Soviet–Finnish Non-Aggression Pact

Soviet–Finnish Non-Aggression Pact

The Soviet–Finnish Non-Aggression Pact was an international treaty of non-aggression signed in 1932 by representatives of Finland and the Soviet Union. The pact was unilaterally renounced by the Soviet Union in 1939, after it had committed the deception operation Shelling of Mainila, where it shelled its own village and claimed Finland to be responsible.

The Soviet Union had started non-aggression pact negotiations with its neighbouring countries in Europe during the Invasion of Manchuria, due to which the Soviet Union wanted to secure its borders. Although Finland was the last to sign the pact on January 21 1932, after Estonia, Latvia and Poland, it was the first to ratify it in July 1932. Both parties guaranteed to respect the borders between the countries, and agreed to stay neutral. Disputes were promised to be solved peacefully and neutrally.

The pact was extended to December 31 1945 in Moscow on April 7 1934. The pact was however renounced by the Soviet Union before its Invasion of Finland, claiming Finland had shelled a Soviet village. Nevertheless, Soviet Union also broke the Treaty of Tartu which was signed between the parties in 1920.

See also

* Soviet–Polish Non-Aggression Pact
* Franco-Soviet Treaty of Mutual Assistance
* German–Polish Non-Aggression Pact

External links

* [ ProKarelia – 1932 Pact] fi icon
* [ ProKarelia – 1934 Continuation Pact] fi icon

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