Black Jacobin

Black Jacobin
Black Jacobin
Adult in Reserva Guainumbi, Sao Luis do Paraitinga, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Genus: Florisuga
Species: F. fusca
Binomial name
Florisuga fusca
Vieillot, 1817

Melanotrochilus fuscus (Vieillot, 1817)


The Black Jacobin (Florisuga fusca), previously placed in the monotypic Melanotrochilus, is a species of hummingbird in the Trochilidae family. It is found in or near Atlantic Forest of eastern Brazil, Uruguay, eastern Paraguay, and far north-eastern Argentina. It is generally common, and therefore considered to be of least concern by BirdLife International and consequently the IUCN. Adults of both sexes are overall black with green-tinged back and wing-coverts, and white lower flanks and outer rectrices. The white in the tail is often flashed conspicuously in flight. The commonly seen immatures, sometimes incorrectly referred to as "females", have a distinctive rufous patch in the malar region.


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