Hungarian parliamentary election, 1994


Hungarian parliamentary election, 1994

The 1994 Hungarian general election was held in two round in May 1994. It saw the return to power of the Socialists in their post-1989 form as the Hungarian Socialist Party, under the leadership of Gyula Horn, who became Prime Minister. The Socialist achieved a remarkable revival, winning an overall majority of 209 seats out of 386, up from a meagre 33 in 1990. The governing Hungarian Democratic Forum had an extremely bad election, falling from 165 to 37. It was also a disappointment for the principal opposition party of the previous parliament, the Alliance of Free Democrats, which failed to capitalize on the government's unpopularity and lost seats. Poor economic performance, apparent government incompetence and a certain nostalgia for the social security of the communist era appear to be the main reasons for the result, together with significant reform of the Socialists' policies, with commitment to the expansion for the market economy and continued compensation for the victims of communism.

Despite winning an overall majority Horn decided to form a coalition with the Free Democrats, to assuage public concerns over the return of ex-communists to power and to achieve a two-thirds majority in parliament.

Results of Single Member Constituencies



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