Oceanside, California


Oceanside, California
Oceanside
—  City  —
An Oceanside beach
Location of Oceanside within San Diego County, California
Oceanside is located in United States
Oceanside
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°12′42″N 117°19′33″W / 33.21167°N 117.32583°W / 33.21167; -117.32583Coordinates: 33°12′42″N 117°19′33″W / 33.21167°N 117.32583°W / 33.21167; -117.32583
Country United States United States
State California California
County San Diego
Government
 – Type Council-Manager
 – City Council Jim Wood (Mayor)
Jack Feller
Jerome M. Kern
Esther C. Sanchez
Vacant Seat
 – City Treasurer Michele Lund, CCMT
 – City Clerk Barbara Riegel Wayne
 – City Manager Peter Weiss
Area[1]
 – Total 42.174 sq mi (109.231 km2)
 – Land 41.235 sq mi (106.798 km2)
 – Water 0.939 sq mi (2.433 km2)  2.23%
Elevation 66 ft (20 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 – Total 183,095
 – Rank 3rd in San Diego County
27th in California
140th in the United States
 – Density 4,341.4/sq mi (1,676.2/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 – Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92049, 92051-92052, 92054, 92056-92058
Area code(s) 760, 442
FIPS code 06-53322
GNIS feature ID 1652761
Website http://www.ci.oceanside.ca.us/

Oceanside is a coastal resort city located on California's South Coast. It is the third-largest city in San Diego County, California. The city had a population of 183,095 at the 2010 census. Together with Carlsbad and Vista, it forms a tri-city area. Oceanside is located just south of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, the busiest military base in the United States.[2] The city has experienced dramatic growth since 1970, when its population was 45,000. Much of the city's area was developed into single-family home tracts during the 1970s and 1980s. Since the 1990s, increased commercial and industrial development have diversified Oceanside's economic base.

Contents

History

Andrew Jackson Myers, Oceanside's founder

Although the area was first settled by Native Americans, the first European explorers arrived in 1769. The Spanish missionaries under Father Junipero Serra founded Mission San Luis Rey de Francia on a former site of a Luiseño Indian village on the banks of the San Luis Rey River. In the early 19th century, the introduction of farming and grazing changed the landscape of what would become Oceanside. The area - like all of California - was under Spanish, then in 1821 under Mexican rule, and conquered by the U.S. in 1848.

In the late 1850s, Andrew Jackson Myers lived in San Joaquin County. A native of LaSalle County, Illinois, he returned in the late 1880s and lived in San Luis Rey. In 1882 Myers moved on the land that was the original town site for Oceanside. A patent for the land was issued in 1883 by the federal government.[3] It was incorporated on July 3, 1888. The city hall as of the early 21st century stands on the former Myers homestead.[3]

In the 20th century, Oceanside was a beach town devoted to activities on a 6-mile (9.7 km) stretch of beaches. Residential areas like downtown (built in the 1890s), South Oceanside (built in the 1920s and 1930s), and developments east of Interstate 5 (built after World War II) are preserved and remodeled when these houses are considered to have historical value.[citation needed] Since the establishment of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton in 1942, Oceanside has been home to U.S. armed forces personnel, and the wartime industry of WWII and the 1950s had an ammunition manufacturing facility in the city.[citation needed] After 1970, the main focus[citation needed] of Oceanside was suburban development and a choice for newcomers to move in to then relatively affordable housing.

Geography

Oceanside is at 33°12′42″N 117°19′33″W / 33.21167°N 117.32583°W / 33.21167; -117.32583 (33.211566, -117.325701).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 42.2 square miles (109 km2). 41.2 square miles (107 km2) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) of it (2.23%) is water.

Climate

Oceanside experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh).

Climate data for Oceanside
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 64.0
(17.8)
64.0
(17.8)
64.9
(18.3)
66.0
(18.9)
69.1
(20.6)
72.0
(22.2)
73.9
(23.3)
73.0
(22.8)
71.1
(21.7)
68.0
(20.0)
64.9
(18.3)
64.0
(17.8)
{{{year high F}}}
(23.0)
Average low °F (°C) 45.0
(7.2)
46.9
(8.3)
51.1
(10.6)
55.9
(13.3)
60.1
(15.6)
63.0
(17.2)
64.0
(17.8)
61.0
(16.1)
55.9
(13.3)
48.9
(9.4)
48.0
(8.9)
45.0
(7.2)
{{{year low F}}}
(12.1)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.42
(61.5)
2.23
(56.6)
2.11
(53.6)
0.92
(23.4)
0.23
(5.8)
0.09
(2.3)
0.02
(0.5)
0.13
(3.3)
0.29
(7.4)
0.43
(10.9)
0.92
(23.4)
1.34
(34)
11.13
(282.7)
Source: [5]

Demographics

Oceanside City Hall complex

2010

The 2010 United States Census[6] reported that Oceanside had a population of 167,086. The population density was 3,961.8 people per square mile (1,529.7/km²). The racial makeup of Oceanside was 109,020 (65.2%) White, 7,873 (4.7%) African American, 1,385 (0.8%) Native American, 11,081 (6.6%) Asian (3.4% Filipino, 0.7% Japanese, 0.7% Vietnamese, 0.6% Chinese, 0.4% Korean, 0.2% Indian), 2,144 (1.3%) Pacific Islander, 25,886 (15.5%) from other races, and 9,697 (5.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 59,947 persons (35.9%). Among the Hispanic population, 31.3% Mexican, 1.0% Puerto Rican, and 0.4% Salvadoran.

