East Asian people in the United Kingdom

East Asian people in the United Kingdom

ethnic group
group=East Asians in Britain

caption ="Top row:"
"Matt Tong, Myleene Klass, Kazuo Ishiguro,"
Bottom row:"Vanessa-Mae, Herman Li, Gok Wan"

poptime= est. 1,400,000 (2.33% of the UK population)
popplace=London, Liverpool, Manchester, Oxford, Cambridge, Glasgow, Edinburgh
langs = British English, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Tagalog, Thai, Vietnamese, Indonesian and many others
rels = Buddhism, Roman Catholicism, Anglican, Protestant, Islam, Shinto, Non-religious, others
related-c = Asians

Since the 17th century, there have been East Asian people in Britain. Today, such people are described as Chinese or other in the British census, and primarily originate from countries such as Japan, Korea, the People's Republic of China, the Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. Although they originate from Asia, these people are not classed as British Asians because in United Kingdom common and official usage, Asian almost exclusively refers to people from South Asia, such as those from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.




The first settlement of Chinese people in the United Kingdom dates from the early 19th century. In particular were port cities such as Liverpool and London; particularly the Limehouse area in East London, where the first Chinatown was established in the UK and Europe.Fact|date=August 2008

Today, most of the British Chinese are people or are descended from people who were themselves overseas Chinese when they entered the United Kingdom. The majority are from former British colonies, such as Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, and also other countries such as Vietnam. People from mainland China and Taiwan and their descendants constitute a relatively small proportion of the British Chinese community.

The United Kingdom only had a small population of Filipinos until the late 20th century. The number started to grow in the 1970’s when immigration restrictions on Commonwealth citizens meant that employers had to find workers from other countries. The National Health Service (NHS), hotel and catering industry and clothing manufacturers started to recruit Filipinos. According to the UK Department of Employment, 20,226 work permits were issued to Filipinos between 1968 and 1980. Some 47% of the work permits were issued for those who came to work in hospitals and welfare homes as hospital auxiliaries, catering workers and to nurse-trainees. The second biggest category of work permits were for chambermaids, followed by catering and waitering staff. The NHS started to recruit more Filipino nurses in the 1990s to make up a shortfall in local recruitment. A large number of Filipinos have also arrived as caregivers and work in public & private nursing homes.




Notable people

* List of Chinese Britons

* List of Filipino Britons

* List of Japanese Britons

* List of Malaysian Britons

* List of Thai Britons


* List of Singaporean Britons

ee also

* Transfer of the sovereignty of Hong Kong
* Asian American
* Asian Canadian
* Asian Argentines
* Asian Australians

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/uk/05/born_abroad/countries/html/overview.stm BORN ABROAD, An Immigration Map of Britain] , BBC News.

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