- West Galicia
Territory of the Habsburg Monarchy ←
Kraków (from 1797)
History - Third partition October 24 1795 - Joined Galicia 1803 - Treaty of Schönbrunn December 15, 1809
New Galicia or West Galicia (Polish: Nowa Galicja or Galicja Zachodnia, German: Neugalizien or Westgalizien) was an administrative region of the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy, constituted from the territory annexed in the course of the Third Partition of Poland in 1795.
After the failed Kościuszko Uprising of 1794, Emperor Francis II of Habsburg agreed with Empress Catherine II of Russia to again divide and thereby completely abolish the remaining Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, a decision which Prussia joined on 24 October 1795. Austria, which had not participated in the Second Partition, now received a share that comprised the lands north of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria gained in the First Partition of 1772. Habsburg then occupied whole Lesser Poland, stretching along the upper Vistula river to the outskirts of Praga and Warsaw, the tributaries of Bug and Pilica forming the northern border with New East Prussia.
In 1803 it was merged with Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, but retained some autonomy. It remained a territory of the Austrian Empire even when in 1807 Napoleon I of France created the Duchy of Warsaw from territories in Greater Poland which Prussia had annexed in the Second and Third Partition and now was forced to renounce according to the Treaty of Tilsit. Austria lost New Galicia in the 1809 War of the Fifth Coalition, after a corps under Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph of Austria-Este on 15 April 1809 started the Polish–Austrian War by invading the Duchy of Warsaw. Despite the archduke's plans to move in as a national liberator he was challenged by the forces of Prince Józef Antoni Poniatowski at the Battle of Raszyn. Austria was finally defeated at the Battle of Wagram on July 6, whereafter New Galicia was attached to the Duchy of Warsaw by the Treaty of Schönbrunn.
With the Final Act of the Vienna Congress in 1815 the territory became part of Congress Poland, ruled in personal union by Emperor Alexander I of Russia, while Kraków nominally retained its independence as the Free City of Kraków.
From 1797 the seat of the local government (Gubernium) was located at Kraków. The province was divided into twelve districts:
A civil code was introduced in West Galicia, prior to the introduction of the Austrian Civil Code in 1811. It contained little in the way of solving feudal-class problems and was based on the laws of nature.
Timeline of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria Territory
Zamosch area New Galicia
Krakau area Neu Sandez area Galicia
Tarnopol area Bukovina
Years western eastern before 1769 part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth part of Moldavia 1769–1772 to Austria, ca. 1769 1772–1775 First Partition of Poland, 1772 First Partition of Poland, 1772 1775–1789 Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria
including the duchies of Auschwitz and Zator;
part of the Habsburg Empire, 1772–1804; of the Austrian Empire, 1804–1867; of Cisleithania, Austria–Hungary, 1867–1918
Bukovina Military District, 1775–1789 1789–1795 Bukovina District, 1789–1849 1795–1803 Third Partition of Poland, 1795
New Galicia (or West Galicia)
1803–1809 New Galicia merged into Galicia, 1803 1809–1815 to the Duchy of Warsaw, 1809–1815 to Russia, 1809–1815 1815–1846 to the "Congress" Kingdom of Poland, 1815–1918 Free City of Cracow, 1815–1846 1846–1849 Grand Duchy of Cracow, 1846–1918 1849–1918 Duchy of Bukovina, 1849–1918 1918–1919 to Poland, 1918 West Ukrainian National Republic, 1918–1919 to Romania, 1918 after 1919 Galicia Other Austrian territories
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Galicia (Central Europe) — Galicia ( uk. Галичина ( Halychyna ), pl. Galicja) is a historical region in East Central Europe, currently divided between Poland and Ukraine, named after Ukraіniаn city of Halych.The nucleus of historic Galicia is formed of three regions of… … Wikipedia
West Galician Code — The West Galician code was a civil code created in the 18th century and introduced in West Galicia, an administrative region of the Habsburg Monarchy, created after the Third Partition of Poland, prior to the introduction of ABGB, the civil code… … Wikipedia
Galicia (Spain) — Galicia Autonomous Community Flag … Wikipedia
GALICIA — (Pol. Galicia; Ger. Galizien; Rus. Galitsiya), geographical political region of E. Europe, in S.E. Poland and N.W. Ukraine, extending northward from the Carpathians into the Vistula Valley to the San River. After numerous changes in the Middle… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Galicia-Volhynia — Infobox Former Country native name = Галицко Волинскоє Королѣвство(Галицько Волинське королівство) conventional long name = Kingdom of Galicia Volhynia common name = Galicia Volhynian Kingdom continent = Europe region = Europe year start = 1199… … Wikipedia
Galicia — /geuh lish ee euh, lish euh/; for 2 also Sp. /gah lee thyah/, n. 1. a region in E central Europe: a former crown land of Austria, included in S Poland after World War I, and now partly in Ukraine. ab. 30,500 sq. mi. (79,000 sq. km). 2. a maritime … Universalium
West Ukrainian National Republic — Infobox Former Country native name = Західно Українська Народна Республика Zakhidno Ukrayins’ka Narodna Respublyka conventional long name = West Ukrainian National Republic common name = West Ukraine continent = Europe region = Eastern Europe… … Wikipedia
Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria — Infobox Former Country native name = Królestwo Galicji i Lodomerii wraz z Wielkim Księstwem Krakowskim i Księstwem Oświęcimia i Zatoru Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien mit dem Großherzogtum Krakau und den Herzogtümern Auschwitz und Zator… … Wikipedia
Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia — Kingdom of Rus redirects here. For Tsardom of Rus , see Tsardom of Russia. For other uses, see Galich (disambiguation). Galicia–Volhynia Галицько Волинське королівство ← … Wikipedia
Kingdom of Galicia — For the Kingdom of Galicia, now part of Poland and Ukraine, see Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. Kingdom of Galicia pt (Galician) Galliciense Regnum (Latin) … Wikipedia