Pinkerton Academy


Pinkerton Academy

Infobox Private School
name = Pinkerton Academy


motto = Quality Education Since 1814
established = 1814
type = Public/Private
religion = None
headmaster = Headmaster
headmaster = Mary Anderson
city = Derry
state = NH
country = USA
campus = Suburban, convert|170|acre|km2
23 buildings
enrollment = 3,316 (2007-08 school year)
faculty = ~280
class = ~28 students
ratio = ~12:1
SAT = 520 Verbal
523 Mathcite web
url=http://www4.measuredprogress.org/NHProfile/DistGrad.cfm?MyYear=2004-2005&MyDist=999&MyDistName=Pinkerton%20Academy)
title=Pinkerton District Graduation Report
accessdate=December 28|accessyear=2006
Publisher=New Hampshire Department of Education
work=New Hampshire Department of Education.
]
athletics = Astros
colors = Red/White
mascot = Astroman
homepage = [http://www.pinkertonacademy.net/ Pinkerton Academy]

Pinkerton Academy is a secondary school in Derry, New Hampshire. It is the largest independent academy in the United States,Fact|date=September 2008 serving roughly 3,600 students as the high school (grades 9 - 12) for the communities of Derry, Hampstead and Chester and Auburn. The Academy is a private non-profit corporation administered by a Headmaster, who in turn acts under the direction of an elected twelve member Board of Trustees.

The Academy is set on a large New England campus. Since the original four-room Old Academy Building opened in 1815, nine major buildings have been constructed including the new Arts and Humanities Center dedicated in September, 2002. In addition to these major buildings, eight smaller buildings that serve specific needs are scattered around the campus.

History

In 1793, a classical high school was established in eastern Londonderry and was maintained for twenty years by direct tax, tuition, and voluntary contributions. In 1814, Reverend Edward Parker asked Major John Pinkerton and Elder James Pinkerton, who had made significant contributions to the classical high school, to make the school permanent. Later that year, they obtained an act incorporating the school under the name Pinkerton Academy from the state legislature. The academy opened on December 4, 1815 as an all-male institution with an endowment of $16,000 by John Pinkerton "for the purpose of promoting piety and virtue and the education of youth in science, languages, and the liberal arts." cite book
last = Fay
first = Edwin Whitfield
title = Circular of Information
publisher = Washington Government Printing Office
year = 1898
url = =
] For the following years, the Scottish immigrants of Londonderry helped maintained the academy and also contributed funds for it. In 1853 the academy became coeducational with the erection of a ladies' boarding hall.cite book
last = Stearns
first = Ezra
coauthors = William F. Witcher, Edward Parker
title = Genealogical and Family History of the State of New Hampshire
publisher = The Lewis Publishing Company
year = 1908
pages = pp. 2012 and pp. 2013
url = http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC02689026&id=PHPLT1QY9LQC&pg=RA111-PA2013&lpg=RA110-PA2012&dq=%22pinkerton+academy
] In 1881, upon the death of John Morrison Pinkerton, son of Elder James, the Academy received a second bequest. The Trustees used these funds to increase the number of instructors and to provide for an enlarged and advanced program of studies. Changes in the curriculum and the completion of the Pinkerton Building in 1887 allowed Pinkerton students to choose from a variety of college and non-college bound programs of studies. The funds were also used to buy a library and to erect a new school building. This was a large erection, but was completed quickly and the scenic landscape accented the beautiful new buildings. ]

Pinkerton continued to function as an independent day and boarding school until 1948. In 1949, the Academy entered into an agreement with the town of Derry, New Hampshire, that marked a significant turning point in the school's history. As a result of the service agreement, Pinkerton educated all high school aged students who lived in Derry. The town of Derry paid for the school's services on a per pupil tuition basis. Although Pinkerton maintained its private school status, the Academy began to function as a comprehensive independent academy.

