Hawthorne, California


Hawthorne, California

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Hawthorne
other_name =
native_name =
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imagesize =
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flag_size =
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mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Hawthorne in Los Angeles County, California


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = California
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Los Angeles
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Larry Guidi [cite web | url = http://www.cityofhawthorne.com/city_offices/mayorcitycouncil/councilmembers/mayor.asp | title = City of Hawthorne, CA - Mayor | accessdate = 2007-01-18]
leader_title1 =
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established_title =
established_date =
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established_title3 = Incorporated (city)
established_date3 = 1922-07-12 [cite web | url = http://www.cacities.org/resource_files/20457.IncorpDateLO.doc | title = Incorporation Dates of California Cities | accessdate = 2007-01-18]
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 15.70
area_total_sq_mi = 6.06
area_land_km2 = 15.70
area_land_sq_mi = 6.06
area_water_km2 = 0.00
area_water_sq_mi = 0.00
area_water_percent = 0.00
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
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population_as_of = 2005
population_note =
population_footnotes = [cite web | url = http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=&_cityTown=Hawthorne&_state=04000US06&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010 | title = Hawthorne city, California - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder | accessdate = 2007-01-18]
settlement_type = City
population_total = 100754
population_density_km2 = 5358.9
population_density_sq_mi = 13879.4
population_metro =
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban =
population_density_urban_km2 =
population_density_urban_sq_mi =
timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 33 |latm = 55 |lats = 2 |latNS = N
longd = 118 |longm = 20 |longs = 55 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 22
elevation_ft = 72
postal_code_type = ZIP Code
postal_code = 90250, 90251 [cite web | url = http://zip4.usps.com/zip4/zcl_1_results.jsp?visited=1&pagenumber=0&state=ca&city=Hawthorne | title = USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results | accessdate = 2007-01-18]
area_code = 310/424 [cite web | url = http://www.nanpa.com/nas/public/npa_city_query_step2.do?method=displayData&cityToNpaModel.stateAbbr=CA&cityToNpaModel.city=Hawthorne | title = Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results | accessdate = 2007-01-18]
website = [http://www.cityofhawthorne.com/ http://www.cityofhawthorne.com/]
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 06-32548
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1652717
footnotes =

Hawthorne is a city in southwestern Los Angeles County, California. The city in 2000 had a population of 84,112.

Geography

Hawthorne is at coor dms|33|55|2|N|118|20|55|W|city (33.917214, -118.348607)GR|1. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 15.7 km² (6.1 mi²), all land.

To the north of Hawthorne is the unincorporated community of Lennox and the city of Inglewood. To the east is the unincorporated community of Athens and the city of Gardena. To the south is the unincorporated community of El Camino Village, and the cities of Lawndale and Redondo Beach. Manhattan Beach is at the southwest corner of Hawthorne, and the city of El Segundo is to the west of Hawthorne. The unincorporated community of Del Aire is surrounded on three sides by the city of Hawthorne along western edge of Hawthorne.

The Century Freeway (Glenn Anderson Freeway, I-105) runs along the northern boundary of Hawthorne, with the LACMTA Green Line light rail line running down the center of the Century Freeway. The San Diego Freeway (I-405) runs along the western boundary of Hawthorne. Major east-west streets in Hawthorne include Rosecrans Ave., El Segundo Ave.. and Imperial Highway. Major north-south street include Aviation Blvd., Inglewood Ave., Hawthorne Blvd., Prairie Ave., Crenshaw Blvd., and Van Ness Ave.

Hawthorne is five miles from the Los Angeles International Airport. [http://maps.google.com/maps?num=100&hl=en&safe=off&client=safari&rls=en&um=1&ie=UTF-8&q=international+airport&near=Los+Angeles,+CA&fb=1&cid=0,0,9285121272480581238&sa=X&oi=local_result&resnum=1&ct=image]

Hawthorne comprises ZIP codes, 90250, 90251, and the 310 Area Code.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 84,112 people, 28,536 households, and 19,775 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,359.0/km² (13,879.4/mi²). There were 29,629 housing units at an average density of 1,887.8/km² (4,889.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 29.27% White, 39.02% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 6.73% Asian, 0.86% Pacific Islander, 24.16% from other races, and 5.22% from two or more races. 44.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 28,536 households out of which 43.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 23.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.50.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.7% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,887, and the median income for a family was $35,149. Males had a median income of $29,481 versus $27,427 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,022. About 18.4% of families and 20.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.6% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In the state legislature Hawthorne is located in the 25th Senate District, represented by Democrat Edward Vincent, and in the 51st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Curren D. Price Jr.. Federally, Hawthorne is located in California's 35th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +33 [cite web | title = Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest? | publisher = Campaign Legal Center Blog | url=http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html | accessdate = 2008-02-10] and is represented by Democrat Maxine Waters.

