Port Blair


Port Blair

Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Port Blair
type = capital
latd = 11.67
longd = 92.76
locator_position = left
state_name = the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
district = Andamans
leader_title =
leader_name =
altitude =
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 100,186
population_density =
area_magnitude = sq. km
area_total =
area_telephone =
postal_code =
vehicle_code_range =
sex_ratio =
unlocode =
website =
footnotes =

Port Blair audio|Port_Blair.ogg|pronunciation (Hindi: पोर्ट ब्लेयर) is the largest town and a municipal council in Andaman district in the Andaman Islands and the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, a union territory of India. It lies on the east coast of South Andaman Island and is the main entry point to the islands.

It is also the headquarters for the Indian district of Andaman, and the local administrative sub-division ("tehsil"), which is also called Port Blair.

It is home to several museums and a major base for the Indian Navy ,Indian Coast Guard.It is also the headquarters of the Tri Services Command

History

Port Blair is named for Lieutenant Archibald Blair of the British East India Company, who unsuccessfully attempted to establish a colony in 1789. Port Blair was re-established in 1858, as the site for a British penal colony. This was originally on Viper Island, named after Lieutenant Blair's vessel, "The Viper." The convicts, mostly political prisoners, suffered life imprisonment at hard labor under degrading, even cruel conditions. Many were hanged, while others died of disease and starvation.

Between 1864 and 1867 a penal establishment was built with convict labor on the northern side of Ross Island. [http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/features/andaman/stories/2004081500270300.htm T. Ramakrishnan, "Notorious Once, It Stands Shrouded in Silence"] These structures are now in ruins. [http://www.galenfrysinger.com/ross_island.htm Ross Island]

A crucial part of the Sherlock Holmes novel "The Sign of Four" takes place in this penal colony, depicted from the point of view of a convict.

As the Indian freedom movement continued to grow in the late Nineteenth Century an enormous Cellular Jail was constructed between 1896 and 1906 to house even more Indian convicts, mostly political prisoners, in solitary confinement. It is also known as "Kala Pani" translated as "Black Waters".

For a time during 1943 and 1944, Port Blair was the headquarters of the Indian National Army government under Subhash Chandra Bose.

In 1984, the city was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Port Blair.

Although damaged by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, Port Blair survived sufficiently to act as a base for relief efforts in the islands.

Known as the Emerald Islands, today this is a recommended site for tourists, with its lush green forest and the blue of the sea.

Trivia

Popular singer Jack Johnson's song "Holes to Heaven" is about a surf trip to Port Blair.

Demographics

As of 2003 India census [GR|India] , Port Blair had a population of 100,186. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Port Blair has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 72%. In Port Blair, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Transportation

Ships transport passengers and cargo between Port Blair and the mainland cities of Kolkata, Chennai and Vishakhapatnam. Ferries link Port Blair to outlying islands. Vir Savarkar Airport is served by domestic Indian air carriers.


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References

* [http://world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gpro&lng=en&dat=32&geo=366039276&srt=npan&col=aohdq World Gazetteer: Port Blair] (coordinates and population)



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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Port Blair — Port Blair …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Port Blair — Une rue du centre de Port Blair Administration Pays   …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Port Blair — /blair/ a seaport in and the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, on S Andaman. 26,212. * * * City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 100,186), capital of Andaman and Nicobar Islands union territory, India, in the Bay of Bengal. It was occupied by the… …   Universalium

  • Port Blair — (spr. blǟr), Hafen, s. Andamanen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Port Blair — (spr. blähr), Strafkolonie, s. Andamanen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Port Blair —   [pɔːt bleə], Hauptstadt des Unionsterritoriums Andamanen und Nikobaren, Indien, auf der Insel Südandaman, 75 000 Einwohner; Seehafen.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Port Blair — Port Blair′ [[t]blɛər[/t]] n. geg the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, on S Andaman. 49,634 …   From formal English to slang

  • Port Blair — Original name in latin Port Blair Name in other language IXZ, Port Blair, Port Bler, Port Blehr, Portus Blair, bu lai er gang, port piler, porta blera, porta bleyara, portableyara, portblerah, poteubeulleeo, potoburea, pwrt blyyr, Порт Блер, Порт …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Port Blair — ► C. cap. del archipiélago indio de Andamán y del territorio de Andamán y Nicobar; 49 600 h. * * * Ciudad (pob., est. 2001: 100.186 hab.), capital del territorio asociado de las islas Andamán y Nicobar en India, ubicada en el golfo de Bengala.… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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