Colton, California


Colton, California
City of Colton
—  City  —
Colton Junction
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Coordinates: 34°3′54″N 117°19′18″W / 34.065°N 117.32167°W / 34.065; -117.32167Coordinates: 34°3′54″N 117°19′18″W / 34.065°N 117.32167°W / 34.065; -117.32167
Country  United States
State  California
County San Bernardino
Government
 – Mayor
Area[1]
 – Total 16.039 sq mi (41.541 km2)
 – Land 15.324 sq mi (39.689 km2)
 – Water 0.715 sq mi (1.852 km2)  4.46%
Elevation 1,004 ft (306 m)
Population (2010)
 – Total 52,154
 – Density 3,251.7/sq mi (1,255.5/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 – Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92313, 92324
Area code(s) 909
FIPS code 06-14890
GNIS feature ID 1652688

Colton is a city in San Bernardino County, California, United States. The city is located in the Inland Empire region of the state and is approximately 57 miles east of Los Angeles. The population of Colton is 52,154 according to the 2010 census, up from 47,662 at the 2000 census.

Colton is the site of Colton Crossing, one of the busiest at-grade railroad crossings in the United States. The main transcontinental trunk lines of Union Pacific and Burlington Northern Santa Fe cross at this point. As traffic on each line has soared since the mid-1990s, fueled largely by the vast increase in imports passing through the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, the primitive crossing has become a serious bottleneck. The crossing was installed in August 1882 by the California Southern Railroad to cross the Southern Pacific Railroad's tracks while building northward from San Diego.

Contents

Geography

Colton is located at 34°3′54″N 117°19′18″W / 34.065°N 117.32167°W / 34.065; -117.32167 (34.064945, -117.321687)[2].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.0 square miles (41 km2). 15.3 square miles (40 km2) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) of it (4.46%) is water.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1890 1,315
1900 1,285 −2.3%
1910 3,980 209.7%
1920 4,282 7.6%
1930 8,014 87.2%
1940 9,686 20.9%
1950 14,465 49.3%
1960 18,666 29.0%
1970 20,016 7.2%
1980 21,310 6.5%
1990 40,213 88.7%
2000 47,662 18.5%
2010 52,154 9.4%

2010

The 2010 United States Census[3] reported that Colton had a population of 52,154. The population density was 3,251.7 people per square mile (1,255.5/km²). The racial makeup of Colton was 22,613 (43.4%) White, 5,055 (9.7%) African American, 661 (1.3%) Native American, 2,590 (5.0%) Asian, 176 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 18,413 (35.3%) from other races, and 2,646 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 37,039 persons (71.0%).

The Census reported that 51,824 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 85 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 245 (0.5%) were institutionalized.

There were 14,971 households, out of which 7,826 (52.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,167 (47.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,233 (21.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,340 (9.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,268 (8.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 106 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,452 households (16.4%) were made up of individuals and 614 (4.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.46. There were 11,740 families (78.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.86.

The population was spread out with 16,671 people (32.0%) under the age of 18, 6,360 people (12.2%) aged 18 to 24, 14,965 people (28.7%) aged 25 to 44, 10,495 people (20.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 3,663 people (7.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.4 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.

There were 16,350 housing units at an average density of 1,019.4 per square mile (393.6/km²), of which 7,766 (51.9%) were owner-occupied, and 7,205 (48.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 9.2%. 28,063 people (53.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 23,761 people (45.6%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 47,690 people, 14,520 households, and 10,904 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,154.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,217.9/km²). There were 15,680 housing units at an average density of 1,037.7 per square mile (400.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 42.7% White, 11.0% African American, 1.3% Native American, 5.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 34.5% from other races, and 5.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 60.7% of the population.

