Red Bluff, California


Red Bluff, California

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Red Bluff, California
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settlement_type = City
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mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location in Tehama County and the state of California


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = California
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Tehama
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area_total_km2 = 19.6
area_land_km2 = 19.3
area_water_km2 = 0.3
area_total_sq_mi = 7.5
area_land_sq_mi = 7.4
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
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population_as_of = 2000
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population_total = 13147
population_density_km2 = 670.8
population_density_sq_mi = 1752.9
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timezone = Pacific (PST)
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 40 |latm = 10 |lats = 36 |latNS = N
longd = 122 |longm = 14 |longs = 17 |longEW = W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 93
elevation_ft = 305
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 96080
area_code = 530
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 06-59892
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0277581
website =
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Red Bluff is the county seat of Tehama County, California. As of the 2000 census, the incorporated city had a total population of 13,147, but it is currently (January 2007) estimated at 26,000 due to recent annexations.Fact|date=June 2008

Red Bluff is about 30 miles (48 km) south of Redding, 40 miles (64 km) northwest of Chico, and 125 miles (201 km) north of Sacramento. It is the third largest city in the Shasta Cascades.

History

The Nomlaki people originally inhabited the area along the banks of the Sacramento River where Red Bluff was built. Most of the native population of the area died in a malaria epidemic in the early 1830s.

The earliest Europeans known to have visited this area were the Spanish explorer Luis Argello in 1821, followed by Jedediah Smith in 1828. In 1843 Peter Lassen, John Bidwell, and John Burheim came in pursuit of horse thieves; Lassen then applied for a Mexican land grant. The first house where Red Bluff now is was an adobe put up late in 1849 by John Myers, who conducted it for a short time as a hotel. In the following spring Mr. Cooper erected a small adobe there, and William B. Ide built another at the "Adobe" Ferry, one mile (1.6 km) north. Settlement began in 1850 when Sashel Woods and Charles L. Wilson began laying out a town called Leodocia. It was known by that name and Covertsburg until 1854, when maps showed the community as Red Bluffs.

In 1851 Captain Ellbridge G. Reed built and started a hotel near where the creek now known as Reeds Creek enters the Sacramento River and conducted it with great success for years. Being at the head of navigation, Red Bluff soon forged ahead, and during the early mining excitements in the northern mines was a great staging town, and did an immense amount of transhipping and teaming of goods. It languished later on with the subsidence of activity in the mines, reviving again in the early 1870s on the advent of the railroad. In 1854 Red Bluff had a population of 1,000 people. In 1860 it had twice as many. On the organization of the county in 1856, there was a strong attempt to locate the county seat at Tehama, but in March, 1857, Red Bluff was chosen.

The city of Red Bluff was incorporated in 1876.

Geography

Red Bluff is located at coor dms|40|10|36|N|122|14|17|W|city (40.176640, -122.237951)GR|1. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.6 km² (7.6 mi²). 19.2 km² (7.4 mi²) of it is land and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.59% water.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 13,147 people, 5,109 households, and 3,239 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,768.7 people per square mile (683.2/km²). There were 5,567 housing units at an average density of 748.9/sq mi (289.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.69% White, 0.62% African American, 2.24% Native American, 1.60% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 5.77% from other races, and 3.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.68% of the population. [http://www.city-data.com/zips/96080.html]

There were 5,109 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,029, and the median income for a family was $32,799. Males had a median income of $26,807 versus $21,048 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,060. About 17.7% of families and 21.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.6% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Events

*The annual [http://www.redbluffroundup.com/history.html Red Bluff Round-Up] , first held in 1926, has become one of the west's largest rodeos. The town is well-known throughout the nation due to its popular bull competitions.

News

*Red Bluff's Little League team was the runner-up in the 1974 Little League World Series.
*On April 30, 1984, the Cone & Kimball building in downtown Red Bluff burned down. A park with a new clocktower was built on its lot in 2007.
*In late 1984, it was discovered that Cameron Hooker had kept a woman as his sex slave since 1977, without anyone outside his household knowing.
*On November 19, 2002, Andrew Mickel shot and killed Officer David Mobilio of the Red Bluff Police Department in an attempt to make a political statement against "corporate irresponsibility" and the government's "police-state tactics". The case brought national media attention to Red Bluff. [Booth, William. - [http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A24016-2005Apr3?language=printer "Murder, Incorporated?"] . - "Washington Post". - April 4, 2005.]

Prominent people

*William B. Ide, who joined the Bear Flag Revolt and was named President of the California Republic, lived in Red Bluff
*Clair Engle, a former United States Senator, was known as "The Pride of Red Bluff"
*Robert Shaw, famous choral conductor
*Michael Chiarello, American celebrity chef specializing in Italian-influenced California cuisine
*Gale Gilbert, NFL quarterback for eleven seasons with three different teams; only NFL player to be a member of five consecutive Super Bowl teams
*Bill Redell, former Occidental College quarterback and College Football Hall of Fame member
*Chuck Cecil, former National Football League safety
*Tom Hanks, actor. His mother has lived in Red Bluff since her divorce from Mr. Hanks' father, and she raised Tom's younger brother Jim there when he was a boy
*Jim Hanks, voice and character actor (brother of Tom Hanks)
*Jeff Serr, radio personality and voice actor
*Michael Long, author

References

External links

Mapit-US-cityscale|40.17664|-122.237951}
* [http://www.rbuhsd.k12.ca.us/ Red Bluff Union High School]


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