- Przeworsk culture
The Przeworsk culture is part of an
Iron Agearchaeological complex that dates from the 2nd century BCto the 4th century. It was located in what is now central and southern Poland and parts of eastern Slovakia and Carpathian Rutheniaranging between the Oderand the middle and upper VistulaRivers into the headwaters of the Dniesterand TiszaRivers. It takes its name from the village near the town Przeworskwhere the first artefacts were found.
The immediately preceding
Pomeranian cultureoccupied this same area. To the east, in what is now northern part of Ukraineand southern Belarus, was the Zarubintsy culture, to which it is linked as a larger archaeological complex. In the east and to the north of the Zarubintsy culture was the Chernoles culture, which is usually identified as a very early Slavic community, representing a stage near to Proto-Slavic.
At its northeastern edge, the
Gothsdeveloped the Wielbark culturealong the lower and middle Vistula. To the northeast of the Goths, there was a Baltic (and likely Baltic-speaking) culture, perhaps the Aesti.
Roman-era writers report this area as being occupied by Veneti as well as Lugians, to the South. A substantial effort has been expended in the past to characterize the latter as an early Slavic-speaking community. Modern thinking, however, leans towards assigning the culture to an association of tribes of proto-Slavic, Germanic, or Celtic origin. The early
Burgundiansare known to have been settled in portions of the area towards the end of this cultural period. The Veneti who were later Slavicized (see "Relation between Veneti and Slavs") were found here.
JP Mallory, "Przeworsk culture", "Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture", Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997.
* [http://www.muzarp.poznan.pl/archweb/gazociag/title5.htm "The Goths in Greater Poland", Tadeusz Makiewicz]
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