- Esala Mangallaya
The "Esala Mangallaya" is a Sinhalese festival celebrated in the month of "Esala", a month in the
Sinhalese Calendarwhich occurs during the months July and August in the Gregorian Calendar.
Festivities in Kandy
Kandyis the home of the Sri Dalada Maligawawhich is a Sri Lankan buddhist temple holding the Buddha tooth relic. Kandy holds the most elaborate celebrations. Shop-keepers and hoteliers pile up their stock to cater to the crowds. Maligawaand its premises are decorated and illuminated with strings of lights, including the esplanade. These lights burn throughout the night. A few days before the " Perahera", a " Kapa", a sapling from a tree that sheds milky juice is erected in each of the four " Devales". On the fifth day of Esala, the "Kumbal Perahera" begins and goes on for 10 consecutive nights when the sacred relic casket is taken around the streets of Kandy accompanied by exotically costumed dancers and drummers.
These dance forms vary. The most popular dance forms are the Ves,
Udekki, Pantheru, Naiyandi, Hewisi, Savangand Leekeli.
The most colorful Perahera is the last, the Randoli Perahera, which falls on the Esala Full Moon
Poyaday. On this day, at the auspicious time, the Perahera starts. The Diyawadana Nilame in full traditional Kandyan dress will enter the inner chamber to receive the Perahera Karanduwa containing the Buddha Relics. The Mahanayake Thero will place the relic's casket on the velvet cloth, intricately embroidered with gold and silver, held by both hands by the Nilame. As he steps out of the chamber bearing the relics casket, the crowd begins a chant of "sadhu". The chorus will go on while the mini perahera begins. A red and yellow floor spread (" pavada"), embroidered with appliqués of different hues is laid before him, and two Temple functionaries will start strewing jasmineflowers on it while the Diyawadana Nilame, carrying the casket, will slowly tread over the pavada.
In front of him, two hand torches are held by bearers while the kavikaramaduwa sing songs in praise of the Dalada. The Nilame walks past the udamale and begin to descend the wooden staircase and go past the digge and ambarawa and finally arrives the place where the tusker is waiting to carry the casket.
The casket containing the Buddha Relics is always carried by an elephant in a dress embedded with colored bulbs. He looks more colorful than the other caparisoned elephants numbering over 75 who take part in the Perahera. The decorated ransivige is placed on the back of this tusker and the relics casket is placed inside it on, a velvet cushion, by the Nilame. After the Nilame and the Mahanayake Thero strew jasmine flowers on the casket the tusker arrives at the wahalkada followed by the Nilame.
The Perahera proper begins as the cannon booms. Leading the Perahera is the band of whip crackers who crack their whips in rhythmic pattern announcing the start of the Perahera. Immediately following are two flag-bearers carrying the two flags of the Sathara Korale (known as Ira Kodiya) embossed with the symbols of the sun and the moon indicating the wish that this Perahera be held until the sun and the moon last. Next comes the peramunerala, attired in the traditional white dress and riding a caparisoned elephant and carrying the sannasa, the royal charter to hold the Perahera. Following him is the Gajanayake, the Maligawa official in charge of the elephants, elegantly dressed in traditional Kandyan dress carrying the ankusaya the instrument by which elephants are controlled.
The crowd impatiently waits to get a glimpse of the tusker carrying the relics casket. The tusker is dressed in a decorated costume and brilliantly illuminated bearing the ransivige in which the Perahera Karandawa rests on a velvet cushion, with garlands of jasmine flowers dangling above it and strings of lights flickering all the time, tread over the pavada in easured steps under the canopy held over the ransivie by 16 able bodied men with poles and strings. As the karanduwa passes by, the crowd, stand up and with their hands clasped together chanting sadhu, sadhu, sadhu thereby paying their homage to the Sacred Tooth Relic.
The focus of the crowd then moves towards the Diyawadana Nilarne who, attired in his traditional Kandyan constume, slowly walks by under a large e embroidered umbrella held by a Vidane of the Maligawa and e flanked by two troupes of Ves dancers whose performance is a lovely sight to see.
Over 75 caparisoned elephants, thousands of dancers and drummers, hundreds of flag bearers and torchbearers take part in each of the Peraheras. The Maligawa Perahera is followed by the Devala Peraheras in the order of Natha, Vishnu, Kataragama and Pattini under the direction of the respective Basnayake Nilames, who in their traditional Kandy and costumes, take part in the Perahera.
After the day perahera, it is customary for the Diyawadana Nilarne and the Basnayake Nilames of the four devalas to report to the president that the Perahera was satisfactorily conducted.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Esala Perahera — Elephants at the Esala Perahera Esala Perahera (the festival of the tooth) is the grand festival of Esala held in Sri Lanka. It is very grand with elegant costumes. Happening in July or August in Kandy, it has become a unique symbol of Sri Lanka … Wikipedia
Sri Dalada Maligawa — The Sri Dalada Maligawa or The Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic is a temple in the city of Kandy in Sri Lanka. It was built within the royal palace complex which houses the only surviving relic of Buddha, a tooth, which is venerated by Buddhists … Wikipedia
Temple of the Tooth — Temple of the sacred Tooth ශ්රී දළදා මාළිගාව Temple of the Tooth situated in world heritage site, Kandy Information Founded 1595 … Wikipedia
Kandy — For other uses, see Kandy (disambiguation). Kandy මහ නුවර கண்டி City … Wikipedia
Natha Devale, Kandy — The Natha Devale is located on the terrace, in front of the Palace complex of Kandy. It is said to have been in existence even before the Tooth Relic was brought to Kandy.The oldest extant structure in Kandy, it is said to have been built by King … Wikipedia
Diyawadana Nilame — is the office of chief lay custodian of Temple of the Tooth, Kandy, Sri Lanka. Formerly an office of the Royal household, today it remains a prestigious position, enriched with over two thousand years of history to safeguard and carry out ancient … Wikipedia
Matale Rebellion — Main article: History of Sri Lanka History of Kandy This article is part of a series … Wikipedia
Nayaks of Kandy — Kandy Nayak Dynasty Country Sri Lanka Ancestral house Madurai Nayak Kingdom Founder Sri Vijaya Raja Singha … Wikipedia
Keppetipola Disawe — Rajapaksa Wickramasekera Mudiyanselage Bandaranayake Monaravila Keppetipola Born Udugoda, Udasiya Pattuwa, Matale, Sri Lanka Died 25 November 1818 Kandy, Sri L … Wikipedia
Dissava — A group of British appointed Kandyan chiefs, with Hon. J. P. Lewis, Government Agent in 1905. The chiefs have adopted the dress of traditional Dissawas by this time but still haven t started using other traditional insignia of high office such as … Wikipedia