- General Zionists
The General Zionists ( _he. ציונים כלליים, "Tzionim Klalim") were centrists within the Zionist movement and a political party in
Israel. Their political arm is an ancestor of the modern-day Likudparty.
General Zionism was initially the term to refer to the beliefs of the majority of members of the Zionist Organization [ZO] who had not joined a specific faction or party and belonged to their countrywide Zionist organizations only. [ [http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Zionism/General_Zionism.html General Zionism] Jewish Virtual Library]
In 1922, various non-aligned groups and individuals established the Organization of General Zionists as a non-ideological party within the Zionist Organization (later the World Zionist Organization) at a time when the Zionist movement was becoming polarized between Labour Zionists and
However, eventually the General Zionists became identified with European liberal and
middle classbeliefs in private propertyand capitalism. From 1931 to 1945 the General Zionist movement was divided into two factions due to differences over social issues, economics and labour issues (e.g. the Histadrut). In the years following the establishment of the state of Israelin 1948, the General Zionists moved towards the right in opposition to the hegemony of Mapaiand other Labour Zionist movements in Israeli politics.
Political activity in Israel
The General Zionists entered the elections for the first Knesset in 1949. They won 5.2% of the vote and seven seats, but were not included in either of
David Ben Gurion's coalition governments.
The 1951 elections were a huge success, with the party winning 20 seats, making it the second largest in the
Knesset. The party was enlarged soon after the elections when the Sephardim and Oriental Communitiesparty and the Yemenite Associationmerged into it (though the one Yemenite Association MK left the party again before the end of the session). Although they were not included in the coalition for the third government, they were brought into the fourth government after Ben Gurion had removed the Ultra-orthodox parties, Agudat Israeland Agudat Israel Workers, over the dispute over religious educationthat had brought down the previous government. They were also included in Moshe Sharett's fifth government, but not the sixth.
In the 1955 elections the party slumped to 13 seats, and were not included in either of the third Knesset's coalition governments.
A further slump to eight seats in the 1959 elections and exclusion from the coalition made the party rethink their strategy. Eventually the party decided to merge with the 6-seat Progressive Party to form the Liberal Party. Nevertheless, the party helped bring down the government in 1961 when it and
Heruttabled a motion of no confidence in the government over the Lavon Affair.
In the 1961 elections the new Israel Liberal Party won 17 seats, making it the third largest in the Knesset. During the session, ten MKs (mostly former General Zionists) merged with the right-wing
Herutto form Gahalwhilst the other seven (most from the Progressive Party) set up the Independent Liberals. Gahal later became Likud.
* [http://www.knesset.gov.il/faction/eng/FactionPage_eng.asp?PG=81 General Zionists] Knesset website
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
GENERAL ZIONISTS — GENERAL ZIONISTS, Zionist and Israeli party. The General Zionists were originally a loose political group within the Zionist movement, made up of those Zionists who were neither socialists nor religious and who at first did not draw up a program… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
General Zionists — Zionist groups that were not religious or socialist … English contemporary dictionary
General Zionist Party — (Hatzionim Haklaliyim) In June 1946, the General Zionists A and B, previously separate political parties, joined to form the General Zionist Party. The General Zionists, Group A, in the main represented middle class interests as well as… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
General Jewish Labour Union — The General Jewish Labour Union of Lithuania, Poland and Russia, in Yiddish the Algemeyner Yidisher Arbeter Bund in Lite, Poyln un Rusland (אַלגעמײַנער ײדישער אַרבעטער בונד אין ליטע פוילין און רוסלאַנד), generally called The Bund (בונד, from de.… … Wikipedia
Religious Zionists of America — The Religious Zionists of America (Hebrew official name: Mizrachi Hapoel Hamizrachi, also referred to in general terms as Mizrahi) is an American based organization that serves as the official body for those, mostly Modern Orthodox Jews who… … Wikipedia
ZIONISM — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the word and its meaning forerunners ḤIBBAT ZION ROOTS OF ḤIBBAT ZION background to the emergence of the movement the beginnings of the movement PINSKER S AUTOEMANCIPATION settlement… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
POLITICAL LIFE AND PARTIES — Introduction It was largely due to the existence of the pre state political parties, which had conducted intensive political activities for almost half a century within the framework of the yishuv , under the British Mandate for Palestine, that… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HISTORICAL SURVEY: THE STATE AND ITS ANTECEDENTS (1880–2006) — Introduction It took the new Jewish nation about 70 years to emerge as the State of Israel. The immediate stimulus that initiated the modern return to Zion was the disappointment, in the last quarter of the 19th century, of the expectation that… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Zionism — is an international political movement that originally supported the reestablishment of a homeland for the Jewish People in Palestine (Hebrew: Eretz Yisra el, “the Land of Israel”), and continues primarily as support for the modern state of… … Wikipedia
POLAND — POLAND, republic in E. Central Europe; the kingdom of Poland and the grand duchy of Lithuania united formally (Poland Lithuania) in 1569. This article is arranged according to the following outline: the early settlements jewish legal status… … Encyclopedia of Judaism