- Şanlıurfa Province
Infobox Province TR
licence = 63
turkname = Şanlıurfa |
Syriac: Urhoy, [Turkish] : urfa, [Arabic] : ar-Rûha) is a province in Southeast Anatolia, Turkey. The city of Şanlıurfais the capital of the province which bears its name. The population is 1,700,352 (2006 est).
Population in 1990 was 1,001,455; 551,124 in the district centers, 450,331 in rural villages. By
2000, the population of Şanlıurfa province had grown to 1,436,956 and that of Şanlıurfa city, 829,000.
Şanlıurfa province is divided into 11 districts (capital district in bold):
Area 18,584 km² (7,173 sq. miles), the largest province of Southeast Anatolia with:
Adıyamanto the north;
Syriato the south;
Mardinand Diyarbakırto the east;
Gaziantepto the west;
Şanlıurfa includes several major components of the
Southeastern Anatolia Project(in Turkish "Güneydogu Anadolu Projesi" (GAP)) designed to:
* exploit the
hydropowerpotential of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers;
* dramatically expand
irrigationfor agriculture; and
* develop the economy of the region. This very large-scale, state-sponsored development project involved the damming, redirecting,
hydroelectrictapping and other utilization of rivers in this broad, semi-arid region. (The rivers then flow into Syria and Iraq). The GAP project includes 22 dams, hundreds of miles of irrigation works.
Even before GAP, Şanlıurfa Province had the largest share of cultivated and cultivable land in the GAP region, due to its flatness and highly fertile, agricultural land. The Şanlıurfa and
HarranPlains extend over an area of about 1,500 km² (579 sq. miles). Irrigating these plains is one of the most important components of GAP.
According to the 1990 census, Şanlıurfa Province contained 148,521 households, and the average household size was 6.74 persons. 71 % of household heads described their occupation as farming. In
1992, Şanlıurfa had the highest concentration of land ownership in Turkey, with a landless rate of 48%. While 5% of the families in the province owned 65% of the land, the vast majority (70%) owned only 10%.
Şanlıurfa’s average annual growth rate between 1985 and 1990 was 4.6%, considerably higher than both the national and regional averages.
Şanlıurfaand Edessa, Mesopotamia.
The politics of Şanlıurfa Province are still widely shaped by the electoral adherence of a number of
Zazaclans ("aşiret"). In particular, the districts along the Euphratesriver have long been a power base for the traditional center-right DYP, formerly under Süleyman Demireland Mrs. Tansu Çiller, and now under ex-chief of police Mr. Mehmet Ağar.
Turkey's ruling AKP did come first in 2004 local elections with a comfortable 43.04 %, but the DYP, currently out of parliament, seems to be recovering under the new leadership of Mr. Ağar, who is known for his intimacy with the local feudal structures.
Much effort is deployed by
DEHAP, campaigning on Kurdish-identity consciousness arguments, to attract clan votes, but this is complicated by polemics of the definitions of a Kurdish and a distinct Zaza identity. Several clans were at the forefront of the struggle against PKKterrorism in the 1980s and the 1990s. Still, DEHAP registered some success in 2004 local elections, coming second in the province with 16.95 %, rising from 12,06 % in 1999, with a faithful electorate in the two districts bordering Diyarbakır Province. DEHAP traditionally avoids the districts bordering Syriaand populated by ethnic Arabs, where they did not even name candidates for the 2004 elections. MHP, campaigning on Turkish-identity consciousness arguments, after having scored an exceptional 7,18 % in 1999, has in 2004 ebbed back to a more usual 2,97 %.
CHPusually obtains a modest share, slightly below 10%.
The current mayor of Sanliurfa is Dr. Ahmet Eşref FAKIBABA, a former general surgeon who has helped renovate the city and bring it up to a cleaner and structured level. He is known for strong position against clan governance. He has helped bring transparency, dedication, and honesty back to the entire city.
* [http://www.sanliurfa.bel.tr Website of the City of Sanliurfa]
Districts of Turkey
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