
* Banded sea snake "Hydrophis fasciatus" (Schneider, 1799) Pakistan, India, Myanmar, Malay region
* "Hydrophis inornatus" (Gray, 1849)
* Kloss' Sea Snake "Hydrophis klossi" Boulenger, 1912
* Black-headed sea snake "Hydrophis mammilaris" Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka
* Black-banded sea snake "Hydrophis nigrocinctus" India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar
* Estuarine sea snake "Hydrophis obscurus" India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar
* Cochin banded sea snake "Hydrophis ornatus" Persian Gulf, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Malay region, Indo-China, China
* Persian Gulf Sea Snake "Hydrophis lapemoides" (Gray, 1849)
* Slender-Necked Seasnake "Hydrophis melanocephalus" (Gray, 1849)
* Yellow Sea Snake "Hydrophis spiralis" (Shaw, 1802)
* Collared Sea Snake "Hydrophis stricticollis" Günther, 1864
* Jerdon's sea snake "Kerilia jerdonii" India, Sri Lanka, Malay peninsula
* Bighead Sea Snake "Kolpophis annandalei" (Laidlaw, 1901)
* Short sea snake "Lapemis curtus" (Shaw, 1802) Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Malay region, Indo-China
* Yellow-lipped sea krait "Laticauda colubrina" India, East of the islands of the Sundas
* "Laticauda laticaudata" (Linnaeus, 1758)
* Hardwicke's Spine-Bellied Seasnake "Lapemis hardwickii" Gray, 1834
* Annulated sea snake "Leioselasma cyanocincta" Persian Gulf, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Malay region
* Yellow sea snake "Leioselasma spiralis" Persian Gulf, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Malay region
* "Microcephalophis cantoris"
* Slender narrow-headed sea snake "Microcephalophis gracilis" Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Malay region, China
* Yellow-bellied Sea snake "Pelamis platurus"
* "Thalassophina viperina"
* Anomalous Sea Snake "Thalassophis anomalus"

Family Viperidae

* Himalayan pit viper "Gloydius himalayanus" India, Pakistan, Nepal
* Levantine viper "Macrovipera lebetina" Middle East, Pakistan
* Russel's viper "Daboia russelii" Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, China, Indo-China, islands of Java, Komodo, Flores, Indonesia
* Indian saw-scaled viper "Echis carinatus" Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka
* "Echis megalocephalus"
* Common hump-nosed pit viper "Hypnale hypnale" India, Sri Lanka
* Millard's hump-nosed pit viper "Hypnale nepa" Sri Lanka
* Wall's hump-nosed pit viper "Hypnale walli" Sri Lanka
* Blotched pit viper "Ovophis monticola" Bangladesh, India, Nepal
* Brown spotted pit viper "Protobothrops mucrosquamatus" India, Bangladesh, China, Myanmar, Vietnam
* "Protobothrops jerdonii"
* White-lipped pit viper "Trimeresurus albolabris" India, Nepal, Bangladesh, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sundas up to Timor
* Anderson's pit viper "Trimeresurus andersonii" India (Andamans)
* Bamboo pit viper "Trimeresurus gramineus" Nepal, India
* Large-scaled green pit viper "Trimeresurus macrolepis" Southwest India
* Malabar rock pit viper "Trimeresurus malabaricus" Southwest India
* Tibetan pit viper "Trimeresurus tibetanus" Tibet, Nepal
* "Trimeresurus stejnegeri"
* "Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus"
* Pope's Pit Viper "Trimeresurus popeiorum"
* Medo Pit Viper "Trimeresurus medoensis"
* "Trimeresurus labialis"
* "Trimeresurus erythrurus"
* Cantor's Pit Viper "Trimeresurus cantori"
* "Pseudocerastes persicus"

ee also

* Wildlife of India

References

* Romulus Whitaker & Ashok Captain, (2004) Snakes of India: The Field Guide. Draco Books, Chennai.
* Daniel, J.C.(2002) The Book of Indian Reptiles and Amphibians. Bombay Natural History Society and Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-566099-4

External links

* [http://www.tigr.org/reptiles/ Reptile database]
* [http://www.bio.utexas.edu/grad/sp/pubs/Indian%20Snakes-Checklist.pdf Indian snake checklist]
* [http://www.sbs.utexas.edu/hisasia/ Herpetology in South Asia]
* [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ReptileIndia/ ReptileIndia Yahoo Group]


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