- Battle of Dover (1217)
The battle of Dover was a
naval battlefought in early 1217between an English fleet of 30-40 ships under Hubert de Burghand a French fleet of 80 (mostly small craft) under Eustace the Monk. An English victory, the battle is notable as the first known example of the use of sailing tactics.
First Barons' War, the rebelling barons had asked Prince Louis take the throne of England away from King John. In 1216, Louis had landed in England and captured all of the Cinque Portsin the southeast, except for Dover, where de Burgh stubbornly held out against a siege of many months.
In August, Louis sent reinforcements for the siege across the
English Channel, consisting of 900 troops and supplies on board 10 warships and 70 small craft. De Burgh had a fleet of 16 large ships and about 20 converted merchant vessels; he sailed out from Dover to intercept the French before they could land.
In a novel move, de Burgh attacked from upwind, first launching a shower of
crossbowbolts, followed by quicklimedust to blind the French. After this, the ships closed for the usual boarding and hand-to-hand combat, in which the English were able to destroy or capture 3/4 of Eustace's ships.
Eustace was able to get away, but in the naval Battle of Sandwich in August, he was captured and later beheaded.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Battle of Sandwich (1217) — Not to be confused with the Battle of Sandwich (1460). The Battle of Sandwich was a medieval naval battle in 1217, during the First Barons War. It was an immediate follow on to the Battle of Dover between the French navy under Eustace the Monk… … Wikipedia
Battle of Dover — Several naval engagements that occurred somewhere in the vicinity of Dover, England, are known as the Battle of Dover: *The Battle of Dover, 24 August 1217, in the First Barons War. *The Battle of Goodwin Sands, 29 May 1652, in the First Anglo… … Wikipedia
Battle of Sandwich — Name of 2 English medieval naval battles: *Battle of Sandwich (1217), immediate follow on to the Battle of Dover *Battle of Sandwich (1460), skirmish during the Wars of the Roses … Wikipedia
Schlacht von Sandwich (1217) — Schlacht von Sandwich Teil von: Erster Krieg der Barone Darstellung der Seeschlacht von … Deutsch Wikipedia
Юстас (пират) — Юстас Eustace Смерть Юстаса (иллюстрация … Википедия
First Barons' War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=First Barons War partof= caption= date=1215 1217 place=England casus=Baronial discontent with government of King John territory=None result=French invasion repelled. Eventual return to status quo, with some… … Wikipedia
Eustace the Monk — This page is on Eustace the Black Monk. For another Eustace the Monk, also known as Eustace of Luxeuil, see Eustace of Luxeuil. For other uses see Eustace. Eustace the Monk (c. 1170 ndash; August 24, 1217) was a mercenary and pirate, in the… … Wikipedia
1210s in England — Events from the 1210s in England.IncumbentsMonarch John of England (to 19 October, 1216), Henry III of EnglandEvents* 1210 ** 20 June King John of England lands at Waterford. He later builds castles, including the first stone castle at Dublin,… … Wikipedia
Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent — Infobox Officeholder honorific prefix = name =Hubert de Burgh honorific suffix = imagesize = small caption = order = office = Chief Justiciar of England term start =1215 term end =1232 vicepresident = viceprimeminister = deputy = lieutenant =… … Wikipedia
Naval warfare — Sea power redirects here. For the magazine, see Seapower. The French (left) and British (right) lines at the Battle of Chesapeake Warfare … Wikipedia