- General Synod (Lutheran)
The General Synod (officially known as the Evangelical Lutheran General Synod of the United States of North America) was an association of
Lutheranchurch bodies in America. The roots of the General Synod reach back to the Pennsylvania Ministerium, at whose suggestion the Synod was founded in 1820.
Under the leadership of
Samuel Simon Schmucker, the General Synod founded the oldest continuously running Lutheran seminary and college in North America. Like many Protestant denominations, the General Synod was split over the issue of the Civil War, at which time the General Synod-South was founded. The General Synod further split over theological issues in 1867, at which time the General Council was formed by dissatisfied members of the General Synod.
These three groups were reunited in 1918, with the formation of the
United Lutheran Church in America, a predecessor of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
* Bente, F. [http://www.archive.org/details/americanlutheran028148mbp American Lutheranism Volume II] St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House. 1919.
* Wolf, Edmund Jacob. [http://www.archive.org/details/thelutheransinam00wolfuoft The Lutherans in America; a story of struggle, progress, influence and marvelous growth.] New York: J.A. Hill, 1889.
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