In 1962, the town of Derry negotiated a long-term contractual agreement with Pinkerton Academy. The contract specified the terms and conditions under which Pinkerton's services were purchased. Over the next thirty years, additional communities (Chester, Hampstead, Auburn, Londonderry and Windham) signed service contracts with the Academy. In response to the increased number of public school students attending Pinkerton, new facilities were built. Due to the changing needs and interests of this larger student population, Pinkerton once again developed new courses and fields of study while maintaining its existing college preparatory programs. In 1978, the citizens of Londonderry voted to end their tuition agreements with the academy and established Londonderry High School. cite web |url=http://schools.londonderry.org/assets/documents/common/districtProfile.pdf |title=Londonderry School District Profile |accessdate=January 2|accessyear=2007 |Publisher=Londonderry School District |work=Londonderry School District |date = December 3 2004 |format = PDF ] . Students from Windham also no longer attend Pinkerton Academy. They currently attend Salem High School, and will soon attend Windham High School, set to open in 2009. [ cite web | url = http://www.windhamsd.org/ | title = Windham School District Official Home Page | accessdate = 2008-01-09] [ cite web | url = http://www.windhamsd.org/highschool/ | title = Windham High School Official Home Page | accessdate = 2008-01-09] Pinkerton is the currently largest independent academy in the United States serving 3,400 students as the high school (grades 9 - 12) for the communities of Derry, Hampstead and Chester. [ [http://www.pinkertonacademy.net/ Pinkerton Academy official website] ]

Campus

Pinkerton academy's campus spans over convert|170|acre|km2. The center of the academy's campus is the main campus that holds buildings where classes are taught, and the surrounding area is used for specific non-academic purposes. The main campus is eight acres, leaving convert|162|acre|km2 for extracurricular activities. There are nine academic buildings which are located in the main campus: the Pinkerton Building, the Shepard Building, the Saltmarsh Library, the Frost English Wing, the First and Second Portables, the Low Vocational Building, the Pinkerton Field House, the Ek Science Building, the Hackler Gymnasium, and The Arts & Humanities Building which holds the Stockbridge Theatre. Plays and local events are shown at the Stockbridge Theatre on occasion.cite web
title = Description of Pinkerton Academy
work = [http://www.pinkertonacademy.net Pinkerton Academy]
publisher = Pinkerton Academy
url = http://www.pinkertonacademy.net/Admin/DESCR.HTM
accessdate = 2006-12-30
] Some buildings are dedicated to important people of the Academy, such as Robert Frost, Alan Shepard, and Ivah A. Hackler. The Pinkerton building was built in 1887 to replace the original school building. It is named after the Pinkerton family, the original founders of the school, and consists of two stories and a basement. The building now holds foreign language classes and administrative offices.

In addition, there are eight smaller buildings around the main campus: The Green House, the Alumni Building (the original school building), Hayne's House, Mackenzie's House, Sugar House, Piper Maintenance Building, and Room 30. 95 acres are used for athletic fields, faculty housing, and farmland.

Academics

Classes are divided into eight periods, including a half lunch and half study period. Classes begin at 7:15 a.m. and end at 2:10 p.m.cite web
url=http://www.pinkertonacademy.net/Students_Page/bellschd.htm
title=Pinkerton Academy Bell Schedule
accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
Publisher=Pinkerton Academy
work=Pinkerton Academy
]

Pinkerton offers 17 Advanced Placement courses and many vocational electives such as accounting, agriculture, automotive technology, botany, consumer economics, computer programming, drafting, engineering, field biology, journalism, landscaping, and more.cite web
url=http://www.pinkertonacademy.net/Admin/Course%20Catalog%2007-08.pdf
title=Pinkerton Academy Course Catalog
accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
Publisher=Pinkerton Academy
format = PDF
work=Pinkerton Academy
]

In 2005, 158 students took the Advanced Placement exams. The academy also offers college bound and non-college bound courses in each core academic discipline. cite web
url=http://www.pinkertonacademy.net/Departments/GUIDANCE/New_Web_Page/Edu_dev/School_Profile-06.pdf
title=Pinkerton Academy School Profile
accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
Publisher=Pinkerton Academy
format = PDF
work=Pinkerton Academy
]

Of the class of 2006, 53% were admitted to four-year colleges, 18% went to two-year colleges and 29% were not college bound. The class had an average SAT score of 1525 (out of 2400).