There were 14,520 households out of which 46.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 19.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.3 and the average family size was 3.8.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.9% under the age of 18, 11.9% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 15.2% from 45 to 64, and 6.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,777, and the median income for a family was $37,911. Males had a median income of $32,152 versus $25,118 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,460. About 18.2% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.2% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In the state legislature Colton is located in the 31st and 32nd Senate Districts, represented by Republican Robert Dutton and Democrat Gloria Negrete McLeod respectively, and in the 62nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Wilmer Carter. Federally, Colton is located in California's 41st and 43rd congressional districts, which have Cook PVIs of R +9 and D +10 respectively[5] and is represented by Republican Jerry Lewis and Democrat Joe Baca.

History

1908 Carnegie Library. Now home to the Colton Area Museum, in 2009 the city of Colton closed the entire library system to save money.[6]

Colton was named after David Douty Colton who was the Vice President of the Southern Pacific Railroad Company.

Virgil Earp lived in Colton at 528 W. "H" Street[7] where he was the town's first Marshall.[8] He resided in Colton from 1883 to 1889. Morgan Earp is buried at Hermosa Cemetery

Books about Colton

"History of the Colton Fire Department" 1889-2011
by Dennis Bickers (retired Colton Fire)
"Images of America, Colton"
by Larry Sheffield

Economy

Top employers

According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[9] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Arrowhead Regional Medical Center 2,130
2 Ashley Furniture Industries 1,350
3 Colton Joint Unified School District 740
4 Best Brands 552
5 Reche Canyon Rehabilitation & Health Care Center 340
6 City of Colton 296
7 Walmart 288
8 Stater Bros. 248
9 Angelica 235
10 Archer Daniels Midland 224

Famous residents

  • 40 Glocc (b.1974) - Rapper
  • Cam Carreon (1937–1987) - baseball player
  • Kit Carson (1912–1983) - baseball player
  • George J. Caster (1907–1955), pitcher, Detroit Lions World Series Championship team, 1945
  • Gordon Ralph "Maltsy" Maltsberger (1912–1974), pitcher, Chicago White Sox, 1943, American League MVP, 1943
  • Albert "Chalky" Wright (1912–1957), world featherweight boxing champion, 1941;Internat'l Boxing Hall of Fame
  • Nicholas Porter Earp (1813–1907) - father of Wyatt Earp
  • Wyatt Earp (1848–1929) - frontier lawman
  • Virgil Earp (1843–1905) - frontier lawman, older brother of Wyatt Earp
  • Ken Hubbs (1941–1964) - Chicago Cubs rookie of the year 1962
  • Jeremy Suarez (b. 1990) - The Bernie Mac Show
  • Kat Von D aka Kathrine Drachenburg (b.1982)- famous tattoo artist, star of LA Ink
  • Gene Evans (1922–1998) - Western actor
  • Jimmy Webb (1946-) - Songwriter
  • Jim Messina (1947-) - musician (Buffalo Springfield, Loggins & Messina)[10]
  • Rodolfo Hernandez (1931-) - Medal of Honor recipient, Korean War
  • Rich Dauer - baseball player (World Series champs Baltimore Orioles)
  • Dennis Crane - football player, Detroit Lions
  • Susan Woodstra (1957-) - Olympic silver medalist, 1984 Games, women's volleyball
  • Shareece Wright (1987-)-football player, USC Trojans (2006-2011), San Diego Chargers (2011-).
  • Roshan Joseph (1992-)-well known public figure in colton.

References

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  6. ^ "ALA President issues statement on closure of Colton (Calif.) Public Library System" (Press release). American Library Association. November 18, 2009. http://www.ala.org/ala/newspresscenter/news/pressreleases2009/november2009/coltonstatement_pio.cfm. Retrieved December 4, 2009. 
  7. ^ San Bernardino County Register of Deeds Book (entry dated July 7, 1888)
  8. ^ Colton City News, November 2, 2006
  9. ^ City of Corona CAFR
  10. ^ Muckenfuss, Mark (April 17, 2009). "Jim Messina recalls getting his musical start in Colton". Press-Enterprise. http://www.pe.com/columns/markmuckenfuss/stories/PE_News_Local_N_nmark18.4701266.html. Retrieved December 4, 2009. 

External links


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