- Lom, Bulgaria
official_name = Lom
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = BUL
subdivision_type1 = Province
map_caption = Location of Lom, Bulgaria
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Lom, Bulgaria
postal_code_type =Postal Code
Lom ( _bg. Лом) is a town in northwestern
Bulgaria, part of Montana Province, situated on the right bank of the Danube, close to the estuary of the Lom River. It is 162 km north of Sofia, 56 km southeast of Vidin, 50 km north of Montana and 42 km west of Kozloduy. It is the second mostimportant Bulgarian port on the Danube after Rousse.
Antiquity and Middle Ages
Lom was founded by the
Thraciansunder the name of "Artanes" in Antiquity. After them the Romans called the fortress and the town "Almus", from where the name of the today's city and of the Lom River comes.
There are no reports proving that there existed a big settlement in the
Middle Ages. It was not until Ottoman rule that it enlarged but for a long time it was under the shadow of the dominant towns of Vidin, Nikopol and Silistra. It is assumed that the Ottoman village was founded in 1695by Kara Mustafaand Murad Bey, who were defeated at Viennain 1683and who came here sailing rafts along the Danube.
Ottoman rule and Bulgarian National Revival
The name "Lom Palanka" was mentioned for a first time in
1704. The settlement then called "palanka" was something between a village and a town in size and importance. In 1798Lom suffered from brigand raids. With the development of shipping along the Danube after 1830, the importance of the town grew. The road to Sofia contributed to its progress and turned it into a main export port to Vienna ( Austria). By 1869there were 120 shops, 148 trade offices, 175 food shops, 34 coffee bars, 6 hotels and 2 mills. The town was centred around the old "Kale" (fortress), which was entered through three "kapii" (gates) — Vidinska, Belogradchishka, Sofiyska. The tradesmen from Lom offered goods at the biggest fairs in the region and beyond. In 1880there were 7,500 inhabitants in the town.
Lom is proud of its traditions from the period of the
Bulgarian National Revival. In 1856the first community centre in Bulgaria was founded in the town, the first women's society in the country was also established in 1858and one of the first theatre performances took place in the town. Krastyu Pishurka, a noted educator, also worked in Lom.
Until the Second world war it was a major market town. After the 1944 the industry developpes — sugar factory, can factory, grain industry. It becomes a port for the southwestern part of Bulgaria.
*Plazha ( _bg. Плажа) - the 500 m. long pebbled beach at the bank of the Danube River, 3 km. from the centre of the city
*Town Museum of History, housed in the building of the old town-hall.
*Preserved foundations of the antique fortress Almus
*Postoyanstvo, the oldest community centre in Bulgaria
*Building of the former
School of Pedagogy
*Monument of Tseko Voivoda (1807-1881), a participant in the battles for liberation of
Serbiaand proclaimed by the Serbian government to be a voyvoda (revolutionary leader)
The majority of the population of Lom is
Christian Orthodox.The second biggest religious group is Protestantism- adventistsand baptists.
Lom Peakon Livingston Islandin the South Shetland Islands, Antarcticais named after Lom.
* [http://www.lom.bg The Official Site of Lom]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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