- Bulgarian Communist Party
Bulgarian Communist Party
Българска комунистическа партия
Balgarska Komunisticheska Partiya
First leader Dimitar Blagoev Last leader Petar Mladenov Founded 1903 Dissolved 1990 Headquarters Sofia, People's Republic of Bulgaria Youth wing Workers Youth League Ideology Communism
Political position Far-left International affiliation Comintern (1919-1943), Cominform (1948-1956) European affiliation Balkan Communist Federation (1921-1939) Official colours Red, White Bulgaria
This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
The Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP) (Българска комунистическа партия / Balgarska Komunisticheska Partiya / БКП/BKP) was the communist and Marxist-Leninist ruling party of the People's Republic of Bulgaria from 1946 until 1990 when the country ceased to be a communist state. The Bulgarian Communist Party had dominated the Fatherland Front coalition that took power in 1944, late in World War II, after it led a coup against Bulgaria's tsarist government in conjunction with the Red Army's crossing the border.
The party's origins lay in the Bulgarian Social Democratic Workers' Party (Narrow Socialists), known as the Tesnyatsi (Tesni Socialisti, "Narrow Socialists"), which was founded in 1903 after a split in the 10th Congress of the Bulgarian Social Democratic Workers' Party.
The party's founding leader was Dimitar Blagoev and its subsequent leaders included Georgi Dimitrov. The party opposed World War I, was sympathetic to the October Revolution in Russia and applied to join the Communist International upon its founding in 1919. Upon joining the Comintern the party was reorganised as the Communist Party of Bulgaria. Dimitrov was a member of the party's Central Committee from its inception until his death in 1949 also serving as Bulgaria's leader from 1946. In 1938 the party merged with the Workers' Party to become the Bulgarian Workers' Party. In 1948 the BWP merged with the Bulgarian Workers' Social Democratic Party to become the Bulgarian Communist Party once again.
Following Dimitrov's sudden death, the party was led by Vulko Chervenkov, a Stalinist sympathiser who oversaw a number of party expulsions that met with Moscow's approval. The party joined the Cominform at its inception in 1948 and conducted expulsions against suspected "Titoites" following the expulsion of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia from the alliance. Suspected counter-revolutionaries outside of the party were imprisoned. In March 1954, one year after Joseph Stalin's death, Chervenkov was deposed.
From 1954 until 1989 the party was led by Todor Zhivkov, who was very supportive of the Soviet Union and remained close to its leadership after Nikita Khrushchev was deposed by Leonid Brezhnev. His rule led to relative political stability and an increase in living standards. The demands for democratic reform which swept Eastern Europe in 1989 led Zhivkov to resign. The party moved in a more moderate direction, with some former members abandoning Marxism-Leninism in 1990 and creating the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP).
A number of old Communists established several splinter parties with an insignificant number of members. One of these parties named Communist Party of Bulgaria (Komunisticeska Partija na Balgarija) is a party led by Alexander Paunov.
- History of Bulgaria
- Eastern Bloc politics
Ruling Communist parties in the Eastern BlocEastern Bloc politics People's Republic of Albania People's Republic of BulgariaBulgarian Communist Party Czechoslovak Socialist Republic German Democratic Republic People's Republic of Hungary People's Republic of Poland People's Republic of Romania Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Bulgarian Communist Party — Having been created in 1919, the Bulgarian Communist Party (Balgarska Komunisticeska Partija BKP) held office from 1944 until the collapse of communism in Bulgaria in 1989/90. Under its uncompromising leader Vulko Chervenkov, the BKP embraced… … Historical dictionary of Marxism
Bulgarian Communist Party – Marxists — (in Bulgarian: Българска комунистическа партия – марксисти ) is a political party in Bulgaria. БКП марксисти was founded in 1990. The chairman of the Executive Committee of the party is Boris Petkov.БКП м took part in the 1991 parliamentary… … Wikipedia
Bulgarian Socialist Party — Infobox Political party name english = Bulgarian Socialist Party name native = Българска социалистическа партия leader = Sergey Stanishev foundation = 1990 ideology = Democratic socialism, Social democracy international = Socialist international… … Wikipedia
Communist Party of Czechoslovakia — Komunistická strana Československa First leader Different people Last leader Ladislav Adamec Founded 14 16 May 1921 Dissolved … Wikipedia
Bulgarian United Communist Party — (in Bulgarian: Българска единна комунистическа партия ) was a political party in Bulgaria. The party was founded on December 11 1993. It was led by Atanas Vasilev and Michail Michailov. In 2000 the party merged into the Bulgarian Communist Party… … Wikipedia
Communist Party of Bulgaria — Not to be confused with Bulgarian Communist Party. Communist Party of Bulgaria Комунистическа партия на България Komunisticeska Partija na Balgarija Leader Alexander Paunov Founded 1996 Newspaper Rabotnicheski Vestnik … Wikipedia
Communist party (disambiguation) — Contents 1 All Union 2 Bolsheviks 3 Central, Centre 3.1 Chin … Wikipedia
Communist Party of the Soviet Union — CPSU redirects here. For other uses, see CPSU (disambiguation). All Union Communist Party (bolsheviks) redirects here. For other uses, see All Union Communist Party (disambiguation). KPSS redirects here. For the Statistical test, see KPSS test.… … Wikipedia
Communist Party of Switzerland — (Kommunistische Partei der Schweiz), known as the Old Communists (Altkommunisten), was a historical Communist party, section of the Communist International. The Party originated from a group of left wing socialists who were expelled from the… … Wikipedia
Communist Party of Greece — Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας Kommounistikó Kómma Elládas Communist Party of Greece Leader … Wikipedia