Advanced Placement Offerings

* AP Art History
* AP Biology
* AP Calculus (AB & BC)
* AP Chemistry
* AP English Language and Composition
* AP English Literature and Composition
* AP European History
* AP French Language
* AP German Language
* AP Macroeconomics
* AP Microeconomics
* AP Music Theory
* AP Physics B
* AP Psychology
* AP Spanish
* AP Statistics
* AP U.S. History

Extra-curricular activities

Athletics

Pinkerton offers 28 variety of sports throughout the school year including football, volleyball, field hockey, cheerleading, golf, cross-country and soccer in the fall; basketball, gymnastics, ice hockey, track, swimming, and wrestling in the winter; baseball, softball, lacrosse, tennis, and track in the spring.cite web
title = Pinkerton Academy Student Athletic Booklet
work = Pinkerton Academy
publisher = Pinkerton Academy
url = http://www.pinkertonacademy.net/ATHL_files/Booklet/Athletic%20Booklet.pdf | format = PDF
accessdate = 2006-12-30
] The school's mascot is the Astro. The boys lacrosse team has won the state championship numerous times, and the football team has won seven titles, including four in a row in the 90's and the last two championships. The gymnastics team went undefeated and won the state championship 3 consecutive seasons from 2004-2006. cite web
title = Pinkerton Academy Sports
work = Pinkerton Academy
publisher = Pinkerton Academy
url = http://www.pinkertonacademy.net/ATHL_files/ATHL.HTM
accessdate = 2006-12-30
]

Football was established in the late 19th century but was later removed due to lack of sufficient funding from tuitions. It was revived in 1904. In 1907 the team won the Massachusetts State Interscholastic Title. Other undefeated teams were the 1905, 1915, 1936, 1948, 1984, 1985, 1991, 1993, and 2006 teams. All the rest of the teams were defeated at least once, sometimes multiple times. In 2007, the Pinkerton football team won their third straight state title. cite book
last = Forsaith
first = Carl C.
title = Pinkerton Academy 1814-1964
publisher = Edward O. Hatch
year = 1965
location = Derry, New Hampshire
pages = pp. 96-98
id = ISBN B0007EOK1Y
] cite web
title = Pinkerton caps off 12-0 season with title
work = Union Leader
publisher = Union Leader
url = http://www.unionleader.com/article.aspx?headline=Pinkerton+caps+off+12-0+season+with+title&articleId=298b0e2e-c758-4982-ad45-6b5b5e07db67
accessdate = 2007-02-09
]

The girls basketball team was organized in 1913, and won their first championship game in 1934. They were also undefeated in 1957 along with the boys' team, and won their second state championship in 2006.

Academics

Pinkerton has chapters of FFA, National Honors Society, FBLA-PBL, SkillsUSA, and other national organizations. Students participate in academic competitions such as the Math Team, Granite State Challenge, and FIRST Robotics.cite web
title = Pinkerton Academy Clubs and Organizations
work = [http://www.pinkertonacademy.net Pinkerton Academy]
publisher = Pinkerton Academy
url = http://www.pinkertonacademy.net/Clubs/CLUB.HTM
accessdate = 2006-12-30
]

pecial interests

The Academy allow students to join clubs according to their special interests. These clubs include: AIDS awareness club, Asian club, visual basic club, Critic (yearbook), Pinkerton Television, Peace Club, dance club, philosophy club, the student-run publication "The Kaleidoscope", and more. The school also has a Chinese exchange program, where students raise money to stay at Tianjin with a host family and attend classes in English there. Fact|date=June 2008 Students from Tanggu No. 1 High School, in exchange, visit Pinkerton.cite web
title = State official pushes for Chinese exchange
last = Dornin
first = Chris
work = [http://www.seacoastonline.com/news/index.htm Portsmouth Herald]
publisher = Seacoast Online
url = http://www.seacoastonline.com/news/07302006/nhnews-30bramante.html
accessdate = 2006-12-30
]

