Landships Committee

Landships Committee

The Landships Committee was a small British war cabinet committee established in 1915 to deal with the design and construction of what would turn out to be tanks during the First World War. Headed by First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill, the Landships Committee was composed mainly of naval officers, politicians and engineers.

The committee came about when Colonel Maurice Hankey took Colonel Ernest Swinton's proposals for an armoured trench-crossing vehicle to Churchill after they had been discounted by General French and other senior staff in the British Army.

The committee was chaired by Eustace Tennyson d’Eyncourt, the Director of Naval Construction at the Admiralty. Among those who attended were Thomas Hetherington, Robert Francis Macfie and Colonel Rookes Evelyn Bell Crompton.

Many had been inspired by early ideas for from pre-war years. Among these would be the armoured "war car" built in the early 1890s in Eastern Europe. The armoured car was already in use with the Royal Naval Air Service on the continent. Another inspiration was a 1904 short story by HG Wells, "The Land Ironclads", and all but Winston Churchill were willing to borrow Wells' creation despite it being restricted under copyright law.

The Landships Committee was effectively responsible for creating the first tank corps. A small battery of the Motor Machine Gun Corps in Surrey was used as a cover before the Tank Corps was established in 1916. Both battalions were replaced by the Royal Armoured Corps and the Royal Artillery after the war. Today, the tank's naval lineage can be traced directly back to its naval designers by some of its past and present terminology: the hull, deck, sponsons, bow, turret, and hatches. Prior to the tank, armies used horses and field guns (cannon), and possessed no gun designed to fire within a confined space. Consequently, the first army tank guns were borrowed from the navy.

ee also

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tank — For other uses, see Tank (disambiguation). Tank A former British Arm …   Wikipedia

  • Albert Gerald Stern — Infobox Person name = Sir Albert Gerald Stern image size = caption = birth name = birth date = 1878 birth place = death date = 1966 death place = death cause = resting place = resting place coordinates = residence = nationality = ethnicity =… …   Wikipedia

  • Tanks in World War I — The development of Tanks in World War I began as a solution to the stalemate which trench warfare had brought to the western front. The first prototype of the Mark I tank was tested for the British Army on 8 September 1915. Although initially… …   Wikipedia

  • Landship — This article is primarily about a fictional method of transportation. For the Barbadian cultural tradition, see Landship (Barbados). A landship is a large vehicle that travels on land, as opposed to on water or in space where large vehicles are… …   Wikipedia

  • Sir Eustace Tennyson-d'Eyncourt, 1st Baronet — Sir Eustace Henry William Tennyson d Eyncourt, 1st Baronet, BT, KCB, LL.D, D.SC, FRS (1 April 1868 ndash; 1 February 1951) was a British naval architect and engineer. As Director of Naval Construction for the Royal Navy, 1912 24, he was… …   Wikipedia

  • Carro de combate — Para otros usos de este término, véase Tanque (desambiguación). Un M1 Abrams, carro de combate est …   Wikipedia Español

  • Черчилль, Уинстон — Запрос «Черчилль» перенаправляется сюда; см. также другие значения. Уинстон Черчилль Winston Churchill …   Википедия

  • Черчилль — Черчилль, Уинстон Уинстон Черчилль Winston Churchill …   Википедия

  • Winston Churchill in politics: 1900–1939 — Winston Churchill (third from right), as the British Colonial Secretary, in Ottoman Damascus, 1912 Winston Churchill in politics: 1900 to 1939 documents the career of Winston Churchill in Parliament from its beginning in 1900 to the start of his… …   Wikipedia

  • Winston Churchill — For other uses, see Winston Churchill (disambiguation). Churchill redirects here. For other uses, see Churchill (disambiguation). The Right Honourable Sir Winston Churchill …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.