Frank Pantridge


Frank Pantridge

James Francis "Frank" Pantridge, MD, CBE (October 3, 1916, Hillsborough, County Down – December 26, 2004) was a physician and cardiologist from Northern Ireland who transformed emergency medicine and paramedic services with the invention of the portable defibrillator.

He was educated at the Queen's University of Belfast, graduating in medicine in 1939. During World War II he served in the British Army and was awarded the Military Cross during the Fall of Singapore, when he became a POW. He served much of his captivity as a slave labourer on the Burma Railway.

After his liberation he worked as a lecturer in the pathology department at Queen's University, and then won a scholarship to the University of Michigan, where he studied under Dr. F. N. Wilson, a cardiologist and authority on electrocardiography.

Frank Pantridge returned to Northern Ireland in 1950, and was appointed as cardiac consultant to the Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast and professor at Queen's University, where he remained until his retirement in 1982. There he established a specialist cardiology unit whose work became known around the world.

By 1957 Pantridge and his colleague, Dr. John Geddes, had introduced the modern system of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for the early treatment of heart attack. Further study led Frank Pantridge to the realization that many deaths resulted from ventricular fibrillation which needed to be treated before the patient was admitted to hospital. This led to his introduction of the mobile coronary care unit (MCCU), an ambulance with specialist equipment and staff to provide pre-hospital care.

To extend the usefulness of early treatment, Pantridge went on to develop the portable defibrillator, and in 1965 installed his first version in a Belfast ambulance. It weighed 70 kg and operated from car batteries, but by 1968 he had designed an instrument weighing only 3 kg, incorporating a miniature capacitor manufactured for NASA.

His work was backed up by clinical investigations and epidemiological studies in scientific papers, including an influential 1967 "The Lancet" article. With these developments, the Belfast treatment system, often known as the "Pantridge Plan", became adopted throughout the world by emergency medical services. The portable defibrillator became recognised as a key tool in first aid, and Pantridge's refinement of the automated external defibrillator (AED) allowed it to be used safely by members of the public.

Although he was known worldwide as the "Father of Emergency Medicine", Frank Pantridge was less acclaimed in his own country, and was saddened that it took until 1990 for all front-line ambulances in the UK to be fitted with defibrillators. He was awarded the CBE in 1978.

The City of Lisburn, Northern Ireland commissioned this Memorial in his name, and it sits outside the Lisburn City Council Offices. [ [http://www.armymedic.net/index.php?name=ForumsPro&file=viewtopic&t=298 Army Medic › 1. Forums › AMS through the ages › AMS through the ages › Professor Pantridge ] ]

Bibliography

* "A Mobile Intensive-Care Unit in the Management of Myocardial Infarction." "The Lancet", 1967.
* "The Acute Coronary Attack", 1975.
* "An Unquiet Life", 1989 - his autobiography.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pantridge, Frank — ▪ 2005 James Francis Pantridge        Irish born cardiologist (b. Oct. 3, 1916, Hillsborough, Ire. [now N.Ire.] d. Dec. 26, 2004), developed (1965) the first portable heart defibrillator, a life saving device for providing rapid emergency… …   Universalium

  • History of CPR — Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is an important life saving first aid skill, practised throughout the world. It is the only known effective method of keeping someone who has suffered cardiac arrest alive long enough for definitive treatment to be… …   Wikipedia

  • List of World War II topics (F) — # F 34 tank gun # F Kikan # F. Burke Jones # F. F. E. Yeo Thomas # F. F. Worthington # F. H. Maynard # F. Lorée # F. Rogues # F. Ross Holland, Jr. # F. S. Bell # F. W. Winterbotham # Föhrenwald # Förbundet Arbetarfront # F1 grenade # Fab Morvan # …   Wikipedia

  • Poleglass — (derive|Irish|an Pholl Glas|the green hollow) is a mainly nationalist/republican housing estate on the outskirts of West Belfast, Northern Ireland. The name Poleglass is a Townland name that was used as the name for the collection of estates that …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast — Infobox Hospital Name = Royal Victoria Hospital Org/Group = Belfast Trust Caption = Location = Belfast Region = County Antrim State = Northern Ireland Country = UK HealthCare = NHS Type = District General Speciality = Emergency = Yes Affiliation …   Wikipedia

  • List of Irish people — This is a list of famous Irish people.It covers * People who were born on the island of Ireland and/or who have lived there for most of their lives. * People who, though not necessarily ever having been born or lived in Ireland, have been raised… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Northern Irish people — is a list of notable people from Northern Ireland.It also covers * people of Northern Irish descent * people born in Northern Ireland who have since become nationals of other countries * people born outside Northern Ireland and later settled… …   Wikipedia

  • Culture of the United Kingdom — The Proms is an eight week summer season of daily orchestral classical music concerts, on the last night with some traditional patriotic music of the United Kingdom.[1][2] …   Wikipedia

  • Burma Railway — This article is about the railway constructed by Japan during World War II. For articles relating to the railways of the country Burma, see Rail transport in Burma. The Bridge over the Mae Klong River; the railway is along the northeastern side… …   Wikipedia

  • 1916 in Ireland — Events*January 14 Michael Collins quits his job in London and returns to Ireland. [Mackay, James (1998). Michael Collins, A Life (1998 Reprint of 1997 ed.). Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 1 85158 949 x. p44] *February 14 John Redmond is re elected… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.