- George Newnes
Sir George Newnes, 1st Baronet (
13 March 1851– 9 June 1910) was a publisherand editor in England.
He was born in Matlock,
Derbyshire. [ [http://www.biography.com/search/article.do?id=9422632 Sir George at Biography.com] accessed June 2007] His father, Thomas M Newnes, was a Congregational churchminister. He was educated at Silcoates Schooland then at Shireland Hall, Warwickshire, and the City of London School.
His arguably best known publication was "
The Strand Magazine", begun in 1891, in which Sir Arthur Conan Doylewas first able to publish his Sherlock Holmesmystery series. He also founded other magazinetitles, including "The Westminster Gazette" (1873), " Tit-Bits" (1881), "The Wide World Magazine" (1888), and "Country Life" (1897). The company that bore his name, George Newnes, Ltd., continued publishing long after his death, with magazines such as " Practical Mechanics". In 1963, the company was folded into IPC Media(now a branch of Time Warner). Today Newnes books continue to be published by Elsevier.
Newnes served as a member of the
British parliamentrepresenting the constituencyof Newmarket (1885–1895).
Aside from his publishing activities, Newnes built a large home in the
West Country, and was a key player in the development of the twin towns of Lyntonand Lynmouthin North Devon. He built an innovative cliff railway to join the two towns, and also provided the Town Hall and other amenities.
Largely as a result of Sir George's efforts, the 19-mile
Lynton and Barnstaple Railwayopened in 1898 ostensibly to bring visitors from the mainline railways at Barnstaple. At the time, Newnes was seen as being a great benefactor to the area by bringing the railway, but in truth, he may have been less altruistic. By building the line to a narrow gauge of only 1' 11 1/2", by terminating the line some distance from both towns (and incidentally, also hidden from his own home at Hollerday Hill) and by linking the twin towns to Barnstaple, rather than Minehead, from where more people wanted to travel, it is believed that he may have been keen to preserve what was known as "The "little Switzerland" of England" for the wealthier classes.
Never a major revenue earner, the line closed, after passing into Southern Ownership, in 1935, largely as a result of increased competition from road transport and the private motor car.
Seventy years on, a group of enthusiasts are now recreating the atmosphere of Newnes' Railway, and steam trains are once again carrying passengers along part of the old route.
*Jackson, Kate. "George Newnes and the New Journalism in Britain, 1880-19l0". Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001. ISBN 978-0-7546-0317-7
List of publishers
List of British MPs
* [http://www.jhenry.demon.co.uk/strand2.htm The story of The Strand Magazine]
*gutenberg author|id=George_Newnes|name=George Newnes
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George Newnes — (13 mars 1851, Matlock 9 juin 1910), 1er baronnet, est un éditeur britannqiue. Il est notamment connu pour avoir publié le Strand Magazine à partir de 1891, dans lequel Arthur Conan Doyle a publié la série des Sherlock Holmes … Wikipédia en Français
George Newnes — Categoría de George Newnes realizada por Leslie Ward Sir George Newnes, (13 de marzo de 1851 9 de junio de 1910) fue un editor británico. Biografía Newnes nació en Matlock, Derbyshire. Su padre, Thomas M. Newnes, era pastor de la Igles … Wikipedia Español
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