- Ruth Gipps
Ruth Gipps (
20 February 1921– 23 February 1999) was a British composer, an oboistand pianist.
Gipps was something of a
child prodigy, winning performance competitions in which she was considerably younger than the rest of the field -- and female, to boot. After performing her first composition at the age of 8 in one of the numerous music festivals she entered, the work was bought by a publishing house for a guinea and a half. Winning a concerto competition with the Hastings Municipal Orchestra began her performance career in earnest.
In 1936 Gipps entered the
Royal College of Music, where she studied theory, composition, piano, and eventually oboe, and where several works of hers were first performed. Continuing her studies at Durham Universitywould lead her to teachers Gordon Jacoband Ralph Vaughan Williams, as well as her future husband, clarinettist Robert Baker.
She was an accomplished all-round musician, as a soloist on both
oboeand pianoas well as a prolific composer. When she was 33 her performance career ended, however, due to a hand injury, and she decided to focus her energies on conductingand composition.
A turning point in Gipps' career was the "Symphony No. 2 Op. 30", first performed in 1946, which showed the beginnings of her mature style. Gipps' music is marked by a skillful use of instrumental color, and often shows the influence of Vaughan Williams, rejecting the trends in avant-garde modern music such as
serialismand twelve-tone music. She considered her orchestral works -- particularly her five symphonies -- her greatest works. Two substantial piano concertos were also produced.
Her early career was affected strongly by discrimination against women in the male-dominated ranks of music (and particularly composition), by professors and judges as well as the world of music criticism. (For example, she was not even considered for the post of conductor of the
City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestrawhere her longtime associate George Weldon vacated it, because the thought of a woman conductor was "indecent".) Because of it she developed a tough personality that many found off-putting, and a fierce determination to prove herself through her work.
She founded the London Repertoire Orchestra in 1955 as an opportunity for young professional musicians to become exposed to a wide range of music, and the Chanticleer Orchestra in 1961, a professional ensemble which included a work by a living composer in each of its programs, often a premiere performance. Later she would take faculty posts at
Trinity College, London(1959 to 1966) and the Royal College of Music (1967 to 1977), and then the Kingston Polytechnic.
She died in 1999, after suffering the effects of cancer and a stroke.
* cite book
last = Halstead
first = Jill
title = Ruth Gipps: Anti-Modernism, Nationalism And Difference in English Music
publisher = Ashgate
date = 2006
location = Aldershot
id = ISBN 0754601781
* [http://www.musicweb.uk.net/gipps/ Musicweb bio of Gipps]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
List of music prodigies — This is a list of music prodigies, young children (at or under age 12) who displayed a talent in music deemed to make them competitive with skilled adult musicians. The list is sorted by genre and instrument. Contents 1 Classical 1.1 Opera 1.2… … Wikipedia
George Weldon — (June 5 1908, Chichester, England ndash; August 17 1963, South Africa) was an English conductor.BiographyWeldon was educated at Sherborne School and at the Royal College of Music. He studied conducting with Malcolm Sargent. [Halstead,… … Wikipedia
List of female composers — The following is a list of female composers, ordered by birthyear.until 1500* Sappho (born c. 612 BCE) * Xosroviduxt ( fl. early 8th century) * Sahakduxt ( fl. early 8th century) * Kassia (c.810–before 867) * Hildegard of Bingen (1098–1179) *… … Wikipedia
List of female composers by name — This article provides a list of female composers by name, alphabetically. For lists of female composers by date, see List of female composers. NOTOC A* Mary Anne A beckett (1817–1863) * Keiko Abe (born 1937) * Rosalina Abejo (1922–1991) * Lora… … Wikipedia
Джипс, Рут — Рут Джипс англ. Ruth Gipps Дата рождения 20 февраля 1921(1921 02 20) Дата смерти 23& … Википедия
Liste von Komponistinnen — Komponistinnen gab es zu allen Epochen der Musikgeschichte, allerdings in zahlenmäßig weitaus geringerem Umfang als Komponisten. Dies lag insbesondere am gesellschaftlichen Umfeld, das eine professionelle musikalische Ausbildung für Frauen,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
List of 20th century classical composers by name — See also List of 20th century classical composers by birth date and List of 20th century classical composers by death date.Composers of 20th century classical music include:A*Juan Manuel Abras (born 1975) *Miguel Álvarez Fernández (born 1979)… … Wikipedia
1946 in music — Events *February 8 Béla Bartók s Piano Concerto No. 3 is premiered posthumously by György Sándor with Eugene Ormandy conducting the Philadelphia Orchestra *Al Jolson rerecords his old hits for the soundtrack of his Columbia biopic The Jolson… … Wikipedia
Malcolm Arnold — Sir Malcolm Henry Arnold, CBE (Northampton, 21 de octubre de 1921 Norwich, 23 de septiembre de 2006) fue uno de los compositores británicos más importantes de la segunda mitad del siglo XX. Comenzó su carrera como trompetista profesional, pero… … Wikipedia Español
Gordon Jacob — Gordon Percival Septimus Jacob (5 July 1895 – 8 June 1984) was an English composer. He is known for his wind instrument composition and his instructional writings. Contents 1 Life 2 Music 3 Partial list of works 3.1 Books … Wikipedia