Noted residents

Hawthorne is known to rock and roll fans as the home of Brian, Carl, and Dennis Wilson of the Beach Boys. The Wilson brothers' boyhood home was demolished in the late 1980s during the construction of the Century Freeway, although it was honored by the dedication of the Beach Boys Historic Landmark (California Landmark 1041) in May 2005.

*Actress Marilyn Monroe lived in the city as an infant until she was 6. [http://www.movielanddirectory.com/tour-location.cfm?location=18748] [http://www.experiencefestival.com/a/Marilyn_Monroe_-_Early_life/id/1203502]
*Sports figure Jim Thorpe resided in Hawthorne during part of his life, and there is a park named after him.
*Brian, Dennis and Carl Wilson, of the Beach Boys, were raised in Hawthorne.
*Jeff and Steve McDonald of the band Redd Kross were raised in Hawthorne.
*Singer Chris Montez grew up in Hawthorne.
*NFL Players Curtis Conway, Jason Simmons, and Dennis Northcutt have all resided in Hawthorne.
*Rapper Kurupt lived in Hawthorne after moving from Philadelphia.
*Actor Fred Dryer was born in Hawthorne.
*Beatle George Harrison's second wife, Olivia Harrison (née Olivia Trinidad Arias), graduated from Hawthorne High School, class of 1965. [http://www.geocities.com/SunsetStrip/Lounge/3117/olivia.html] [http://dondt.20megsfree.com/hhs75/]
*Dorell Wright of the Miami Heat grew up in Hawthorne.
*Actor Butch Patrick of TV's "The Munsters" also lived in Hawthorne for a short time.
* MADtv character Bunifa Latifah Halifah Sharifa Jackson currently lives in Hawthorne.
* Major League Baseball pitcher (New York Mets and Houston Astros) and Cy Young Award winner, Mike Scott grew up in Hawthorne and graduated from Hawthorne High School in 1973.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

;Centinela Valley Union High School District
*Hawthorne High School
*Leuzinger High School (Lawndale, California );Hawthorne School District;Wiseburn School District
* [http://www.cabrillopta.org/ Juan Cabrillo Elementary School] (Kindergarten-2nd grade), Peter Burnett Elementary School (3rd-5th grade), Richard Henry Dana Middle School (6th-8th grade);Lawndale Elementary School District
* [http://www.lawndale.k12.ca.us/schools/school_details.php?location_id=10 Franklin D. Roosevelt-Kit Carson Elementary School] (Hawthorne), [http://www.lawndale.k12.ca.us/schools/school_details.php?location_id=12 Will Rogers Middle School] (Lawndale);Lennox School District;Los Angeles Unified School District
*Cimarron Elementary School (Hawthorne)
* [http://www.lausd.k12.ca.us/Clay_MS/ Clay Middle School] ("Unincorporated area")
*Washington Preparatory High School ("Unincorporated area")

In addition Los Angeles County Office of Education operates Southwest Day (5th-12th grade).

Hawthorne Math and Science Academy is a charter high school in Hawthorne associated with the Hawthorne School District. [http://www.hawthorne.k12.ca.us/Schools/HMSA/indexHMSA.htm]

Colleges and universities

;Los Angeles Community College District
*Los Angeles Southwest College (in an unincorporated area in Los Angeles County)

Business

*SpaceX has its headquarters near Hawthorne Municipal Airport.
*Hawthorne Plaza shopping center
*Mattel - the headquarters of Mattel was, for a long time, located in Hawthorne, but is now in nearby El Segundo.

References

*Walt Dixon, "Hawthorne, California (Images of America)", 2005 ISBN 0-7385-2971-0

ee also

* Hawthorne Municipal Airport (California)
* Beach Boys Historic Landmark

External links

* [http://www.cityofhawthorne.com/ Hawthorne official website]
* [http://www.hawthorne-chamber.com/main.htm Hawthorne Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.wmof.com/ Western Museum of Flight]

Geographic Location (8-way)
Centre =Hawthorne
North =Inglewood
Northeast =
East =Gardena
Southeast =
South =Lawndale
Southwest =Manhattan Beach
West =El Segundo
Northwest =


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