George Newnes


George Newnes

Sir George Newnes, 1st Baronet (13 March 18519 June 1910) was a publisher and editor in England.

Biography

He was born in Matlock, Derbyshire. [ [http://www.biography.com/search/article.do?id=9422632 Sir George at Biography.com] accessed June 2007] His father, Thomas M Newnes, was a Congregational church minister. He was educated at Silcoates School and then at Shireland Hall, Warwickshire, and the City of London School.

His arguably best known publication was "The Strand Magazine", begun in 1891, in which Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was first able to publish his Sherlock Holmes mystery series. He also founded other magazine titles, including "The Westminster Gazette" (1873), "Tit-Bits" (1881), "The Wide World Magazine" (1888), and "Country Life" (1897). The company that bore his name, George Newnes, Ltd., continued publishing long after his death, with magazines such as "Practical Mechanics". In 1963, the company was folded into IPC Media (now a branch of Time Warner). Today Newnes books continue to be published by Elsevier.

Newnes served as a member of the British parliament representing the constituency of Newmarket (1885–1895).

Aside from his publishing activities, Newnes built a large home in the West Country, and was a key player in the development of the twin towns of Lynton and Lynmouth in North Devon. He built an innovative cliff railway to join the two towns, and also provided the Town Hall and other amenities.

Largely as a result of Sir George's efforts, the 19-mile Lynton and Barnstaple Railway opened in 1898 ostensibly to bring visitors from the mainline railways at Barnstaple. At the time, Newnes was seen as being a great benefactor to the area by bringing the railway, but in truth, he may have been less altruistic. By building the line to a narrow gauge of only 1' 11 1/2", by terminating the line some distance from both towns (and incidentally, also hidden from his own home at Hollerday Hill) and by linking the twin towns to Barnstaple, rather than Minehead, from where more people wanted to travel, it is believed that he may have been keen to preserve what was known as "The "little Switzerland" of England" for the wealthier classes.

Never a major revenue earner, the line closed, after passing into Southern Ownership, in 1935, largely as a result of increased competition from road transport and the private motor car.

Seventy years on, a group of enthusiasts are now recreating the atmosphere of Newnes' Railway, and steam trains are once again carrying passengers along part of the old route.

References

*Jackson, Kate. "George Newnes and the New Journalism in Britain, 1880-19l0". Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001. ISBN 978-0-7546-0317-7

ee also

*List of publishers
*List of British MPs

External links

* [http://www.jhenry.demon.co.uk/strand2.htm The story of The Strand Magazine]
*gutenberg author|id=George_Newnes|name=George Newnes


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