Xuanxue


Xuanxue
Taoism
Taoism
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Xuanxue (simplified Chinese: 玄学; traditional Chinese: 玄學; pinyin: Xuánxué; Wade–Giles: Hsüan-hsüeh; literally "mysterious learning"), Neo-Taoism, or Neo-Daoism is the focal school of thought in Chinese philosophy from the third to sixth century CE. Xuanxue philosophers combined elements of Confucianism and Taoism to reinterpret the Yijing, Daodejing, and Zhuangzi.

The name compounds xuan "black, dark; mysterious, profound, abstruse, arcane," occurs in the first chapter of the Lao-tzu. Xue "study, learn, learning," literally the "learning" or "study" of the "arcane," "mysterious," or "profound." In Modern Standard Chinese usage, xuanxue can mean "neo-Daoism," "Buddhism," "metaphysics," "spiritualism," or "mysticism".

French sinologist Terrien de Lacouperie (1845-1894) believed Neo-Daoism originally developed out of an amalgamation of "wonderism" (or Jixia Academy thought) and the philosophical Daoism of Laozi.[1]

Two influential Xuanxue scholars were Wang Bi and Guo Xiang, editors and leading commentators on the Daodejing and Zhuangzi, respectively.

References

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  • Xuanxue — 玄學 ou Hsuan Hsue, parfois néotaoïsme, désigne un courant philosophique et culturel chinois classé dans le taoïsme, mais pouvant aussi être considéré comme un maillon dans l évolution du confucianisme[1],[2], qui apparut au IIIe siècle au… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • XUANXUE — [HIUAN HIUE] Courant philosophique qui apparut en Chine vers la fin de l’Empire des Han (IIe s.), le Xuanxue réagit contre la scolastique confucianiste qui était jusque là la doctrine officielle. En cherchant à retrouver l’enseignement pur et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Xuanxue — Die Dunkle Lehre (xuanxue) (chinesisch 玄學 / 玄学 Xuánxué, W. G. Hsüan hsüeh ‚Dunkle Lehre/Lehre vom Dunklen/Geheimnisvolle Lehre/Mystische Lehre/Lehre vom Dunkeln/Mystische Schule/Mysterienschule‘), die auch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Xuanxue — or hsüan hsüeh (Chinese; Dark Learning ) Intellectual movement in China in the 3rd–4th century that arose during a period of disenchantment with Confucianism. Founded by Wang Bi (226–249), the movement drastically reinterpreted Confucian sources… …   Universalium

  • Néotaoïsme — Xuanxue série Taoïsme Courants Textes Personnalités Notions et pratiques Divinités …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jin-Dynastie (265-420) — Die Jin Dynastie (265–420) (chin. 晉 / 晋, Jìn; auch Tsin oder Chin) ist eine dynastische Periode in der Geschichte Chinas. Sie zerfällt in zwei Epochen: Westliche Jin, 西晉 / 西晋, Xï Jìn: 265–316 Östliche Jin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jin-Dynastie (265–420) — Die Jin Dynastie (265–420) (chinesisch 晉 / 晋 Jìn; auch Tsin oder Chin) ist eine dynastische Periode in der Geschichte Chinas. Sie zerfällt in zwei Epochen: Westliche Jin, 西晉 / 西晋 Xï Jìn: 265–316 Östliche Jin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material …   Universalium

  • China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast …   Universalium

  • Wang Bi — ou Wang Pi 王弼 (226 – 249), nom social Fusi (1), lettré chinois de la période des Trois royaumes, est le créateur de la philosophie Xuanxue (2) qui propose, à partir de notions tirées du Dao De Jing (ou Lao Zi) et du Zhuang Zi, une base théorique… …   Wikipédia en Français


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