- Greenwich, Connecticut
official_name = Greenwich, Connecticut
established_title = Settled
established_date = 1640
established_title2 = Joined Connecticut
established_date2 = 1656
settlement_type = Town
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in
Representative town meeting
subdivision_name = Bridgeport - Stamford - Norwalk
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 = South Western Region
leader_title = First selectman
leader_name = Peter Tesei
leader_title1 = Town administrator
leader_name1 = Edward Gomeau
leader_title2 = Town meeting moderator
leader_name2 = Thomas J. Byrne
area_land_km2 = 123.8
area_land_sq_mi = 47.8
area_total_km2 = 174.0
area_water_km2 = 50.3
area_total_sq_mi = 67.2
population_as_of = 2005
population_total = 62236
population_density_km2 = 503
population_density_sq_mi = 1302
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern
utc_offset_DST = -4
area_water_sq_mi = 19.4
elevation_m = 17
elevation_ft = 56
latd = 41 |latm = 02 |lats = 20 |latNS = N
longd = 73 |longm = 36 |longs = 49 |longEW = W
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 06807, 0683x, 06870, 06878
website = [http://www.greenwichct.org/ www.greenwichct.org]
area_code = 203
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 09-33620
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0213435
Greenwich is a town in Fairfield County,
Connecticut, United States. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 61,101. It is home to many hedge funds and other financial service companies that have left Manhattan.Fact|date=May 2008 Greenwich is the southernmost municipality in Connecticut and is 37 minutes by train (express) from Grand Central Terminalin Manhattan. In July 2005, [http://money.cnn.com/best/bplive/ CNN/Money and "Money" magazine] ranked Greenwich 12th on its list of the 100 Best Places to Live in the United States. The town is the location of Greenwich Hospital, a community hospital with 174 beds and a teaching affiliate of Yale University School of Medicine.cite web|url=http://www.greenhosp.org/about_affiliation.asp|title=About Greenwich Hospital|accessdate=2008-06-15] Vienne, Isère, France, is a sister city of Greenwich. [Greenspon, Zack, "Greenwich, Vienne Share Joie de Vivre", article in "The Greenwich Citizen", March 23, 2007]
Greenwich has one local government but consists of several distinct sections, each of which often has its own mailing addresses and
ZIP codes: as Cos Cob 06807, Riverside 06878, Old Greenwich 06870, and Greenwich 06830 and 06831 (sometimes referred to as Greenwich proper, central, or downtown Greenwich).
The town has three Selectmen and a Representative Town Meeting (RTM). The RTM must approve all budgets, and consists of 230 elected representatives. RTM members are not paid. The three selectmen are elected on a town-wide basis, although each person can only vote for two members. This assures that there will almost always be one Democrat and two Republicans or two Democrats and one Republican. While voter registration is skewed in the Republican's favor, which is rather uncommon in New England, they do not have a lock on the First Selectman's chair, and Democrats have held the seat recently. Many of the other town committees have equal representation between Democrats and Republicans, regardless of the vote breakdown, since each individual can only vote for half as many seats as are available.
:"For more information, see History of Greenwich,
The Town of Greenwich, settled in 1640 and incorporated in 1665.
American Revolution, General Israel Putnammade a daring escape from the British on February 26, 1779. Although British forces pillaged the town, Putnam was able to warn Stamford.
In 1983, the
Mianus River Bridge, which carries traffic on Interstate 95 over an estuary, collapsed, resulting in the death of three people.
Originally, Greenwich Point (locally termed "Tod's Point"), was open only to town residents and their guests. However, a lawyer sued, saying his rights to freedom of assembly were threatened because he was not allowed to go there. The lower courts disagreed, but the Supreme Court of Connecticut agreed, and Greenwich was forced to amend its beach access policy to all four beaches.when
During the late 1990s and early 2000s, Greenwich's location as the first Connecticut town off Interstate 95 and the
Merritt Parkwaymeant that when New York City-area residents wanted to buy Powerballlottery tickets as the jackpot rose above $100 million, they crowded into Greenwich stores to purchase them, creating traffic jams in the business areas. The Connecticut Lotteryintroduced special rules for such situations. This no longer became a problem after Pennsylvania joined Powerball in 2002; those living west of the Hudson River no longer cross it to buy Powerball tickets.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 67.2 square miles (174.2 km²), of which, 47.8 square miles (123.9 km²) of it is land and 19.4 square miles (50.3 km²) of it (28.88%) is water. In terms of area, Greenwich is twice the size of Manhattan. The town is bordered to the west and north by Westchester County, New York, to the east by the city of Stamford, and to the south by Long Island Sound.
Greenwich is divided into several small sections, among them:
Byram(formerly East Port Chester)Each, with the exception of Byram, Pemberwick, and Glenville, have their own ZIP Codeand Metro Northtrain station.
