Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan


Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Fort QuAppelle, Saskatchewan
other_name =
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settlement_type = Town
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pushpin_map_caption = Location of Fort Qu'Appelle in Saskatchewan
latd= 50.7667
longd=-103.7833
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pushpin_mapsize =200
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map_caption = Location of "Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan"


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = CAN
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = SK
subdivision_type2 = Region
subdivision_name2 = Saskatchewan
subdivision_type3 = Rural Municipality
subdivision_name3 = No. 187
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title = Governing body
leader_name = Fort Qu'Appelle Town Council
leader_title1 = Mayor
leader_name1 = Ron Osika
leader_title2 = Administrator
leader_name2 = Anna Mae Stainbrook
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
leader_title4 =
leader_name4 =
established_title = Post office Founded
established_date = 1880
established_title2 = Town Established
established_date2 = 1951
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area_total_km2 = 5.58
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population_as_of = 2001
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population_total = 1,940
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timezone = CST
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postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = S0G 1S0
area_code = 306
blank_name =
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blank1_name = Waterways
blank1_info = Qu'Appelle River
website = [http://www.fortquappelle.com/ Fort QuAppelle, Saskatchewan]
footnotes =

Fort Qu'Appelle is a town located in the Qu'Appelle Valley in southern Saskatchewan, Canada, originally established as a Hudson's Bay Company trading post in 1852. Fort Qu'Appelle, with its 1,919 residents in 2006 is located south of Pasqua Lake and a ways north of Fishing Lake, two of the Calling Lakes. Fort Qu'Appelle is located at the junction of Sk Hwy 35, Sk Hwy 10, Sk Hwy 22, Sk Hwy 22, Sk Hwy 35, Sk Hwy 56, and Sk Hwy 215.Citation
last =
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title =Fort Qu'Appelle, SK
publisher = Google Maps
date =
year =
url =http://maps.google.ca/maps?f=q&hl=en&geocode=&time=&date=&ttype=&q=Fort+Qu'Appelle&ie=UTF8&om=1&ll=50.762522,-103.796082&spn=1.221319,2.570801&z=9&iwloc=addr
accessdate = 2007-08-12
The 1897 Hudson’s Bay Company store, 1911 Grand Trunk Pacific Railway station, Fort Qu’Appelle Sanatorium (Fort San), and the Treaty 4 Governance Centre are all landmarks of this community. cite web
last = McLennan
first = David
authorlink =
coauthors =
title =Fort Qu'Appelle
work =The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan
publisher = CANADIAN PLAINS RESEARCH CENTER, UNIVERSITY OF REGINA
date = 2006
url = http://esask.uregina.ca/entry/fort_quappelle.html
format =
doi =
accessdate = 2008-04-15
] The Praying Indian and Teepee are two large roadside attractions commemorating the history of the area where Treaty 4 was signed.cite web
last = Redekopp
first = Dale
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Praying Indian Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan
work =
publisher = LARGE CANADIAN ROADSIDE ATTRACTIONS
date = 1999 - 2006
url = http://www.roadsideattractions.ca/prayingindian.htm
format =
doi =
accessdate = 2008-02-15
]

History

The town of Fort Qu'Appelle (not to be confused with the nearby town of Qu'Appelle) is approximately 65 kilometres north-east of Regina, the provincial capital, between Echo and Mission Lakes, the second and third of the four Fishing Lakes. It is immediately adjacent to the site of the original Fort Qu'Appelle Hudson's Bay Company trading post, whose "factory" is maintained as a historical site and museum. (The 1897 Hudson's Bay stone department store building remains standing on Main Street, though long disused by the Bay.) The surrounding area is home to grain and cattle farms, small rural communities and sixteen Indian reserves.

Demographics

According to the Canada 2001 Census the town's population statistics (which do not include the substantial population living along the lakeshores of the Fishing Lakes) were as follows:

:Population in 2001 — 1,940 :Population in 1996 — 1,987A :1996 to 2001 population change (%) — -2.4 :Total private dwellings — 892 :Population density per square kilometre — 347.8 :Land area (square km) — 5.58

Origins

mission was established [ [http://esask.uregina.ca/entry/fort_quappelle.html David McLennon, "Fort Qu'Appelle," "Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan".] Retrieved 19 November 2007] and again from 1864 to 1911. With the signing of Treaty 4 by Cree and Salteaux aboriginal peoples at Fort Qu'Appelle the North-West Mounted Police arrived [McLennon.] and have maintained a continuous presence in the town ever since.

moved westwards: a post office opened in 1880. [McLennon/] This coincided with the first development of British India after the seizing of control of India from the East India Company by the Crown after the 1857 Indian Mutiny, and the town of Fort Qu'Appelle's striking similarity to the Indian hill stations of the early Raj has been widely commented upon by anyone who has seen both. Older residences and commercial premises together with the town's Anglican and United (formerly Presbyterian) churches are quintessentially of the 19th century hinterland British Empire, a matter which local civic boosters appear not yet to have capitalised upon.

