- Kingsbury, Warwickshire
Infobox UK place
country = England
population = 4,168 (urban area 2001)
region= West Midlands
constituency_westminster= North Warwickshire
postcode_district = B78
Kingsbury is a large village and
civil parishin the North Warwickshiredistrict of the county of Warwickshire, in the West Midlands region of England.
It is situated between
Birminghamand Tamworth(which is 6 miles/10 km to the north), overlooking the River Tame. The A51 to Chesterstarts from here; as does the A4097, which runs through Curdworthand Minworthbefore joining the A38. This continues to Junction 6 of the M6 (Spaghetti Junction) giving access to the motorway network of the Midlands and the City of Birmingham. Kingsbury is notable for the Kingsbury Water Parkand a large oil storage depot to the northeast.
The village of Kingsbury forms part of a larger
civil parishof the same name which includes the nearby settlements of Hurley, Piccadilly and Wood End. In the 2001 census, the parish had a population of 7,523 [ [http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/viewFullDataset.do?instanceSelection=03070&productId=779&$ph=60_61&datasetInstanceId=3070&startColumn=1&numberOfColumns=8&containerAreaId=790537 Parish Headcounts for North Warwickshire] ] .
The urban area of Kingsbury village itself had 4,168 inhabitants [ [http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/ssdataset.asp?vlnk=8271&More=Y 2001 urban areas headcounts] ] .
The name Kingsbury is derived from the Saxon "Chinesburie" meaning 'royal fortified house' or 'Kings Fort'. The 'bury' part of the name means 'fort' or 'defensive work'. The location of the church and remains of a
medievalhome (Kingsbury Hall) above the river suggest a good location for a 'defensive' work. Kingsbury Hall (or Bracebridge Hall as it was their family home for many years) is now only part lived in as a farmhouse. It was a fortified manor house and the remains of a curtain wall can still be seen. Kingsbury was founded by the same Anglestribe that established Curdworthand Minworth.
The village is mentioned in the
Domesdaysurvey. Two priests are recorded, so the church must have existed. So is Hemlingford Mill, which still exists. It was originally a water mill, used for many purposes including milling corn into flour and grinding gun barrels for muskets during the Napoleonic Wars. Later it was used as a garden centre. A bridge was built across the River Tame near to the mill in 1783. This was single carriageway so traffic lights were installed later on, until it was bypassed by a new road to serve the oil terminal in the 1960s. The centre section of the old bridge was swept away by a flash flood in the early 1980s and was replaced with modern concrete. It is now used for pedestrians only.
In 1473-4 during the
Wars of the Rosesthere was a family dispute involving the Bracebridges and their distant relations, the Ardens ( William Shakespeare's maternal ancestors) of Park Hall in Castle Bromwich. John Arden had fallen in love with Alice Bracebridge. John's father, Sir Walter, did not approve. John was kidnapped and taken to Bracebridge Hall. Sir Walter appealed to King Edward IV, who appointed Sir Simon de Montfordof Coleshill and Sir Richard Bingham of Middleton to arbitrate. John and Alice were married in February 1474. In 1502 John inherited Park Hall in Castle Bromwich, while his younger brother Thomas settled at Wilmcote near Stratford upon Avon. Thomas had a son Robert who was the father of Mary Arden, William Shakespeare's mother.
The stones of the church porch show evidence of arrow-sharpening grooves, sometimes said to have been done by soldiers but more probably by hunting parties or locals waiting their turn for the nearby village butts, as all males had to be proficient with a longbow.
Until the 19th century Kingsbury was a small hamlet, and the main landowner in the area was the Prime Minister Sir
Robert Peel. The Birmingham and Derby Railwaywas built through Kingsbury in 1839 and industry was soon established, most notably coal miningand gravelextraction, which fuelled the expansion of the village.
The mine has now gone and the railway station was closed in 1968 under the 'Beeching' cuts. Whilst the station building has gone, the station master's house (built by LMS in 1926) still exists alongside the site. The large oil storage depots, which serve the whole of the Midlands, were established in the late-1960's to the northeast of Kingsbury.
Kingsbury is now mainly a large
commutervillage. Although relatively small, the village has facilities and services including a primary school, a secondary school, a swimming pool (situated at the secondary school but open to the public), two pubs, the Swan and the Royal Oak, a country club, churches and shops. In 2006 its population was in excess of 8,000 inhabitants and is frequently referred to as a town rather than a village.
Tamworth, Atherstone, Water Orton, Coleshill, Curdworth, Minworth, Hurley, Erdington, Sutton Coldfield, Middleton, Lea Marston, Whitacre Heath, Polesworth, Grendon, Dordon, Wishaw, Bodymoor Heath, Birmingham. District: North Warwickshire.
*"Warwickshire Towns & Villages" by Geoff Allen 2000 ISBN 1-85058-642-X
* [http://www.kingsburyparishcouncil.co.uk/ Kingsbury Parish Council]
* [http://homepage.ntlworld.com/robert.haines7/khs/index.html Kingsbury History Society]
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