Yucaipa, California


Yucaipa, California
City of Yucaipa
—  City  —
Yucaipa City Hall, with San Bernardino Peak in the background
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Coordinates: 34°1′49″N 117°2′55″W / 34.03028°N 117.04861°W / 34.03028; -117.04861Coordinates: 34°1′49″N 117°2′55″W / 34.03028°N 117.04861°W / 34.03028; -117.04861
Country  United States
State  California
County San Bernardino
Government
 – Type Council-Manager
 – Mayor Richard D. "Dick" Riddell(since 1999)
Area[1]
 – Total 27.893 sq mi (72.244 km2)
 – Land 27.888 sq mi (72.231 km2)
 – Water 0.005 sq mi (0.013 km2)  0.02%
Elevation 2,618 ft (798 m)
Population (2020)
 – Total 51,367
 – Density 1,841.6/sq mi (711/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 – Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92399
Area code(s) 909
FIPS code 06-87042
GNIS feature ID 1652818

Yucaipa (play /juːˈkpə/ ew-ky-pə) is a city located 10 miles (16 km) east of San Bernardino, in San Bernardino County, California, United States. The population was 51,367 at the 2010 census, up from 41,207 at the 2000 census. According to San Bernardino County, the projected population in 2012 is 58,187.

Yucaipa has the distinction of being the former, longtime home of a large population of Serrano Indians and was also known for being the home base of what is now Stater Bros. Markets (founded in 1936, and now headquartered in San Bernardino).

Contents

Geography

Yucaipa City is located in the southwestern United States, in southeastern California, approximately 80 miles (130 km) east of Los Angeles. This city is approximately 2,600 ft (790 m) above sea level.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.8 square miles (72 km2), with 0.04 percent being water.

Parks

Yucaipa is home to Yucaipa Regional Park, Flag Hill Veterans Memorial Park, Seventh Street Park, "I" Street Park, and Wildwood Park. Recently added was the Yucaipa Community Park, the Bryant Glen Sports Complex, the Jerry Lewis Regional Soccer Complex, as well as the newly-established Wildwood Canyon State Park.

Demographics

2010

The 2010 United States Census[2] reported that Yucaipa had a population of 51,367. The population density was 1,841.5 people per square mile (711.0/km²). The racial makeup of Yucaipa was 40,824 (79.5%) White, 837 (1.6%) African American, 485 (0.9%) Native American, 1,431 (2.8%) Asian, 74 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 5,589 (10.9%) from other races, and 2,127 (4.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13,943 persons (27.1%).

The Census reported that 50,813 people (98.9% of the population) lived in households, 227 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 327 (0.6%) were institutionalized.

There were 18,231 households, out of which 6,996 (38.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 9,842 (54.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,231 (12.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,026 (5.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,061 (5.8%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 114 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 4,198 households (23.0%) were made up of individuals and 1,970 (10.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79. There were 13,099 families (71.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.29.

The population was spread out with 13,444 people (26.2%) under the age of 18, 4,489 people (8.7%) aged 18 to 24, 12,536 people (24.4%) aged 25 to 44, 14,064 people (27.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 6,834 people (13.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.8 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.

There were 19,642 housing units at an average density of 704.2 per square mile (271.9/km²), of which 13,503 (74.1%) were owner-occupied, and 4,728 (25.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 9.0%. 37,165 people (72.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 13,648 people (26.6%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

Since the city incorporated in 1989, it has experienced a significant level of growth. As of the census[3] of 2000, Yucaipa had 41,207 residents, 15,193 households, and 10,680 families. The population density was 1,483.4 inhabitants per square mile (572.7/km²). There were 16,112 housing units at an average density of 580.0 per square mile (223.9/km²). The racial makeup was 85.2% White, 0.9% African American, 1.1% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.0% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos constitute 18.4% of the population.

There were 15,193 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18; 54.2% were married couples; 11.6% had a female householder; and 29.7% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% of those were 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.7 and the average family size was 3.2.

The population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,144, and the median income for a family was $48,683. Males had a median income of $40,480 versus $25,957 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,949. About 8.8% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

History

Prior to the Spanish conquest of the Americas and the arrival of European settlers from Mexico, the land of the Yucaipa Valley was occupied by the Serrano Indians for possibly 1,000 years.

