- Cumberland Bay
Cumberland Bay, 6 km (3.7 mi) wide at its entrance between Larsen and Barff Points, which separates into two extensive arms that recede inland 14 km (8.7 mi) along the northern coast of South Georgia. Discovered and named in 1775 by a British expedition under James Cook.
During the Second World War the whaling stations were closed excepting Grytviken and Leith Harbour. Most of the British and Norwegian whaling factories and catchers were destroyed by German raiders, while the rest were called up to serve under Allied command. The resident British Magistrates (W. Barlas and A.I. Fleuret) attended to the island’s defence throughout the War. The Royal Navy armed the merchant vessel Queen of Bermuda to patrol South Georgian and Antarctic waters, and deployed two four-inch guns at key locations protecting the approaches to Cumberland Bay and Stromness Bay, i.e. to Grytviken and Leith Harbour respectively. These batteries (still present) were manned by volunteers from among the Norwegian whalers who were trained for the purpose.
Previous name of Guantánamo Bay
Cumberland Bay in the South Pacific
There is also a Cumberland Bay on Robinson Crusoe Island.
- Stonehouse, B (ed.) Encyclopedia of Antarctica and the Southern Oceans (2002, ISBN 0 471 9866 58)
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands General Settlements and whaling stations South Georgia Islands South Sandwich Islands LandmarksAllardyce Range · Fortuna Glacier · Gold Harbour · Larsen Harbour · Mount Belinda · Mount Paget · Peggotty Bluff · Salisbury Plain · Salvesen Range · Southern Thule · Thatcher Peninsula · Grace Glacier · Lucas Glacier · Bay of Isles · Point Abrahamsen · Sheep Point · Stromness Bay · Cumberland Bay · Possession Bay · Sheer Point · Busen Point
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