Korean Canadian


Korean Canadian

Ethnic group
group=Korean Canadians
population=260,000
regions=Toronto, Vancouver
langs=Korean, English, French
rels= Christianity, Buddhism
related-c=Koreans

Korean Canadians are Canadians of Korean descent. According to South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, there were about 260,000 Koreans or people of Korean descent in Canada as of 2005 [ [http://www.mofat.go.kr/english/regions/namerica/20070803/1_321.jsp Ministry of Foreign Affairs ] ] , making them the 5th-largest group of overseas Koreans (behind the "Koryo-saram" in the former USSR and ahead of Korean Australians).cite web|url=http://www.mofat.go.kr/mofat/mk_a006/mk_b037/1189818_634.html|publisher=Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Republic of Korea|date=2005|accessdate=2007-07-10|title=2005년도 재외동포현황 (2005 Present Status of Overseas Compatriots)] In addition, the South Korean government has estimated that there are at least 100,000 Koreans living illegally in Canada. [ [http://www.asianpacificpost.com/portal2/402881910674ebab010674f4dc931503.do.html 100,000 Koreans living illegally in Canada ] ]

History

The first Koreans to come to Canada were local Christians sent by Canadian missionaries as seminary students. Very few settled in Canada; as late as 1965, the total permanent Korean population of Canada was estimated at only 70. However, with the 1966 reform of Canadian immigration laws, South Korean immigration to Canada began to grow; between 1970 and 1980, 18,148 Koreans immigrated to Canada, and another 17,583 came in the following decade.cite conference|last=Yoon|first=In-Jin|title=Understanding the Korean Diaspora from Comparative Perspectives|booktitle=Asia Culture Forum|date=2006|url=http://www.cct.go.kr/data/acf2006/multi/multi_0201_In-Jin%20Yoon.pdf|accessdate=2007-07-11] In the late 1990s, South Korea became the fifth-largest source of immigrants to Canada. Toronto has the country's largest absolute number of Koreans, but Vancouver is experiencing the highest rate of growth in its Korean population, with a 69% increase since 1996. In 2001, the number of Korean emigrants headed for Canada exceeded the number headed for the United States. The number of temporary residents has also grown ever since the Canadian government granted a visa waiver to South Korea; South Korea was the largest supplier of international students to Canada in the late 1990s. [cite journal|title=An Exploration of the Korean-Canadian Community in Vancouver|last=Kwak|first=Min-Jung|date=July 2004|journal=Research on Immigration and Integration in the Metropolis Working Paper Series|volume=4|issue=14|url=http://riim.metropolis.net/Virtual%20Library/2004/WP04-14.pdf|accessdate=2007-07-11] Aside from South Korea, some immigrants are also drawn from among the population of Koreans in China. The 1990s growth in South Korean migration to Canada occurred at a time when Canadian unemployment was high and income growth was low relative to the United States; one pair of researchers demonstrated that numbers of migrants were correlated with the exchange rate; the weakness of the Canadian dollar relative to the United States dollar meant that South Korean migrants bringing savings to Canada for investment would be relatively richer than those going to the United States. Other factors suggested as drivers behind the growth of South Korean immigration to Canada included domestic anti-Americanism and the large presence of Canadian English teachers in local "hagwon". [cite paper|title=Korean Migration to North America: Some Prices That Matter|author=Han, J.D.|coauthor=Peter Ibbott|publisher=University of Western Ontario|date=2004-10-11|accessdate=2007-07-11|url=http://www.unb.ca/econ/acea/documents/korean.pdf]

Demographics

Figures from the South Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade showed 86,084 Canadian citizens, 72,077 permanent residents, 20,738 people on student visas, and 19,271 other temporary residents. The Canada 2001 Census recorded 101,715 Canadians of Korean descent, but was suspected of having undercounted the population. According to the Canada 1996 Census, 53.6% of Korean immigrants to Canada had attended a four-year tertiary institution, as compared to 23% of the general population. However, because their qualifications and technical certifications are often not recognised by Canadian employers, Korean immigrants often take jobs not commensurate with their education; 40% worked in family-owned businesses, and their average personal income is only 67% that of the average Canadian resident.

ee also

* List of people of Korean descent in Canada

References

External links

* [http://www.multiculturalcanada.ca Multicultural Canada website] includes digitized issues of Minjoong Shinmoon newspaper


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