The Census reported that 166,150 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 802 (0.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 134 (0.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 59,238 households, out of which 20,486 (34.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 30,201 (51.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,947 (11.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,111 (5.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,504 (5.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 472 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 14,117 households (23.8%) were made up of individuals and 6,161 (10.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80. There were 40,259 families (68.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.32.

The population was spread out with 39,817 people (23.8%) under the age of 18, 19,028 people (11.4%) aged 18 to 24, 45,797 people (27.4%) aged 25 to 44, 40,943 people (24.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 21,501 people (12.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.

There were 64,435 housing units at an average density of 1,527.8 per square mile (589.9/km²), of which 34,986 (59.1%) were owner-occupied, and 24,252 (40.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.2%. 97,645 people (58.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 68,505 people (41.0%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 161,029 people, 56,488 households, and 39,259 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,967.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,531.7/km²). There were 59,581 housing units at an average density of 1,467.9 per square mile (566.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 53.6% White, 30.2% Hispanic, 6.3% African American, 5.5% Asian, 1.2% Pacific Islander, 0.4% Native American or Al tive, 0.1% from another race alone, and 3.2% from two or more races. (These figures have been adjusted to classify Hispanics as a separate group from whites, blacks, Asians, and other races; U.S. census data do not separate out Latinos in this manner.)

The area around Oceanside High School was, along with the neighborhood around San Diego High School, the site of the first Samoan communities on the U.S. mainland.

In 2000, there were 56,488 households out of which 35.0% had children under the living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.33.

Looking South over Oceanside Blvd.

The age distribution of Oceanside in 2000 was as follows: 27.6% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,301, and the median income for a family was $52,232. Males had a median income of $34,772 versus $27,962 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,329. About 8.2% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, the median household income of Oceanside in 2005 was $61,792 (not adjusted for inflation). When adjusted for inflation, the median household income was $50,177. On June 13, 2005, the Wall Street Journal rated Oceanside as the top vacation home market in the country.

Government

Local government

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $295.2 million in revenues, $252.8 million in expenditures, $962.8 million in total assets, $195.3 million in total liabilities, and $223.7 million in cash and investments.[8]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[9]

City department Director
City Manager Peter Weiss
City Attorney John P. Mullen
City Clerk Barbara Riegel Wayne
City Treasurer Gary Felien
Deputy City Manager Michelle Skaggs Lawrence
Deputy City Manager Donald L. Hadley
Economic and Community Development Director Jane D. McVey
Financial Services Director Teri Ferro
Fire Chief Darryl Hebert
Harbor and Beaches Manager Ray Duncan
Housing & Neighborhood Services Director Margery Pierce
Library Director Deborah Polich
Human Resources Director Brian Kammerer
Police Chief Frank McCoy
Deputy Public Works Director Joseph Arranaga
Water Utilities Director Lonnie Thibodeaux
Interim Development Services Director Lauren Wasserman
Chief Information Technologies Officer Michael Sherwood

Politics

In the state legislature Oceanside is located in the 38th Senate District, represented by Republican Mark Wyland, and in the 73rd and 74th Assembly District, represented by Republicans Diane Harkey and Martin Garrick respectively. Federally, Oceanside is located in California's 49th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +10[10] and is represented by Republican Darrell Issa.

Schools

Residents of Oceanside may attend schools in the Oceanside Unified School District, Vista Unified School District, Bonsall Union School District, or Carlsbad Unified School District, depending on their actual address. The Oceanside Unified School District provides instrumental music programs in grades 4-12 as well as free transportation for students in grades K-5, with the exception for those who reside on Camp Pendleton and the special needs students.

The Oceanside Unified School District has two comprehensive high schools, El Camino High School off Rancho Del Oro and Oceanside High School off Mission Avenue. High school students are also served by Ocean Shores Continuation High School and Clair Burgener Academy. OUSD has 24 schools plus three charter schools, including the School of Business and Technology, and two brand new schools, Louise Foussat Elementary School and Cesar E. Chavez Middle School, that opened in the Fall of 2007. Cesar Chavez Middle School, which is on the corner of Frazee and Oleander, will be built on a 14 acres (57,000 m2), house 11 building totaling 84,000 square feet (7,800 m2) and will serve 1,000 6th - 8th grade students.