Development

Despite the accelerating decline of rural Saskatchewan in the post-World War II years, the town grew through most of the 1950s and 1960's as a cottage community serving the Qu'Appelle Lakes summer-cottage country in the valley up- and down-river from the town. Cottagers from Regina and other southern Saskatchewan communities used Fort Qu'Appelle as a base from which to explore the scenic and historic river valley, purchase hardware and groceries and contract services; the town also benefited urban drift as farms and other towns steadily depopulated. This process was precipitately accelerated in 1964 when the rural school districts were abolished and farm primary and high school children were thereafter bused to town schools. Rural churches having largely closed in the 1950s, the collapse of rural farming communities was now assured, to the benefit of minor metropoles such as Fort Qu'Appelle though arguably to the impoverishment of the community as a whole.

; [McLennon.] when tuberculosis ceased to be a public health problem the facility was turned into a fine arts complex where a substantial summer program was operated until the early 1990s when the provincial government terminated its funding.

The former Fort Qu'Appelle Indian Hospital was replaced in 2004 by the All Nations Healing Hospital. The hospital is one of the first health care facilities in Canada owned and operated by First Nation governments. There are sixteen in total, five from Touchwood Agency Tribal Council and eleven from File Hills Qu'Appelle Tribal Council.

Tourism

Fort Qu'Appelle is a notable tourist destination both in summer and winter. The lakes afford swimming, boating and other water related activities in summer and cross-country skiing, snowmobiling and ice fishing in winter.

s are held daily during the week.

The Mission Ridge Ski Hill, located just south of the town near the Treaty 4 Grounds, is open during the winter and is patronised by ski-enthusiasts from the valley and environs and from Regina and elsewhere in the region. On the July long weekend Mission Ridge plays host to Rockin' the Ridge, a one day country/rock music festival [http://www.rockintheridge.ca link title] .

Recently, Fort Qu'Appelle and area were host to the 2007 Keystone Cup during April 12th-15th. The Keystone Cup is the Junior "B" ice hockey championship and trophy for Western Canada. The home town host, Fort Knox hockey club, placed 2nd and won the silver medal in the event. The town accommodated players, coaches, parents, and fans during the event.

Education

The town has one high school, Bert Fox Community High School, and one elementary school, Fort Qu'Appelle Elementary Community School. Parklands College is located at the Treaty 4 Governance Centre.

Notable People from Fort Qu'Appelle

* Hockey star Eddie Shore was born in Fort Qu'Appelle.
* 1960s folksinger and activist Buffy Sainte-Marie (who wrote the protest song "Universal Soldier," has been a regular performer on the U.S. version of "Sesame Street" and is an Officer of the Order of Canada) was born on the Piapot Cree reserve in the Qu'Appelle Valley. [ [http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0007100 Jeff Bateman, "Sainte-Marie, Buffy," "The Canadian Encyclopedia".] Retrieved 19 November 2007.]
* James Henderson, "Saskatchewan’s pre-eminent first-generation artist" spent much of his career working in Fort Qu'Appelle. [ [http://esask.uregina.ca/entry/henderson_james_1871-1951.html James E. Lanigan, "James Henderson," Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan.] Retrieved 19 November 2007.]
* Nicholas de Grandmaison (1895-1978), the Russian-born Canadian painter, lived for a time in Fort Qu'Appelle and many of his pictures of aboriginal sitters in traditional dress were done in and around there.
* Noted Canadian jurist and singer Graeme Mitchell grew up at Fort San and received his high school education in Fort Qu'Appelle.
* NHLers Scott Niedermayer and his brother Rob Niedermayer have grandparents who live in Fort Qu'Appelle.

Media

*The town's community newspaper the "Fort Qu'Appelle Times" is released every Tuesday.
*The community radio station, "Voice of the Valley," operates at 88.3 FM.
*The town has 3 television re-transmitters. The transmitters are used by CBC (channel 4), Global (channel 6), and CTV (channel 7).

Fort Qu'Appelle as a television and film location

* The movie Skipped Parts had scenes filmed in Fort Qu'Appelle and in nearby towns as well as the city of Regina

* The CBC movie "Betrayed" was filmed primarily in Fort Qu'Appelle, with notable sites including the old hospital (both in and out).

* The television series Life Without Borders is filmed and produced in the Fort Qu'Appelle area.

Notes

External links

* [http://www.fortquappelle.com/hist.html Community website] - History of Fort Qu'Appelle
* [http://library.usask.ca/spcoll/postcardsquappelle/ftquappelle.html University of Saskatchewan Library: postcard views of the Qu'Appelle Valley at the turn of the 20th century]
* [http://www.fortquappelle.com/anhh.html Hospital Website] - Official site of the All Nation's Healing Hospital

Canadian City Geographic Location
North=Fort San
West=Edgeley
Center=Fort Qu'Appelle
East=Lebret
South=Indian Head


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