Notable alumni

*Samantha Brown - Host of the Travel Channel's "Great Hotels, Passport to Europe, and Passport to Latin America".cite web
url=http://www.newhampshire.com/nh-people/samantha-brown-biography.aspx
title=New Hampshire People: Samantha Brown|accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
Publisher=Union Leader Corporation
work=New Hampshire.com
]
*Jim Coburn - Republican candidate in New Hampshire gubernatorial election, 2006.cite web
url=http://www.jimcoburn.com/about/bio.html
title=Jim Coburn
accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
Publisher=Coburn For Governor
work=Coburn For Governor
]
*Tricia Dunn-Luoma - American Olympic Ice Hockey Player.cite web
url=http://www.usahockey.com/usa_hockey/main_site/main/usa_hockey/dunn_usa_0102/
title=Tricia Dunn
accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
Publisher=USA Hockey
work=USA Hockey
]
*Jasmine Dustin - Modeled for the Lingerie Bowl and appeared in "American Pie Presents Band Camp". cite web
url=http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1980107/bio
title=Biography for Jasmine Dustin
accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
Publisher=IMDB.
work=IMDB
]
*Charles Miller Floyd - Governor of New Hampshire, 1907–1909. cite web
url=http://www.nh.gov/nhdhr/glikeness/floychar.html
title=Charles Floyd
accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
Publisher=New Hampshire Division of Historical Resources.
work = New Hampshire Division of Historical Resources
]
*George Cochrane Hazelton - United States Representative from Wisconsin, 1877-1883. cite web
url=http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=H000418)
title=George Cochrane Hazelton
accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
Publisher=Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
work=Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
]
*Gerry Whiting Hazelton - United States Representative from Wisconsin, 1871-1875. cite web
url=http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=H000419)
title=Gerry Whiting Hazelton
accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
Publisher=Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
work=Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
]
*Irene Keith - First woman jet aircraft air traffic controller in the United States.
*Edward J. Normand - prominent lawyer known for representing Lloyd's of London in the dispute over the extent that its insurance covered the September 11th attacks on the World Trade Center.
*Frank Naismith Parsons - Chief Justice of the New Hampshire Supreme Court, 1902-1924. cite web
url=http://www.nh.gov/nhdhr/justices/parsons.html
title=Frank Naismith Parsons
accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
Publisher=New Hampshire Division of Historical Resources.
work = New Hampshire Division of Historical Resources
]
*George Washington Patterson - United States Representative and Lieutenant Governor of New York, 1849-1851. cite web
url=http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=P000116)
title=PATTERSON, George Washington
accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
Publisher=Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
work = Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
]
*Keri Lynn Pratt - American film and television actress.cite web
url=http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0005325/bio
title=Biography for Keri Lynn Pratt
accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
Publisher=IMDB.
work = IMDB
]
*William Adams Richardson - United States Secretary of the Treasury under the Grant Administration, 1873-1874. cite book
last = Hackett
first = Frank W.
title = A Sketch of the Life and Public Service of William Adams Richardson
publisher = Private
year = 1898
location = Washington
pages = pp. 19
url = http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC00408021&id=ygwqPYK0hxcC&pg=PA19&lpg=PA19&dq=#PPA19,M1
]
*Alan Shepard - First American astronaut in space. cite web
url=http://history.nasa.gov/40thmerc7/shepard.htm
title=Alan B. Shepard, Jr.
accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
Publisher=NASA.
work = NASA
]
*Pamela Smart - Convicted in 1991 of conspiracy to commit murder.cite web
url=http://www.hampton.lib.nh.us/hampton/biog/pamsmart/verdict_guilty.htm
title=Sex, Lies, and Murder
accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
]
*Harriet Elizabeth Prescott Spofford - American novelist and poet. cite book
last = Halbeisen
first = Elizabeth
title = Harriet Prescott Spofford: A Romantic Survival
publisher = University of Philadelphia Press
year = 1935
]
*Aaron Fletcher Stevens - Brevet Brigadier General during the American Civil War, as well as a two-term U.S. Congressman. cite web
url=http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=S000875)
title=STEVENS, Aaron Fletcher
accessdate=December 29|accessyear=2006
Publisher=Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
work=Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
]

Notable faculty

*Robert Frost - famous American poet (1906-1911) and recipient of four Pulitzer Prizes. cite web
last = Crifasi
first = Robert
url=http://www.millikin.edu/aci/crow/chronology/frostbio.html
title=Chronology of Robert Frost
accessdate=January 6|accessyear=2007
Publisher=Millikin University.
work=Millikin University
]

References

External links

* [http://www.pinkertonacademy.net Pinkerton Academy Web Site]
* [http://www.pinkertonacademy.net/Clubs/Kaleidoscope/Kaleidoscope.pdf "The Kaleidoscope"] (PDF)
* [http://www.pinkertonacademy.net/ALUMNI/New_Alumnus.pdf "The Alumnus"] (PDF)


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