Battle of Dover (1217)

Battle of Dover (1217)

The battle of Dover was a naval battle fought in early 1217 between an English fleet of 30-40 ships under Hubert de Burgh and a French fleet of 80 (mostly small craft) under Eustace the Monk. An English victory, the battle is notable as the first known example of the use of sailing tactics.

During the First Barons' War, the rebelling barons had asked Prince Louis take the throne of England away from King John. In 1216, Louis had landed in England and captured all of the Cinque Ports in the southeast, except for Dover, where de Burgh stubbornly held out against a siege of many months.

In August, Louis sent reinforcements for the siege across the English Channel, consisting of 900 troops and supplies on board 10 warships and 70 small craft. De Burgh had a fleet of 16 large ships and about 20 converted merchant vessels; he sailed out from Dover to intercept the French before they could land.

In a novel move, de Burgh attacked from upwind, first launching a shower of crossbow bolts, followed by quicklime dust to blind the French. After this, the ships closed for the usual boarding and hand-to-hand combat, in which the English were able to destroy or capture 3/4 of Eustace's ships.

Eustace was able to get away, but in the naval Battle of Sandwich in August, he was captured and later beheaded.


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Battle of Sandwich (1217) — Not to be confused with the Battle of Sandwich (1460). The Battle of Sandwich was a medieval naval battle in 1217, during the First Barons War. It was an immediate follow on to the Battle of Dover between the French navy under Eustace the Monk… …   Wikipedia

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  • Battle of Sandwich — Name of 2 English medieval naval battles: *Battle of Sandwich (1217), immediate follow on to the Battle of Dover *Battle of Sandwich (1460), skirmish during the Wars of the Roses …   Wikipedia

  • Schlacht von Sandwich (1217) — Schlacht von Sandwich Teil von: Erster Krieg der Barone Darstellung der Seeschlacht von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • First Barons' War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=First Barons War partof= caption= date=1215 1217 place=England casus=Baronial discontent with government of King John territory=None result=French invasion repelled. Eventual return to status quo, with some… …   Wikipedia

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