Allium vineale


Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Flowerhead showing bulbils and a few flowers
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
clade: Angiosperms
clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. vineale
Binomial name
Allium vineale
L.

Allium vineale (Wild Garlic, Crow Garlic) is a perennial bulbflower in the genus Allium, native to Europe, north Africa and western Asia. The species was introduced in Australia and North America, where it has become an invasive species.

All parts of the plant have a strong garlic odour. The underground bulb is 1-2 cm diameter, with a fibrous outer layer. The main stem grows to 30-120 cm tall, bearing 2-4 leaves and an apical inflorescence 2-5 cm diameter comprising a number of small bulbils and none to a few flowers, subtended by a basal bract. The leaves are slender hollow tubes, 15-60 cm long and 2-4 mm thick, waxy textured, with a groove along the side of the leaf facing the stem. The flowers are 2-5 mm long, with six petals varying in colour from pink to red or greenish-white. It flowers in the summer, June to August in northern Europe. Plants with no flowers, only bulbils, are sometimes distinguished as the variety Allium vineale var. compactum, but this character is probably not taxonomically significant.

Contents

Uses and problems

While Allium vineale has been suggested as a substitute for garlic, it has an unpleasant aftertaste compared to that of garlic itself. It imparts a garlic-like flavour and odour on dairy and beef products when grazed by livestock. It is considered a pestilential invasive weed, as grain products may become tainted with a garlic odour or flavour in the presence of aerial bulblets at the time of harvest.[1][2][3] Wild garlic is resistant to herbicides due to the structure of its leaves, being vertical, smooth and waxy. Herbicides do not cling well to it and are therefore not as effective.[citation needed]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Eric Block, "Garlic and Other Alliums: The Lore and the Science" (Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry, 2010)
  2. ^ James L. Brewster, "Onions and Other Alliums" (Wallingford: CABI Publishing, 2008)
  3. ^ Dilys Davies, "Alliums: The Ornamental Onions" (Portland: Timber Press, 1992)

References

  • Block, E. (2010). Garlic and Other Alliums: The Lore and the Science. (Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry. ISBN 978-0-85404-190-9. 
  • Brewster, J. L. (2008). Onions and Other Alliums. (Wallingford: CABI Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84593-399-9. 
  • Davies, D. (1992). Alliums: The Ornamental Onions. (Portland: Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-241-2. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Allium vineale —   Ajo salvaje …   Wikipedia Español

  • Allium vineale — Ail des vignes Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ail …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Allium vineale — Weinberg Lauch Weinberg Lauch (Allium vineale) Systematik Klasse: Einkeimblättrige (Liliopsida) Unterklasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Allium vineale — ID 2614 Symbol Key ALVI Common Name wild garlic Family Liliaceae Category Monocot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AK, AL, AR, CA, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Allium vineale L. — Symbol ALVI Common Name wild garlic Botanical Family Liliaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Allium vineale — noun pungent Old World wild onion • Syn: ↑crow garlic, ↑false garlic, ↑field garlic, ↑stag s garlic, ↑wild garlic • Hypernyms: ↑wild onion …   Useful english dictionary

  • Allium vineale ssp. vineale — ID 2618 Symbol Key ALVIV Common Name wild garlic Family Liliaceae Category Monocot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AK, AL, AR, CA, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Allium vineale ssp. compactum — ID 2615 Symbol Key ALVIC3 Common Name compact onion Family Liliaceae Category Monocot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution MO, OK Growth Habit Forb/herb Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Allium vineale ssp. kochii — ID 2617 Symbol Key ALVIK2 Common Name N/A Family Liliaceae Category Monocot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Allium vineale L. ssp. vineale — Symbol ALVIV Common Name wild garlic Botanical Family Liliaceae …   Scientific plant list


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