The other school, Louise Foussat Elementary School, located on Pala Road, is built on 12.6 acres (51,000 m2) of land with 35 classrooms totaling 54, 490 square feet (46 m2) and can accommodate 800 students.

Economy

Oceanside Marina

The headquarters for Genica Corporation (Geeks.com), Bergensons Property Services, Learning Forum International and International Stem Cell Corporation are among some of the companies located in Oceanside. According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[11] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Tri-City Medical Center 1,900
2 City of Oceanside 1,060
3 Mira Costa College 1,000
4 Select Staffing 600
5 North County Transit District 600
6 Genentech 500
7 Milagro Ranch 400
8 Ocean's Eleven Casino 400
9 Hydranautics 300
10 Registry Network 300

Religion

The city of Oceanside is uniquely located in the center of three religious philosophies. The spiritual triangle of Oceanside features the Prince of Peace Benedictine Abbey to the north, the Rosicrucian Fellowship to the west, and the Mission San Luis Rey de Francia, a Franciscan Mission to the east.

Attractions

Looking south from the Oceanside Pier
Oceanside Pier
  • The Oceanside Pier, first built in 1888 (and now in its sixth incarnation), is the longest wooden pier on the western United States coastline at 1,954 feet (596m).
  • Oceanside is home to Mission San Luis Rey de Francia, one of the Alta California missions.
  • The historic district of Mount Ecclesia, home to the Rosicrucian Fellowship, is noted for its singular architecture and the preservation of nature grounds and gardens, offering a unique meditative walking experience.
  • The bungalow house featured in Top Gun, starring Tom Cruise, is located on South Pacific Street, which is one street up from the Oceanside Strand, a section of residential houses along the coastline.[12]
  • In June 1997, a record 221,000 fans watched X Games III, held in San Diego and Oceanside. The surfing competition took place at the Oceanside Harbor Beach.
  • The California Surf Museum is located in downtown Oceanside.
  • Oceanside has a large Day of the Dead celebration held every year on or about the weekend nearest November 1 with Carnival rides, street vendors, and musicians
  • Usually held the second weekend in September, Oceanside also holds an annual Oceanside Harbor Days festival with street vendors, food, and local artists displaying their wares. More information can be found at http://www.OceansideHarborDays.com
  • Oceanside is host to the world's 2nd largest Beach Soccer festival, The Southern California Beach Soccer Championships has become an international event and it is usually held in the middle of May at the Oceanside Harbor Beach.
  • The final competition scene from the film Bring It On was not shot in Daytona, Florida, but at the beach shell in front of the pier.
  • In the late 1990s, Oceanside had a minor league baseball franchise of the Western Baseball League, in the Miracosta College Ballpark but folded operations and lacked a standard ball park, now the site of the North County Waves semi-pro collegiate team.
  • The hills of Oceanside are said to form a lying down person in the shape of the "Sleeping Indian" near Papagallo Rd. in Oceanside.
  • The 2009 film To Save A Life was filmed in Oceanside.


Sister cities

  • Mexico Ensenada, Mexico
  • Japan Kisarazu, Japan
  • Japan Fuji, Japan
  • Samoa A'ana, Samoa

Notable natives and residents

Major League Baseball players

National Football League players

Films

References

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton
  3. ^ a b "Image:Oceanside plaque". http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Oceanside_plaque.jpg. Retrieved July 17, 2006. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Oceanside historic weather averages". Intellicast. http://www.intellicast.com/Local/Weather.aspx?location=USCA0797. Retrieved 9 May 2011. 
  6. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ City of Oceanside CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-13
  9. ^ City of Oceanside CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-13
  10. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  11. ^ City of Oceanside CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-13
  12. ^ a b McIntosh, Linda (May 22, 2011). "Cruise into movie history at "top gun house"". The San Diego Union-Tribune. http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/2011/may/22/cruise-movie-history-top-gun-house/. Retrieved May 25, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Q&A: Bobbi DePorter; founder of Quantum Learning Network". The San Diego Union-Tribune. http://sports.uniontrib.com/uniontrib/20060514/news_m1m14qa.html. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  14. ^ The Hebrew Hulk
  15. ^ "Elected officials are skilled — at getting elected". North Country Times. http://www.nctimes.com/articles/2008/01/25/opinion/rider/20_51_591_24_08.txt. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  16. ^ The International Who's Who of Women 2002
  17. ^ Barbara Mandrell
  18. ^ Denis Richards Pictures
  19. ^ Edgar Meyer and Chris Thile
  20. ^ D.J. Clark
  21. ^ Joe Salave'a
  22. ^ Junior Seau Foundation
  23. ^ http://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/S/StilKe20.htm
  24. ^ "Toussaint Tyler NFL & AFL Football Statistics". Pro-Football Reference. Retrieved February 10, 2010.

External links

WPSAN San Diego County Map Version 1.png San Diego County portal

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