Yucaipa Rancheria

Yucaipa Valley supported a large population of Serrano Indians. The fertile valley was watered by springs and creeks running out of the San Bernardino Mountains. The Serrano lived in this location most of the year, but would make excursions into the mountains to gather acorns and other food items during their harvest season. The Serrano name for the area was Yucaipat which meant "green valley." The Rancheria is marked by California Historical Landmark #620.

Yucaipa Adobe

Near the Rancheria is the Yucaipa Adobe that is believed to be the oldest house in San Bernardino County. Diego Sepúlveda, nephew of Antonio María Lugo, built the Adobe in 1842 on land that was part of the Rancho San Bernardino granted in 1842 to the Lugos. It had formerly been land controlled by San Gabriel Mission. The Rancho suffered losses of cattle and horses from raids by Native Americans coming through Cajon Pass and Banning Pass from the deserts. Eventually, they sold the Rancho to Mormon settlers in September 1851. The Adobe's later owners included John Brown, Sr., James W. Waters, and the Dunlap family; it was acquired by San Bernardino County in 1955. The site is marked by California Historical Landmark #528. [4]

The nearby Oak Glen area is best known for its apple orchards, some of which are operated by the direct descendants of the original founders (the Parrish, Wilshire, Rivers, and Law families). The Parrish Pioneer Ranch and orchard were founded by Enoch Parrish in 1876, with the other families coming into the area later.

Stater Bros. Markets

In 1936, twin brothers Cleo and Leo Stater bought the W. A. Davis Market and started a new way of grocery shopping in the Inland Empire.[5] They, along with their brother LaVoy, founded the Stater Bros. Markets chain. With 175 stores in the chain, it is now headquartered in a new 2,000,000 square feet (190,000 m2) facility in San Bernardino at the east end of San Bernardino International Airport). Stater Bros. is famous for its on-site butchers in each store(where customers can ask for special cuts of pork chops or spare ribs).

2005 earthquake

At 1:53 p.m. on June 16, 2005, Yucaipa experienced a magnitude 4.9 earthquake centered four miles (6 km) north of the center of town. It was felt from downtown Los Angeles to some areas of San Diego. However, minimal damage was reported.

Government

Richard (Dick) D. Riddell is now the longest-serving mayor (and the oldest, at age 81) in Yucaipa's history, holding that title since 1999.

Education in Yucaipa

The Yucaipa-Calimesa Joint Unified School District serves both cities, with the following schools:

  • Elementary (K–6): Dunlap, Chapman Heights, Calimesa, Yucaipa (now closed), Meadow Creek, Ridgeview, Valley, Wildwood, Inland Leaders Charter
  • Middle school (7–8): Park View Middle School, Mesa View Middle School(in Calimesa)
  • High school : Yucaipa High School (9-12), Green Valley High School (10-12)

The San Bernardino Community College District serves Yucaipa and the Inland Empire at Crafton Hills College.

Public safety

The San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department serves Yucaipa—including the nearby unincorporated towns of Mentone, Oak Glen, Forest Falls, Angeleus Oaks, and Mountain Home Village—from its regional station at 34282 Yucaipa Boulevard. Since there is no official jail facility at this station, suspects are booked at either Central Jail in downtown San Bernardino or the West Valley Detention Center in Rancho Cucamonga.

Yucaipa has contracted operation of its fire department to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (now known as "Cal Fire") which serves the city from three stations: the 33000 block of Yucaipa Boulevard, Bryant Street (in the "North Bench" area), and the southwest corner of Fifth Street and Wildwood Canyon Road.

Famous people with Yucaipa connections

  • Corky Miller - professional baseball player with the Cincinnati Reds
  • Mark Teahen - professional baseball player with the Toronto Blue Jays
  • Matt Carson - professional baseball player with the Oakland Athletics
  • Susan Anton - Miss California in 1969 and an actress on Baywatch
  • Noble Johnson - actor
  • Tony Lopez (fighter)-professional mma fighter and former King of the Cage titleholder.
  • Tyler Chatwood- professional baseball player with Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim

References

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Office of Historical Preservation; Historical Landmarks; San Bernardino County
  5. ^ http://www.staterbros.com/Top-Menu/Company/History.aspx

External links


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