A curious aspect of Greenwich's position in the southwestern "tail" of Connecticut is that by traveling north, south, east or west from any point in town, one will eventually reach the State of New York. Westchester and Putnam Counties lie to the north and west. Nassau County is directly south across Long Island Sound, and a long boat ride due east will land you on the northeast branch of Suffolk County, Long Island.
Round Hill, with an elevation of more than convert|550|ft|m, was a lookout point for the Continental Army during the American Revolution. The Manhattan skyline is visible from the top of the hill. [Nova, Susan, "Many rooms, skyline views: Chateau atop Round Hill is for sale", article, Real Estate section, "The Advocate" of Stamford,
March 2, 2007, page R1]
Calf Island, a 29 acre island about convert|3000|ft|m from the Byram shore in Greenwich, is open for visitors although as of the summer of 2006 it was getting relatively few of them."Upgrades make Calf Island more attractive to visitors", by Michael Dinan, "Greenwich Time", and "The Advocate" of Stamford,
August 15, 2006, page 4, "The Advocate"]
More than half of the island (on the west side) is a bird sanctuary off-limits to members of the public without permission to visit. The island is available for overnight stays for those with permits, otherwise the east side is open from dawn till dusk.
Great Captain Islandis also off the coast of Greenwich, and is the southernmost point of New England.
Island Beach or "Little Captain Island" once was the venue for the town's annual "Island Beach Day." Ventriloquist
Paul Winchelland his dummy, Jerry Mahoney, once came for a show, and on another occasion the National Guard let adults and children fire machine guns into the water, according to an article in the "Greenwich Time"."Crew member passes on stories about island", by Michael Dinan, an article in the "Greenwich Time" August 7, 2006]
Island Beach has changed over the decades. The bathhouse once on the island's eastern shore is gone, and erosion is slowly eating away at the beaches themselves, a longtime resident told the newspaper.
The town has four beaches on the
Long Island Soundwhich are Greenwich Point, Byram Beach, Island Beach (Little Captain's Island), and Great Captain Island.
A single-visit beach pass for non-residents to Greenwich Point (locally termed "Tod's Point" after the previous private owners), which is on a peninsula and so includes picnic areas, a beach and small marina, is $10 per person and $20 per car. Tickets must be purchased at the town hall or the Eastern Greenwich Civic Center. However, anyone can go to the point for free between November and April. The point has one of the most stunning views on the
Long Island Soundshoreline, including views of Manhattan, the bridges connecting the Bronxand Queensand newly-built hi-rises in New Rochelle, New York.
There is also a community sailing center and rental area located in the park. Bicycling and rollerblading are popular sports on the trails and paths in the summer.
The town owns the Griffith E. Harris golf course. The 18-link course is named after "Griff" Harris, first selectman from 1952 to 1958. There are also five country clubs in town with golf courses. The
Dorothy HamillRink is also in town.
Arts and culture
* [http://www.greenwichsym.org/ Greenwich Symphony Orchestra] . Begun in 1958 as the Greenwich Philharmonia, it became fully professional by 1967. The orchestra's 90 members perform at the Dickerman Hollister Auditorium at Greenwich High School. It also performs a pops concert in the summer. Emanuel Ax, Barry Douglas, Pamela Frank, John O’Conor, Peter Serkin, and Dawn Upshaw. David Gilbert has been music director and conductor since 1975 and is also the director of the Bergen (NJ) Philharmonic and the Senior Concert Orchestra of New York. He lives in Nutley, N.J.
* [http://www.greenwichchoralsociety.org/ Greenwich Choral Society] , founded in 1925, has performed locally and elsewhere, including in New York City (at St. Patrick's Cathedral, Carnegie Hall, St. Thomas Church, and the Cathedral of St. John the Divine), and Europe. It has also performed several times with the Greenwich Symphony, New Haven Symphony, New Haven Chorale, and Stamford Symphony, as well as at the Ives Festival in Danbury. The chorus previewed Dave Brubeck's "La Fiesta de la Posada," and has commissioned works by James Furman, Stephen Paulus, Rob Mathes, and Michael Schelle. In 2000 the chorus premiered a work by
Adolphus Hailstork, "Songs of Innocence," commissioned especially for the 75th anniversary season. The current music director and conductor is Paul F. Mueller. Notable past conductors include Lowell Beveridge, Jack Ossewaarde, Vernon de Tar, Louie L. White and Richard Vogt. [ [http://www.greenwichchoralsociety.org/history.html Society history] Greenwich Choral Society website, accessed on July 19, 2006]
*The Bruce Museum is a town-owned institution with sections devoted to art and natural history.
*Antares Investment Partners — headquarters. 333 Ludlow St.
*AQR Capital — headquarters. 2 Greenwich Plaza.
*Arch Capital Group, Ltd. — headquarters
Blyth, Inc.(BTH) — headquarters, 1 East Weaver St.; the nation's largest candlemaker, the company designs and markets home fragrance products, seasonal decorations, home décor and household convenience items internationally; 5,500 employees companywide, 45 in Connecticut; $1.6 billion in annual revenues (2005); CEO Robert B. Goergen
*Cambridge Solutions, Ltd. [http://www.cambridgeworldwide.com] ; headquarters, 340 Pemberwick Road; is a strategic global outsourcing firm, one of the largest BPO compaines worldwide; 4,400 employees companywide; CEO
Christopher A. Sinclair
*First Reserve Corp. — headquarters, a private equity firm with $12.5 billion under management that buys energy-related companies, founded by CEO William Macaulay.
*Nestle Waters North America, division of the "world's biggest water bottler" (headquartered in Switzerland; Nestle Waters world division headquartered in Paris) accounting for 48 percent of its water sales and 10 percent of its revenue; with "
Poland Spring, Deer Park, Perrier, S. Pellegrinoand other brands it has 43 percent of the U.S. single-serve market. (All figures as of August 2006.) ["Water, water everywhere -- but activists don't want Nestle to have it", article by Hugo Miller for Bloomberg News as appeared in "The Advocate" of Stamford, Business section, August 6, 2006, pp. F1, F6]
*United Rentals Inc. (URI) — headquarters, 5 Greenwich Office Park; the largest equipment rental company in the world, with more than 750 rental locations in 48 states, Canada and Mexico; 13,400 employees companywide, 400 in Connecticut; $3.6 billion in annual revenues (2005); CEO Wayland R. Hicks
*Urstadt Biddle Properties, Inc. — headquarters, 1 East Weaver St.
*W.R. Berkeley Corp. [http://www.wrberkley.com (BER)] — headquarters, 475 Steamboat Road; a holding company for subsidiaries that sell property-casualty insurance; 4,961 employees companywide, 319 in Connecticut; $5 billion in annual revenues; CEO William R. Berkley
Media based in town
* [http://www.greenwichtime.com/ Greenwich Time] - daily newspaper based in Greenwich; published by Southern Connecticut Newspapers Inc. out of Stamford, a subsidiary of the
Tribune Company, which also owns The Advocate of Stamford and The Hartford Courant. Some sections are identical to the same sections in The Advocate, including the arts and business sections.
* [http://www.greenwichcitizen.com/ Greenwich Citizen] - the older weekly in town, tabloid-sized and a part of the Brooks Community Newspapers chain, now owned by
Media News GroupInc., which also owns the daily Connecticut Postin Bridgeport, Connecticut.
* [http://www.acorn-online.com/news/publish/greenwich.shtml Greenwich Post] - weekly broadsheet, part of the Hersam Acorn chain of local weeklies.
* [http://www.greenwichmag.com/ Greenwich Magazine] , owned by [http://www.mofflypub.com/ Moffly Publications] , which publishes other local magazines, including [http://www.ncdmag.com/ New Canaan-Darien Magazine] and [http://www.westportmag.com/ Westport Magazine] .
* [http://www.wgch.com/ WGCH-AM] 1490 radio station; 1,000 watts
* [http://www.vivapop.com/ Vivapop] Publishes local news, charitable events and calendars.
*Greenwich Kids News [http://www.greenwichkidsnews.com./ Greenwich Kids News] A kids newspaper by and for kids.
The town is served by the
Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line(the four stations, from west to east, are Greenwich, Cos Cob, Riverside, and Old Greenwich) and is approximately a 40 minute trainride to Grand Central Terminalin Manhattanon the express train and a 50 minute ride on the local. Amtrakstops in the adjacent city of Stamford.
Interstate 95 (one of the busiest highways in the world) goes through the southern end of town, and there are four exits from I-95 in Greenwich, exits 2 through 5. The
Boston Post Road(also known as East or West Putnam Avenue or simply Route 1) also goes through town, as does the Merritt Parkway, although the Merritt Parkway is a considerable distance from the downtown area.
Two bridges in Greenwich were among 12 in the state listed in "critical" condition by state safety inspectors as of August 2007. The Riversville Road bridge, built in the 1950s, now has a weight limit of 3 tons, but as of
August 5, 2007, the bridge had not been inspected in over two years (in March 2005), according to state records obtained by " The Hartford Courant", although a state official said the bridge was inspected in August 2005 and would be inspected again in August 2007. In the March 2005 inspection, the bridge's above-ground structure was deemed to be in critical condition, with other components in poor condition. The Bailiwick Road bridge in town was closed in April 2007 and remained closed as of August 2007 due to storm damage. The ratings for the two bridges were worse than the Interstate 35W bridge in Minneapolis, which collapsed during rush hour on August 1, 2007. [Kaplan, Thomas, Martineau, Kim, and Kauffman, Matthew, "12 state bridges are judged to be in critical condition" article in "The Advocate" of Stamford, Connecticut, article reprinted from " The Hartford Courant", August 5, 2007, pp1, A6]
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 61,101 people, 23,230 households, and 16,237 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 1,277.6 people per square mile (493.2/km²). There were 24,511 housing units at an average density of 512.5/sq mi (197.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.02% White, 1.66% African American, 0.09% Native American, 5.18% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.46% from other races, and 1.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino residents of any race were 6.29% of the population.
There were 23,230 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $99,086, and the median income for a family is $122,719. Males have a median income of $95,085 versus $47,806 for females. The per capita income for the town is $74,346. About 2.5% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the
poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
Both the Official AENGLC Wealth Value and the CPR AENGLC Wealth Value show Greenwich as having the highest wealth value in Connecticut at over $430,000 per person. Greenwich was the highest income place with a population of 50,000 or more in 2000. However, using the list of the 100 richest places in the United States with at least 1,000 households yields a different result. This is the most common list used for referring to the richest communities in the country, as it eliminates any places with insignificant populations. On this list Greenwich ranks 56th after New Canaan at 32nd, Darien at 44th, and Weston at 55th. See
Highest income places in the United States.
The median price for a single-family home in town was $1.7 million in 2006, when about 140 properties sold for $5 million or more, according to Prudential Connecticut Realty. In 2007, the highest asking prices for residential property in town were $39.5 million for the 76 acre estate of actor
Mel Gibsonon Old Mill Road, $19.7 million for a convert|13000|sqft|m2|sing=on mansion on convert|8.7|acre|m2 with a private lake, and $38 million for an estate with formal gardens and a greenhouse the size of a cottage. [Crenson, Sharon L., "Gibson selling Greenwich estate for $39.5M", Bloomberg News, article appeared in "The Advocate" of Stamford, Connecticut, July 12, 2007, pA2]
Notable people, past and present
Due to its affluence and convenient location near New York City, Greenwich has long been associated with or has been home or birthplace to well-known people in various fields.
Films shot in Greenwich (reverse chronological order)
*"All Good Things" (2009) with
Ryan Goslingand Kirsten Dunst
*"Old Dogs" (2009) with
John Travoltaand Robin Williams, both of whom have been seen around town. Travolta is staying in a private home in Greenwich while in town. [Costaregni, Susie, "The Dish with Susie" column, "Good morning, Greenwich: Williams sighted", article in "The Advocate" of Stamford, Connecticut, Sunday, July 15, 2007, page A2]
The Accidental Husband" (2006)Gosier, Chris, "Hollywood stars shine on Stamford and Norwalk", news article in "The Advocate" of Stamford, December 31, 2006, pp A3, A7]
*"The Life Before Her Eyes" (2006) [http://www.imdb.com/List?endings=on&&locations=Greenwich,%20Connecticut,%20USA&&heading=18;with+locations+including;Greenwich,%20Connecticut,%20USA Greenwich, Connecticut location] at IMDb.com]
The Path of Most Resistance" (2006)
*"The Good Shepherd" (2006) included scenes from the Byram section of town. [ [http://www.stamfordadvocate.com/news/local/scn-sa-film1aug19,0,5884691,print.story "Thurman film first to receive state tax credits"] , article by Donna Porstner, "The Advocate" of Stamford,
August 19, 2006, accessed August 20, 2006]
*"After Roberto" (2005)
The Family Stone" (2005)
Domino One" (2005)
*"The Stepford Wives" (2004)
*"Chubby Kid, A" (2002)
*"The Ice Storm" (1997)
*"Deadtime Stories" (1986)
*"The April Fools (1969)
*"Time Piece" (1965)
*"Open the Door and See All the People" (1964)
*"The Magic Hat" (1935)
*"Via Wireless" (1915)
*"Two Little Waifs" (1910)
*"The Golden Supper" (1910)
*"The Cardinal's Conspiracy" (1909)
*"A Change of Heart" (1909)
*"The Country Doctor" (1909)
*"Sweet and Twenty" (1909)
*"Tender Hearts" (1909)
*"The Message" (1909)
*"The Little Teacher" (1909)
*Putnam's Cottage (Knapp's Tavern) Historic House Museum
* [http://www.greenwichct.org/ Town of Greenwich, CT] - town government official site
* [http://www.greenwichlocalnews.com/ Greenwich Local News and Events]
* [http://www.greenwichschools.org/ Greenwich Public Schools]
* [http://www.greenwichchamber.com/ Greenwich Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.greenwichlibrary.org/default.asp Greenwich Library]
* [http://www.greenwichsym.org/ Greenwich Symphony]
* [http://www.afgreenwich.org/ Alliance Française of Greenwich]
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